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Throat Cancer

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Heidy Lopez

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of Throat Cancer

By: Heidy Lopez
Anatomy and Physiology Throat Cancer What is Throat Cancer? Some of the causes that make throat cancer are the obvious. People who smoke or use tobacco are most likely to develop throat cancer. A combination of smoking and alcohol is a risk factor that will develop throat cancer. Many patients also need swallowing therapy after treatment to help them adjust to the changes in the structure of the throat. The goal for any type of cancer is to completely remove it or prevent it from spreading.
Treatments can include surgery or therapy depending on how it is and how far it has spread also the size of the tissue.
Symptoms When going to the doctor they must run a lot of exams in order to conclude that it is cancer
The doctor will perform a physical exam. This may show a lump on the outside of the neck.The doctor may use a small flexible camera insert it either through the nose or the mouth
Other tests may include:
Biopsy of suspected tumor
Chest x-ray
CT scan of chest
CT scan of head and neck
MRI of the head or neck is cancer tissue that forms in the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus Spread of the cancer to other body areas
Disfigurement of the neck or face
Airway obstruction
Loss of voice and speaking ability
Hardening of the skin of the neck
Difficulty swallowing Complications The Only way to avoid cancer is by avoiding tobacco and alcohol or limiting the amount of usage every day. Throat Cancer Causes Most cancers of the throat develop in adults older than 50. Men are 10 times more likely than women to develop throat cancers. Prevention Abnormal (high-pitched) breathing sounds
Coughing up blood
Difficulty swallowing
Hoarseness that does not get better in 1 - 2 weeks neck pain sore throat that does not get better in 1 - 2 weeks, even with antibiotics
Swelling or lumps in the neck
Unintentional weight loss Throat Cancer Test According to National Institute Cancer there have been about 3,650 people who have died from throat cancer. Treatments Board, A.D.A.M. Editorial. "Cancer - Throat or Larynx." Cancer - Throat or Larynx. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Nov. 0000. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002037/>.
"National Cancer Institute." Throat (Laryngeal and Pharyngeal) Cancer -. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/throat>.
"Read What Your Physician Is Reading on Medscape." EMedicineHealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.emedicinehealth.com/cancer_of_the_mouth_and_throat/article_em.htm>.
"Throat Cancer (Laryngeal or Larynx Cancer) Symptoms, Prognosis, Staging - MedicineNet.com." MedicineNet. Medicinenet.com, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.medicinenet.com/larynx_cancer/article.htm>.
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