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U.S. Presidents

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Janesa Gallager

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of U.S. Presidents

The First Five Presidents Prior to becoming the first president of the United States, George Washington was a very well-known and respected man. He was a commander in chief during the Revolutionary War. Two years before becoming the first U.S. president, Washington attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia and was president of the committee that wrote the U.S. Constitution. He was elected in 1789 and is the only president in U.S. history to be elected unanimously by the electoral college. His accomplishments and character have led him to earn the name "Father of His Country".
During his eight years as president, Washington created and organized the presidential cabinet. Although he did not reside in Washington, D.C., he helped select the location and design of country's capital city. George Washington John Adams was very influential in the decision to declare independence from Britain, and he helped negotiate the treaty that ended the war. Adams was also one of the key men who drafted the Declaration of Independence.
Adams was elected the first vice president, serving under George Washington from 1789-1797. In 1797, he was elected the second United States president. He held this position for four years.
During his time as president, John Adams created a naval department, earning him the nickname "Father of the Navy". He also relocated his family to Washington, D.C., making him the first president to reside in both the capital city and in what would be the White House. John Adams Thomas Jefferson was a very influential man and accomplished great achievements prior to being elected president. He was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses, was governor of Virginia, and negotiated treaties to end the Revolutionary War while living as a diplomat in Europe. Jefferson founded the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, and his 10,000-book personal library led to the creation of the Library of Congress.
After serving as secretary of state under George Washington and vice president under John Adams, Thomas Jefferson ran for presidency in 1801. He defeated Adams but tied with Democratic-Republican nominee Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives had the role of breaking the tie, and they voted Jefferson into office. His inauguration was the first to be held in Washington, D.C. During his eight year presidency, Jefferson purchased the territory of Louisiana from France. This purchase doubled the size of the U.S. Thomas Jefferson James Madison is nicknamed "The Father of the Constitution" for his work on and help in the creation of the United States Constitution. He also served as a framer of the Bill of Rights. After eight years as secretary of state under Thomas Jefferson, Madison was elected the fourth president in 1809, a position he held for eight years.
Three years into his presidency, Madison asked Congress to declare war on Britain. The subsequent war, known as the War of 1812, lasted for three years and led to the British burning of the White House, Washington, D.C., and Baltimore in 1814. The War of 1812 ended in 1815, thanks to General Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans. James Madison James Monroe is known as the last patriot of the Revolutionary era whom also served as president. Prior to becoming president, he also was a delegate to the Continental Congress, governor of Virginia, a U.S. senator, and minister to Great Britain and France. He also aided Thomas Jefferson in the negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase.
Monroe was elected the fifth president of the United States in 1817, and he served until 1825. During his presidency, Monroe strengthened the size and power of the U.S., both internally and abroad. He oversaw westward expansion within the U.S., while also strengthening foreign policy with the creation of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. The Monroe Doctrine warned European countries against trying to colonize or intervene in the Western Hemisphere. James Monroe George Washington's uniform from the Revolutionary War Thomas Jefferson's desk, on which he wrote the Declaration of Independence Charred timber recovered from the White House. It is believed to be from the 1814 burning of Washington, D.C. Sources http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/timeline/pres_era/3_662.html
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/timeline/pres_era/3_663.html
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/timeline/pres_era/3_664.html
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/timeline/pres_era/3_665.html
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/timeline/pres_era/3_666.html
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/2b.html#2
http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/3a1.html#2000-6831
http://www.history.com/topics/george-washington
http://www.history.com/topics/thomas-jefferson
http://www.history.com/topics/james-monroe
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