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The Louisiana Purchase and The Lewis & Clark Expedition

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Melanie Viajar

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of The Louisiana Purchase and The Lewis & Clark Expedition

The Louisiana Purchase
Possible Reasons Why Napoleon offered the Louisiana Territory
Just before Spain returned the territory, Spain closed the New Orleans to American shipping.
Thomas Jefferson then offered to buy New Orleans from Spain for $2 million to avoid war between Westerns, France and Spain.
In return, the French denied his offered. Jefferson then offered $10 million for New Orleans.
The French approved it, and also offered $5 million more the the rest of the Louisiana Territory (the land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains).
The entire Louisiana Territory was then sold to the U.S. for 15 million dollars (3 cents per acre) on April 30, 1803. The U.S. doubled its size over night because of the purchase.
Spain and France were negotiating for the ownership of the Louisiana territory in 1800.
After the French and Indian War, France has turn over the Louisiana territory - including New Orleans to Spain.
But in 1801, Spain signed a secret treaty with France to return Louisiana Territory to France's powerful leader, Napoleon.
The Louisiana Purchase and The Lewis & Clark Expedition
Lewis & Clark Expedition
Lewis & Clark Expedition
Sacagawea's Significance
Served as a guide
17 years old at the time
Translated for them when they met with other Indian tribes
Knowledge of landscape
The Difficulties of their Adventure
The Lasting Influence of the Louisiana Purchase
Before the Louisiana Purchase
At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, France lost all of its possessions in North America, dashing hopes of a colonial empire.
He needed money due to France's costly war against Britain.
He admired Jefferson’s determination to keep the ports of New Orleans open.
Napoleon did not want another French colony in America because they already had a French territory in the West Indies.
A revolt was led by Toussaint L’Ouverture, and it resulted it in disastrous losses.
The Secret Treaty
Louisiana Purchase Video
Doubled the size of the U.S., so there's more land for settlers.
The Mississippi River allowed more trade and transportation.
More jobs were available ranchers, farmers, traders, businessmen, miners, etc.
13 more states were eventually formed on the land acquired by the Louisiana Purchase
Population of America grew.
Start of Manifest Destiny

The Lasting Influence
Zebulon Pike's Expedition
In 1806, Lewis and Clark are assigned another task which is to venture off to the southern regions of Louisiana. However, this time it is led by Zebulon Pike. The mission was to find the sources of Arkansas and Red rivers. The Red river formed a boundary between Spanish territory and Louisiana. Instead of doing so, they ran into Rio Grande which was Spanish territory. This led them to getting arrested by Spanish troops. A year later in 1807, they were released.

Hostile natives
Wild animals
Famine
Extreme weather
Disease
Accurate maps
More resources = more power
Found over 100 animals and over 170 plants
Discovered information on the size, minerals and the geology of the unknown area
Establish relations with the Indian tribes
By: Jeffrey Huynh, Steven Van, Jennifer Ngo, & Melanie Viajar
Once Louisiana was purchased, Thomas Jefferson sent two men on an expedition in 1803 to explore the uncharted West in search of a water route. Meriwether Lewis was chosen to lead this expedition. Accompanying him, was his old friend, Lieutenant William Clark who was an experienced mapmaker and outdoorsmen. Clark was accompanied by his slave, York who was greatly admired for his hunting skills.
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