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Solids, Liquids, Gases, and Plasma
Transcript of Solids, Liquids, Gases, and Plasma
presentation! Plasma A gas becomes a plasma when the addition of heat or other energy causes a significant # of atoms to release some of their electrons. Solids -Keep their shape even if you squash them, cut them, or twist them -Temp. varies depending on solid Particle energy: Molecules
move faster than solids, but
slower than gases. States of Matter -Atoms inside solids vibrate and barely move -Examples:
Ice -When heat is absorbed is gets hot and vibrates faster. When releases, solid get cold and barley vibrates -Melting point- 0 C
Freezing point- 0 C -Particles are tightly packed and only vibrate Liquids Liquid: State of matter in which molecules move freely among themselves, but do not tend to separate.
-Take shape of the container -Particles try to stick together
-Particles not as tightly packed as solids, but not as loose as gas particles. - Examples:
-Blood - When liquids reach 0 degrees Celsius it freezes into a solid. (This releases energy and is called freezing)
-When liquids reach 100 degrees Celsius it boils and transforms into a gas. (This absorbs energy and is called evaporation or vaporization.) Gases State of matter in which molecules spread apart from each other. -Spreads out to fill a container.
-Particles move freely Examples:
-Carbon Dioxide - Higher temps. = Farther spread out of particles (absorption of energy)
-Lower temps. = Particles become more tightly packed (release of energy called condensation) Particle Energy: Particles in gases spread out and flow freely. Examples:
-Solar Winds Plasma is also found in your blood stream