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Spanish 3 Final Review

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Bailey Watts

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Spanish 3 Final Review

Obstacle 1 Obstacle 2 Obstacle 3 Goal Start Chapter 1 Spanish 3 Final Review By: Bailey Watts Chapter 3 Vocabulary El Cuepo (Body) La Boca- Mouth
El Brazo- Arm
La Cabeza- Head
El Corazon- Heart <3
El Cuello- Neck
El Cuepo- Body
El Dedo- Finger
El Dedo de Pie- Toe
El Estomago- Stomach
La Garganta- Throat
El Hueso- Bone
La Nariz- Nose
El Oido- (Sense of) Hearing; Inner Ear
El Ojo- Eye
La Oreja- (Outer) Ear
El Pie- Foot
La Pierna- Leg
La Rodilla- Knee
El Tobillo- Ankle Vocabulary La Salud (Health) El Accidente- Accident
El Antibiotico- Antibiotic
La Aspirina- Aspirin
La Clinica- Clinic
El Consultorio- Doctor's Office
El/La Dentista- Dentist
El/La Doctor(a)- Doctor
El Dolor (de Cabeza)- (Head)ache; Pain
El/La Enfermero/a- Nurse
El Examen Medico- Physical Exam
La Farmacia- Pharmacy
La Gripe- Flu
El Hospital- Hospital
La Infeccion- Infection
El Medicamento- Medication
La Medicina- Medicine
La Operacion- Operation
El/La Paciente- Patient
La Pastilla- Pill; Tablet
La Radiografia- X-ray
La Receta- Prescription
El Resfriado- Cold (illness)
La Sala de Emergencia(s)- Emergency Room
La Salud- Health
El Sintoma- Symptom
La Tos- Cough Vocabulary Verbos (Verbs) Caerse- To Fall Down
Danar- To Damage; To Break Down
Darse con- To Bump into; To Run into
Doler (o:ue)- To Hurt
Enfermarse- To Get Sick
Estar Enfermo/a- To Be Sick
Estornudar- To Sneeze
Lastimarse (el Pie)- To Injure (one's Foot)
Olividar- To Forget
Poner una Inyeccion- To Give an Injection
Prohibir- To Prohibit
Recetar- To Prescribe
Romper- To Break
Romperse (La Pierna)- To Break (one's Leg)
Sacar(se) un Diente- To Have a Tooth Removed
Ser Alergico/a (a)- To Be Alergic (To)
Sufrir una Enfermedad- To Suffer an Illness
Tener Dolor- To Have Pain
Tener Fibre- To Have a Fever
Tomar la Temperatura- To Take Someone's Temperature
Torcerse (o:ue) (El Tobillo) - To Sprain (One's Ankle)
Toser- To Cough Vocabulary Adjetivos (Adjectives) Congestionado/a- Congested; Stuffed Up
Embarazada- Pregnant
Grave- Grave; Serious
Mareado/a- Dizzy; Nauseated
Medico/a- Medical
Saludable- Healthy
Sano/a- Healthy Vocabulary Adverbios (Adverbs) Verdaderamente- Truly; Really
Generalmente- Generally
Simplemente- Simply
A Menudo- Often
A Tiempo- On Time
A Veces- Sometims
Ademas (De)- Furthermore; Besides
Apenas- Hardly; Scarcely
Asi- Like this; So
Bastante- Enough; Rather
Casi- Almost
Con Frecuencia- Frequently
De Nino/a- As a Child
De Vez en Cuando- From Time to Time
Despacio- Slowly
Menos- Less
Mientras- While
Muchas Veces- A lot; Many Times
Poco- Little
Por lo Menos- At Least
Pronto- Soon
Rapido- Quickly
Todos los Dias- Everyday The Imperfect Tense Ar
aba
abas
aba
abamos
aban Er
ia
ias
ia
iamos
ian Ir
ia
ias
ia
iamos
ian Ending
Yo
Tu
Ud./El/ Ella
Nosotros/as
Uds./Ellos/Ellas Hay- There is; There are Habia- There was; There were; There used to be Irregulars
Yo
Tu
Ud./El/Ella
Nosotros/as
Uds./Ellos/Ellas Ir- To Go
Iba
Ibas
Iba
Ibamos
iban Ser- To Be
Era
Eras
Era
Eramos
Eran Ver- To See
Veia
Veias
Veia
Veiamos
Veian Uses of Imperfect and Preterite Imperfect 1. Habitual or Repeated Actions
2. Events or Actions that were in progress
3. Physical Characteristics
4. Mental or Emotional States
5. Time-telling
6. Age Imperfect Preterite Imperfect VS Preterite 1. To express actions that are viewed by the speaker as completed 1. To describe an ongoing past action with no reference to its beginning or end 2. To express habitual past actions and events 2. To express the beginning or end of a past action 3. To narrate a series of past actions or events 3. To describe physical and emotional states or characteristics 4. Background information- time; weather; location 4. Specific Events Constructions with Se Se- Impersonal (passive voice; you, they, one) Se+verb You often see se in signs, advertisements, and directions. Se prohibe fumar Se prohibe nadar Se for Unplanned Events Se+Indirect object Pronoun+Verb+Subject Se me cayo la pluma. Singular pronoun needs to match singular subject Verbs commonly used with Se Caer- To fall; to drop
Danar- To damage; to break down
Olividar- To forget Perder (e:ie)- To lose
Quedar- To be left behind
Romper- To break Adverbs mente= english ly Adjective in feminine form+mente=Adverb Fabuloso- Fabulosa+mente= Fabulosamente Verbs that end in mente generally follow a verb Javier dibuja maravillosamente.
Javier draws wonderfully. Chapter 2 Vocabulary La Tecnologia (technology)

La Calculadora- Calculator
La Camara digital (de Video)- Digital (Video) Camera
El Canal- (TV) Channel
El Cibercafe- Cybercafe
La Contestadora- Answering Machine
El Control Remoto- Remote Control
El Disco Compacto- Compact Disk
El Estereo- Stereo
El Fax- Fax (machine)
El Radio- Radio (set)
El Reproductor de MP3- MP3 Player
El Telefono celular- Cell Phone
La Television por cable- Cable Television
El Televisor- Television Set
El Tocadiscos Compacto- Compact Disk Player
El Video(casete)- Video(cassette)
La Videocasetera- VCR
Apagar- To Turn Off
Funcionar- To Work
Llamar- To Call
Poner; Prender- To Turn Off
Sonar (o:ue)- To Ring
Descompuesto/a- Not Working; Out of Order
Lento/a- Slow
Lleno/a- Full Vocabulary La Computadora (Computer) El Archivo- File
Arroba- @ Symbol
El Cederron- CD-ROM
La Computadora (Portatil)- (Portable) Computer; (Laptop)
La Direccion Electronica- Email Address
El Disco Compacto- Compact Disk
La Impresora- Printer
Internet-Internet
El Mensaje de Texto- Text Message
El Monitor- (Computer) Monitor
La Pagina Principal- Home Screen
La Pantalla- Screen
El Programa de Computacion- Software
El Raton- Mouse
La Red- Network; Web
El Reproductor de DVD- DVD Player
El Sitio Web- Website
El Teclado- Keyboard
Borrar- To Erase
Descargar- To Download
Garbar- To Record
Guardar- To Save
Imprimir- To Print
Navegar (en Internet)- To Surf (the Internet)
Quemar- To Burn (a CD) Vocabulary El Carro (Car) La Autopista, La Carretera- Highway
El Baul- Truck
La Calle- Street
El Capo, El Cofre- Hood
El Carro, El Coche- Car
La Circulacion, El Trafico- Traffic
El Garaje, El Taller (Mecanico)- Garage; (Mechanic's) Repair Shop
La Gasolina- Gasoline
La Gasolinera- Gas Station
La Licencia de Conducir- Driver's License
La Llanta- Tire
El/La Mecanico/a- Mechanic
El Parabrisas- Windshield
La Policia- Police (Force)
La Velocidad Maxima- Speed Limit
El Volante- Steering Wheel
Arrancar- To Start
Arreglar- To Fix; To Arrange
Bajar(se) de- To Get Off of/ Out of (a Vehicle)
Conducir, Manejar- To Drive
Estacionar- To Park
Llenar (el Tanque)- To Fill (the Tank)
Parar- To Stop
Revisar (el Aceite)- To Check the Oil
Subir(se) a- To Get on/ Into (a Vehicle) Vocabulary Verbos (Verbs) Abrazar(se)- To Hug; To Embrace (Each Other)
Ayudar(se)- To Help (Each Other)
Besar(se)- To Kiss (Each Other)
Encontrar(se) (o:ue)- To Meet (Each Other); To Run into (Each Other)
Saludar(se)- To Greet (Each Other) Vocabulary Otras Palabras y Expresiones
(Other words and Expressions) Por Aqui- Around Here
Por Ejemplo- For Example
Por Eso- That's Why; Therefore
Por Fin- Finally Familiar Commands Affirmative tu commands= El/Ella present Indicative Hablar Verb- Present tense El/Ella= Affirmative Tu Habla Habla (tu) - = Irregular Tu Commands Decir- Di
Hacer- Haz
Ir- Ve
Poner- Pon Salir- Sal
Ser- Se
Tener- Ten
Venir- Ven Negative Tu Commands Present tense yo form-o+es (for ar verbs) or as (for er/ir verbs)= Negative Tu Commands Hablar- Hablo No Hables (tu) Habl es - + = Irregular Tu Commands Dar- No Des
Estar- No Estes
Ir- No Vayas
Saber- No Sepas
Ser- No Seas Por and Para Por is used to indicate... Para is used to indicate... Por VS Para 1. Motion or a general location 2. Duration of an action 3. Reason or motive for an action 4. Object of a search 5. Means by which something is done 6. Exchange or substitution 7. Unit of measurment 1. Destination 2. Deadline or a specific time in the future 3. Purpose goal + infinitive 4. Purpose + noun 5. The recipient of something 6. Comparison with others or an opinion 7. In the employ of Reciprocal Reflexives Express a shared or reciprocal action between two or more people or things Only the plural reflexive pronouns are used: nos & se Nos ayudamos cuando usamos la computadora. We help each other when we used the computer. Stressed Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural Mio

Tuyo

Suyo

Nuestro

Suyo Mia

Tuya

Suya

Nuestra

Suya Mios

Tuyos

Suyos

Nuestros

Suyos Mias

Tuyas

Suyas

Nuestras

Suyas Your; (of) Yours (form.); Their; (of) Theirs My; (of) Mine Your; (of) Yours (fam.) Your; (of) Yours (Form.); His; (of) His; Her; (of) Hers; Its Our; (of) Ours Definition When used with un/una they are similar to the english mine/yours/etc. Juancho es un amigo mio. Juancho is a friend of mine. They must agree in gender and number of the noun they modify Vocabulary Las Viviendas (Housing) La Afueras- Suburbs; Outskirts
El Alquiler- Rent (payment)
El Ama (m.,f.) de casa- Housekeeper; caretaker
El Barrio- Neighborhood
El Edificio de Apartamentos- Apartment Building
El/La Vecino/a- Neighbor
La Vivienda- Housing
Alquilar- To Rent
Mudarse- To Move (from one house to another) Vocabulary Los Muebles y otras Cosas (Furniture & other things) La Alfombra- Carpet; Rug
La Almohada- Pillow
El Armario- Closet
El Cartel- Poster
La Comoda- Chest of Drawers
Las Cortinas- Curtains
El Cuadro- Picture
El Estante- Bookcase; Bookshelves
La Lampara- Lamp
La Luz- Light
La Manta- Blanket
La Mesita- End Table
La Mesita de Noche- Night Stand
Los Muebles- Furniture
La Pared- Wall
La Pintura- Painting; Picture
El Sillon- Armchair
El Sofa- Couch; Sofa Vocabulary Los Cuartos y Otros Lugares (Rooms & other Places) El Altillo- Attic
El Bacon- Balcony
La Cocina- Kitchen
El Comedor- Dining Room
El Dormitorio- Bedroom
La Entrada- Entrance
La Escalera- Stairs; Stairway
El Garaje-Garage
El Jardin- Garden; Yard
La Oficina- Office
El Pasillo- Hallway
El Patio- Pation; Yard
La Sala- Living Room
El Sotano- Basement; Cellar Vocabulary Los Electrodomesticos (Electric Appliances) La Cafetera- Coffee Maker
La Cocina, La Estufa- Stove
El Congelador- Freezer
El Electrodomestico- Electric Appliance
El Horno (de Microondas)- (Microwave) Stove
La Lavadora- Washing Machine
El Lavaplatos- Dishwasher
El Refrigerador- Refrigerator
La Secadora- Clothes Dryer
La Tostadora- Toaster Vocabulary La Mesa (Table) La Copa- Wineglass; Goblet
La Cuchara- (Table or Large) Spoon
El Cuchillo- Knife
El Plato- Plate
La Servilleta- Napkin
La Taza- Cup
El Tenedor- Fork
El Vaso- Glass Vocabulary Los Quehaceres Domesticos (Household Chores) Arreglar- To Neaten; To Straighten Up
Barrer el Suelo- To Sweep the Floor
Cocinar- To Cook
Ensuciar- To Get (something) Dirty
Hacer la Cama- To Make the Bed
Hacer Quehaceres Domesticos- To do Household chores
Lavar (el Suelo, los Platos)- To Wash (the Floors, the Dishes)
Limpiar la Casa- To Clean the House
Pasar la Aspiradora- To Vacuum
Planchar (la Ropa)- To Iron (the Clothes)
Poner la Mesa- To Set the Table
Quitar la Mesa- To Clear the Table
Quitar el Polvo- To Dust
Sacar la Basura- To Take out the Trash
Sacudir los Muebles- To Dust the Furniture Vocabulary Verbos y Expresiones Verbales (Verbs & Expressions) Aconsejar- To Advise
Insistir (en)- To Insist (on)
Mandar- To Order
Recomendar (e:ie)- To Recommend
Rogar (o:ue)- To Beg; To Plead
Sugerir (e:ie)- To Suggest
Es Bueno que...- It's Good that...
Es Importante que...- It's Inportant that...
Es Malo que..- It's Bad that...
Es Mejor que...- It's Better that...
Es Necesario que...- It's Necessary that...
Es Urgente que...- It's Urgent that... Relative Pronouns Used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a common element, such as a noun or pronoun. La pintura que me regalaron mis padres es muy bonita. Mis padres me regalaron la pintura. La pintura es muy bonita. Relative Pronouns My parents gave me the painting. The painting is very beautiful. The painting that my parents gave me is very beautiful. That; Which; Who

Who; Whom; That

That Which; What Relative Pronoun Que

Quien(es)

Lo Que Meaning Refers to... Things or People

People

Idea, Situation, or Past Event A Good Grade! Ud. & Uds. Formal Commands Formal commands are used with people you address as Usted & Ustedes. Yo form - o + e or en (for ar verbs) or a or an (for er & ir verbs) Limpiar- Limpio Limpi = Limpien Verbs with irregular Yo forms maintain their irregularity. Irregular Formal Commands Infinitive Ud. Command Uds. Command Dar

Estar

Ir

Saber

Ser De

Este

Vaya

Sepa

Sea Den

Esten

Vayan

Sepan

Sean The Present Subjunctive Infinitive Present Indicative Verb Stem Present Subjunctive Hablar

Comer

Escribir Hablo

Como

Escribo Habl

Com

Escrib Hable

Coma

Escriba Verbs with irregular Yo forms show the same irregularity in all forms of the present subjunctive. Present Subjunctive of Stem-changing Verbs Ar and Er stem changing verbs have the same stem change as they do in the present indicative Ir stem changing verbs have the same stem change in the subjunctive as they do in the present indicative but the nosotros/as form undergoes a stem change as well. Irregular Verbs in the Present Subjunctive Dar Estar Ir Saber Ser Yo

Tu

Ud./El/Ella

Nosotros/as

Uds./Ellos/Ellas De

Des

De

Demos

Den Este

Estes

Este

Estemos

Esten Vaya

Vayas

Vaya

Vayamos

Vayan Sepa

Sepas

Sepa

Sepamos

Sepan Sea

Seas

Sea

Seamos

Sean Verb Subjunctive with Verbs of Will and Influence When the main clause contains an expression of will or influence, the subjunctive is required in the subordinate, provided that the two clauses have different subjects. Mi mama prefiere que yo saque la basura. Main Clause Verb of Will Subordinate
Clause Subjunctive Connector The infinitive is used with words or expressions of will and influence if there is no change of subject in the sentence. Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Vocabulary La Naturaleza (Nature) El Arbol- Tree
El Bosque (Tropical)- (Tropical; Rain) Forest
El Cielo- Sky
El Crater- Crater
El Desierto- Desert
La Estrella- Star
La Flor- Flower
La Hierba- Grass
El Lago- Lake
La Luna- Moon
La Naturaleza- Nature
La Nube- Cloud
La Piedra- Stone
La Planta- Plant
El Rio- River
La Selva, La Jungla- Jungle
El Sendero- Trail; Trailhead
El Sol- Sun
La Tierra- Land; Soil
El Valle- Valley
El Volcan- Volcano Vocabulary Los Animales (Animals) El Animal- Animal
El Ave, El Pajaro- Bird
El Gato- Cat
El Perro- Dog
El Pez- Fish
La Vaca- Cow Vocabulary El Medio Ambiente (Environment) La Conservacion- Conservation
La Contaminacion (del Aire; del Agua)- (Air; Water) Pollution
La Deforestacion- Deforestation
La Ecologia- Ecology
El Ecoturismo- Ecotourim
La Energia (Nuclear, Solar)- (Nuclear; Solar) Energy
El Envase- Container
La Extincion- Extinction
El Gobierno- Government
La Lata- (tin) Can
La Ley0 Law
La Lluvia (Acida)- (Acid) Rain
El Medio Ambiente- Environment
El Peligro- Danger
La Poblacion- Population
El Reciclaje- Recycling
El Recurso Natural- Natural Resource
La Solucion- Solution
Cazar- To Hurt
Conservar- To Conserve
Contaminar- To Pollute
Controlar- To Control
Cuidar- To Take Care of
Dejar de (+ inf.)- To Stop (Doing Something)
Desarrollar- To Develop
Descubrir- To Discover
Destruir- To Destroy
Estar Afectado/a (Por)- To be Affected (By)
Estar Contaminado/a- To be Polluted
Evitar- To Avoid
Mejorar- To Improve
Proteger- To Protect
Reciclar- To Recycle
Recoger- To Pick Up
Reducir- To Reduce
Resolver (o:ue)- To Breathe
De Aluminio- (Made) of Aluminum
De Plastico- (Made) of Plastic
De Vidrio- (Made) of Glass
Puro/a- Pure Vocabulary Las Emociones (Emotions) Alegrarse (de)- To be Happy
Esperar- To Hope; To Wish
Sentir (e:ie)- To be Sorry; To Regret
Temer- To Fear
Es Extrano- It's Strange
Es una Lastima- It's a Shame
Es Ridiculo- It's Ridiculous
Es Terrible- It's Terrible
Es Triste- It's Sad
Ojala (que)- I Hope (that); I Wish (that) Vocabulary Las Dudas y Certezas (Doubts & Certainties) (no) Creer- (not) To Believe
(no) Dudar- (not) To Doubt
(no) Negar (e:ie)- (not) To Deny
Es Imposible- It's Impossible
Es Improbable- It's Improbable
Es Obvio- It's Obvious
No Cabe Duda de- There is no Doubt that...
No Hay Duda de- There is no Doubt that...
(no) Es Cierto- It's (not) Certain
(no) Es Posible- It's (not) Possible
(no) Es Probable- It's (not) Probable
(no) Es Seguro- It's (not) Certain
(no) Es Verdad- It's (not) True Vocabulary Conjunciones (Conjugations) A Menos que- Unless
Antes (de) que- Before
Con Tal (de) que- Provided (that)
Cuando- When
Despues de que- After
En Caso (de) que- In Case (that)
En Cuanto- As Soon as
Hasta que- Until
Para que- So that
Sin que- Without
Tan Pronto Como- As Soon as The Subjunctive with Verbs of Emotion When the verb in the main clause of a sentence expresses an emotion or feeling, the subjunctive is required in the subordinate clause. Nos alegramos de que te gusten las flores. We are happy that you like the flowers. The expression ojala (que) is always followed by the subjunctive. The Subjunctive with Doubt, Disbelief, and Denial When the main clause implies negation or uncertainty, the subjunctive is always used in the subordinate clause. Es probabable que haya menos bosques y selvas en el futuro. It's probable that there will be fewer forests and jungles in the future. When there is no doubt or uncertainty, then the indicative is used in the subordinate clause. Es verdad que Colombia es un pais bonito. It's true that Colombia is a beautiful country. The Subjunctive with Conjunctions The subjunctive is used to express a hypothetical situation, uncertainty as to whether an action or event will take place, or a condition that may or may not be fulfilled. If the main clause expresses a future action or command, then the subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause. Vocabulary En la Ciudad (In the City) El Banco- Bank
La Carniceria- Butcher Shop
El Correo- Post Office
El Estacionamiento- Parking Lot
La Fruteria- Fruit Store
La Heladeria- Ice Cream Shop
La Joyeria- Jewelry Store
La Lavanderia- Laundromat
La Panaderia- Bakery
La Pasteleria- Pastry Shop
La Peluqueria, El Salon de Belleza- Beauty Shop
La Pescaderia- Fish Market
El Supermercado- Supermarket
La Zapateria- Shoe Store
Hacer Cola- To Stand in Line
Hacer Diligencias- To Run Errands Vocabulary En el Correo (In the Post Office) El Cartero- Mail Carrier
El Correo- Mail/ Post Office
El Paquete- Package
La Estampilla, El Sello- Stamp
El Sobre- Envelope
Echar (una Carta) al Buzon- To Put (a Letter) in the Mailbox; To Mail
Enviar, Mandar- To Send; To Mail Vocabulary En el Banco (In the Bank) El Cajero Automatico- ATM
El Cheque (de Viajero)- (Traveler's) Check
La Cuenta Corriente- Checking Account
La Cuenta de Ahorros- Savings Account
Ahorrar- To Save (Money)
Cobrar- To Cash (a Check)
Depositar- To Deposit
Firmar- To Sign
Llenar (un Formulario)- To Fill out (a Form)
Pagar a Plazos- To Pay in Installments
Pagar al Contado, en Effectivo- To Pay in Cash
Pedir Prestado/a- To Borrow
Pedir un Prestamo- To Apply for a Loan
Ser Gratis- To Be Free of Charge Vocabulary Las Direcciones (Directions) La Cuadra- (City) Block
La Direccion- Address
La Esquina- Corner
El Letrero- Sign
Cruzar- Cross
Dar Direcciones- To Give Directions
Doblar- To Turn
Estar Perdido/a- To Be Lost
Quedar- To Be Located
(al) Este- (To the) East
(al) Norte- (To the) North
(al) Oeste- (To the) West
(al) Sur- (To the) South
Derecho- Straight (Ahead)
Enfrente de- Opposite; Facing
Hacia- Toward The Subjunctive in Adjective Clauses Nosotros/as Commands Both Affirmative and Negative Nosotros/as commands are generally formed by using the first person plural form of the present subjunctive. Crucemos la calle. Let's cross the street. Vamos a + Infinitive also means Let's... but it also means we are going to... Past Participles Used as Adjectives Infinitive Stem Past Participle Bailar

Comer

Vivir Bail

Com

Viv Bailado

Comido

Vivido Ar Verbs add ado, Er and Ir Verbs add Ido Irregular Past Participles Abrir (To Open)- Abierto
Decir (To Say)- Dicho
Describir (To Discribe)- Descrito
Descubrir (To Discover)- Descubierto
Escribir (To Write)- Escrito
Hacer (To Do/Make)- Hecho
Ir (To Go)- Ido Morir (To Die)- Muerto
Poner (To Put)- Puesto
Resolver (To Resolve)- Resuelto
Romper (To Break)- Roto
Ver (To See)- Visto
Volver (To Return)- Vuelto
Ser (To Be)- Sido Chapter 6 Vocabulary El Bienestar (Well-being) El Bienestar- Well-being
La Droga- Drug
El/La Drogadicto/a- Drug Addict
El Masaje- Massage
El/La Teladicto/a- Couch Potato
Adelgazar- To Lose Weight/To Slim Down
Aliviar el Estres- To Reduce Stress
Aliviar la Tension- To Reduce Tension
Apurarse, Darse Prisa- To Hurry; To Rush
Aumentar de Peso, Engordar- To Gain Weight
Disfrutar (de)- To Enjoy; To Reap the Benefits (of)
Estar a Dieta- To be on a Diet
(no) Fumar- (not) To Smoke
Llevar una Vida Sana- To Lead a Healthy Lifestyle
Sufrir Muchas- To be Under a lot of Pressure
Tratar de- To Try and do Something
Activo/a- Active
Debil- Weak
En Exceso- In Excess; Too Much
Flexible- Flexible
Fuerte- Strong
Sedentario/a- Sedentary; Related to Sitting
Tranquilo/a- Calm; Quiet Vocabulary En el Gimnasio (In the Gym) La Cinta Caminadora- Teadmill
La Clase de Ejercicios Aerobicos- Aerobics Class
El/La Entrenador(a)- Trainer
El Musculo- Muscle
Calentarse (e:ie)- To Warm Up
Entrenarse- To Pracice; To Train
Estar en Buena Forma- To be in Good Shape
Hacer Ejercicio- To Exercise
Hacer Ejercicios Aerobicos- To do Aerobics
Hacer Ejercicios de Estiramiento- To do Stretching Exercises
Hacer Gimnasia- To Work Out
Levantar Pesas- To Lift Weights
Mantenerse en Forma- To Stay in Shape
Sudar- To Sweat Vocabulary La Nutricion (Nutrition) La Bebida Alcoholica- Alcoholic Beverage
La Cafeina- Caffeine
La Caloria- Calorie
El Colsterol- Cholesterol
La Grasa- Fat
La Merienda- Afternoon Snack
El Mineral- Mineral
La Nutricion- Mutrition
El/La Nutricionista- Nutritionist
La Proteina- Protein
La Vitamina- Vitamin
Comer una Dieta Equilibrada- To Eat a Balanced Diet
Consumir Alcohol- To Consume Alcohol
Descafeinado/a- Decaffeinated The Present Perfect Present Indicative of Haber Singular Forms Plural Forms Yo- He
Tu- Has
Ud./El/Ella- Ha Nosotros/as- Hemos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas- Han Subject Haber Past Participle..... Clara ha abierto las ventanas. Clara has opened the windows. Haber and the past participle can never be separated. Ellos no lo han terminado. They haven't finished it. The Past Perfect Yo- Habia
Tu- Habias
Ud./El/Ella- Habia
Nosotros/as- Habiamos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas- Habian Had done or what had occurred Antes de 2003, habia vivido en La Pez. Before 2003, I had lived in La Pez. ya- (already) it is used to indicate an action, event, or state had already occurred before another The Present Perfect Subjunctive Yo- Haya
Tu- Hayas
Ud./El/Ella- Haya
Nosotros/as- Hayamos
Uds./Ellos/Ellas- Hayan The Present Perfect is used to talk about what has happened. The subjunctive is used in an adjective (or subordinate) clause that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that either does not exist or whose existence is uncertain or indefinite. When the adjective clause refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that is clearly known, certain, or definite, the indicative is used. Necesito el libro que tiene informacion sobre Venezuela. I need the book that has information about Venezuela. Necesito un libro que tenga informacion sobre Venezuela. I need a book that has information about Venezuela.
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