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The Roaring 20s
Transcript of The Roaring 20s
Vol C No. 100
The Roaring Twenties
Food of the 1920s
The 1920s was a serious time for food. You could call it the decade that modernized food. The introduction of refrigerators allowed healthier and longer storage of perishable provisions. While smaller farms were being replaced by larger farms that could afford the new machinery to produce crops faster. In the early 1920s, the average American meal consisted largely of meat and potatoes. Data from the 1920s show that 44 hours a week were spent preparing meals and cleaning up. Today, data shows that Americans spend 30 minutes a day cooking, that's 3 hours and 30 minutes a week! As vitamins began to be discovered from 1912, fruits, vegetables, and milk become much more important in the American diet. This knowledge changed the eating habits of Americans forever. People stopped eating as much starch and started consuming fruit and sugar. The most amazing change however was that where women used to prepare food from scratch, people could now buy foods that were ready to cook! The Great War brought new methods of food processing as manufacturers produced more and more canned and frozen goods, which helped reduce the enormous amounts of time that it had previously taken to prepare and cook food. Soon, gas stoves were invented, saving even more time for women in the kitchens. Some of today’s most famous products were invented in the 1920s. Baby Ruth Candy Bar 1920, Wonder Bread 1920, Reese’s Peanut Butter Cup 1923, Welch’s Grape Jelly 1923, Popsicle 1924, Wheaties 1924, Hostess Cakes 1927, Kool-Aid 1927, Velveeta Cheese 1928, and much more. When Prohibition was ratified in 1920s, it wasn’t all speakeasies and bootleggers. While alcohol production went into secrecy and gangs, soft drinks, tea, and coffee were produced more and more to substitute the alcoholic beverages. Today, we can thank the 1920s for all the luxuries we all have today. From gas stoves and refrigerators, to soft drinks, candy bars, chocolate and many other things we love and crave today.-JS
Jazz in the 1920s
Jazz, Jazz, Jazz. That was all you heard in cities of the U.S. People were all for Jazz. Jazz truly symbolized urban life. We all have heard Jazz before, we all know Louis Armstrong, well, did you know it all started in the 1920s (well… 1917). In 1917, Jazz was first introduced from New Orleans, it was a major hit, quickly spreading to major cities of the nation. Which is how New York and her Harlem became the city of the U.S. symbolizing jazz. The spreading of music was helped mainly because of the inventions such as the radio and phonograph, although the love of live music in clubs, and speakeasies also helped. The first records were released by companies such as Gennet, Paramount and Okeh Records who were willing to risk this new type of music to make profit. People loved this new type of music! Soon, motion pictures changed from silent to sound, the first sounded movie coming out in 1927, called of course, the Jazz Singer. Soon, many Jazz performers became wealthy and famous, including Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, and Jelly Roll Morton. Today, we look back and see how much jazz has influenced not only music but also life styles of today. We honour those great musicians like Louis Armstrong, and we can enjoy jazz that has evolved from the 1920s. We can now hear it everywhere, from T.V., to Radios, to live music, and even advertisements.-JS
Lifestyles of the Wealthy in the 1920s
The amount of wealthy people practically doubled from 1900 to 1929, mainly from the growing stock market including the risky buying of Bull Markets, the growth in the advertising industry, and the quick way to get rich or poor; the margin stock buying, which included borrowing stock to win up to 10% more money or lose up to 10% more money. In the 1920s, wealth was like the lottery. One day, you could suddenly become rich, but you could also become poor, like how the Great Depression started, people losing millions in just a single day. However, if you became rich in the 1920s, you knew your life was going to be pretty good. You really could almost buy happiness with money. Wealthy people wore luxurious clothes, women had looser clothes, the waist line was lowered, cardigans made of silk, fur, and rayon, and don’t forget the makeup! Men wore double vested suits, and khakis were a luxury at that time. Vacations were also only done by the wealthy. Most wealthy people owned yachts, it had to be 100 feet or longer to be called one. People had houses everywhere at the beach, in the mountains. People went to spas, pubs,and clubs, many drinking expensive alcoholic beverages (until Prohibition 1920-1933, they moved “underground”). Don’t forget the servants too, they were everywhere. They did everything from washing the clothes, preparing food, taking care of the children, and more! Some wealthier families had more than 8 servants! Automobiles were owned by almost all wealthy people, as cars such as the Model T were designed to be affordable by all people. However, the mobiles they owned may have been custom made, leather seats, fancy tires, maybe even painted a different colour than the standard black. Some famous wealthy families included the Rockefeller family, getting rich from the high demand of oil after WWI and the Kennedy family, from buying lots of stock. Today, although upper class families can be seen all throughout the U.S., compared to the lives of wealthy people in the 1920s, we are no match. Even some of the wealthiest people don’t have yacht as long as 100 feet, or 8 servants. Currently, middle-class citizens take up the majority of the U.S.-JS
KKK in the 1920s
The founding of the Ku Klux Klan was in 12/24/1865. The Ku Klux Klan is an American organization that primarily promotes hatred to all races that are not White and to non-protestant religions. There first leader Nathan Bedford Forrest, but the KKK knew him as the Imperial Wizard. He was actually the opposite of the KKK you here of today, he wanted to give different racial groups rights, but the rest of clan was not accepting of this idea and vetoed it. In 1869 the clan was disbanded by Nathan Bedford Forrest because they were getting violent and disobeying clan rules.-JM
One of the most famous American gangsters, Al Capone, also known as "Scarface," rose to fame as the leader of the Chicago mafia during the Prohibition era. Before being sent to Alcatraz Prison in 1931 from a tax evasion conviction, he had gained a personal fortune estimated at $100 million and was responsible for countless murders.-JM
Hall of Fame baseball player Lou Gehrig was born in New York City in 1903. Lou Gehrig was the only child to survive out of his family and he was the fourth child. He grew up in poverty and his dad struggled to stay sober. While his mother, a strong woman who was intent on creating a better life for her son, worked constantly, cleaning houses and cooking meals for wealthy New Yorkers. His first contract was with the New York Yankees in 1923. Over the next 15 years he led the team to six World Series titles and set the mark for most consecutive games played. He retired in 1939 because of ALS, and the disease is dedicated to him with the nickname Lou Gehrig’s disease..-JM
Al Capone 1920s
The radio in the 1920s not many people had the soon to be most used device. It was used for broadcasting elections results, sports scores, and the country/world news. The only problem with the radio was that no one had it and broadcasts didn’t go to many people. Then the Radio act of 1927 happened and everyone bought one, stores were filled with radios because they were such a hit. Nowadays we use the radio for music, talk shows, and sports. Its amazing what the radio has done for this country.-JM
During Prohibition, the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages were restricted or illegal. Prohibition was supposed to lower crime and corruption, reduce social problems, lower taxes needed to support prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America. Instead, Alcohol became more dangerous to consume; organized crime skyrocketed; courts and prisons systems became overloaded; and endemic corruption of police and public officials occurred.-JM
Farming in the 1920s
Farming during the 1920s was very different from farming today. Most people living in farms were locally owned by families that owned the farm from generations before. The rural were far away from everything the city had. This includes the modern inventions enjoyed by the city such as electricity, plumbing, and refrigerators. Gangs, flapper fashions, dancing, and jazz was also not seen in the rural areas, maybe in the movies they might, but again, movies weren’t in the rural either. Most farmers were still farming with horses and mules that pulled passive machines that plowed, planted, and harvested crop. Only a few manufacturers had begun building mechanized tractors, planters, cultivators, and harvesters. In 1921, there were over 200,000 tractors being used and 186 different companies remaking them. By 1930, almost all farms had traded their horses for tractors. In the 1920s, bug repellent was not even close to being produced and sold. All crops were Organic! However, they had to battle against the numerous plant diseases, insects and other pests because of this. t However, they did have the choice of picking the pests off… one at a time. “We used to pick potato bugs off the plants and put them in a can of gasoline!” said one farmer, Albert Friesen. The fertilizer of the 1920s were of course free… (I bet you can guess…). However, it had a large risk of disease when the crop was consumed. The only commercially manufactured fertilizer were adult corn root worm beetles…which was not widely used until the 1940s. In the 1920s, water was also very hard to get, and to get rid of. Many troubles came during droughts and heavy rainfall. To get water, the farmers could go to natural springs, dig wells, or simply pray that rain would fall. Ditches we made to control water during heavy rain. Windmills were also very significant to pump water to crops, livestock, and even the houses during the 1920s. It was not until the 1930s the farmers used gasoline and diesel to pump water. Today, farming is mainly done by machines. Most farms are now owned commercially, and almost all farms use modern day pesticides and other chemicals. However if you go deeper in the country, you may be lucky and see a farm, still using horses, still using windmills, a chunk of history, preserved from the 1920s.-JS
ROAR! ROAR! ROAR! In the Roaring Twenties, it really was as if you could hear the roar. From roaring new inventions, to eye-popping new foods and beverages, to naive achievements, to horrific events. The 1920s was the decade of dramatic change that changed the century forever. Everything in the nation seemed to switch from old to new. All that was old seemed to fade away… everything moved fast and swiftly, no chance to stay back, even through some tried. Anything seemed possible in the 1920s. From flying across the Atlantic, to creating a modern never before heard music, to revolutionizing food, to rich people popping up from all 50... or sorry, 48 states, from heroes of all kinds appearing, from bloody massacres, to more annoying ads to the devastating Ku Klux Klan, to Women's Rights to Prohibition, for the world to plead mercy for 2 men, for somebody to get trialed for teaching evolution, to the Red Scare, to the Stock Market Crash leading to the Great Depression, , to the Harlem Renaissance, to more cars, more gangs, to immigration policies, to farming, to inventions like the radio to.... OH GIVE ME A BREAK!!!! Now do you see what I mean? The 1920s was a truly exciting time period, no other decade can be compared to the 1920s and be as this overwhelming. Oh wow... the list of amazing things from the 1920s' have made me dizzy... oh here it comes... ROAR!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Advertising in the 1920s
Advertising in the 1920s started mainly from the mass industrial expansion of the 1880s. The mass production and the lowering of prices on goods meant that more and more items were available to people than ever before. As more and more things were invented, the more and more things went into ads. The advertisements evolved in this decade, from simply announcing the existence of a product in a dull and lame way to persuading and convincing the public that they needed and deserved the product. The muckrakers during the Great War had made advertising go down, but as Women got more rights, and African Americans from the South started getting better lives, the audience for the products suddenly went sky rocketing. As magazines such as the “Ladies Home Journal” and “The Saturday Evening Post” started getting published, advertisers suddenly had a new way to post ads. The radio also helped get the word out with advertising. As cars became more and more popular and roads were getting built, advertisers took advantage and built billboards as well. Today, advertising can be seen everywhere from billboards to T.V., to magazines, to websites. We can thank the 1920s for that. Thank you 1920s for those annoying ads…-JS
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http://1.usa.gov/1zpKA89 - use for photos, music, newspaper, articles, magazines (etc.)
http://nyti.ms/11U9sd3 - Use this for Newspapers… but they are in normal text format.
http://bit.ly/1pj1TaX - Information about jazz, radio, wealth, and other things.
http://bit.ly/11U9KR8 - Wealth
http://bit.ly/1vjxSsm- Farming Video 1
http://bit.ly/1vjy62E - Farming Video 2
http://bit.ly/1vjy9vp - Farming Video 3
http://bit.ly/1HEppoA - Jazz Rankings
http://bit.ly/1uxTjkh - Jazz Website
http://bit.ly/LLBDUp - Food Website
http://bit.ly/1CapfFe - Food Video
http://bit.ly/1ybMFpE - KKK website
http://bit.ly/1pNBulE - Lou Gehrig video
http://bit.ly/1vJbmLw - Louis Armstrong
http://bit.ly/1rMM0ch - Jazz Songs
http://bit.ly/1vb4liY -Ads in the 1920s