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US History Timeline
Transcript of US History Timeline
1754-63 War between French and British for land where Britain ended up victorious. US History Timeline British Perspective: The British were happy that they completely wiped out the French from North America and gained new territories following the war's end. French/Indian Perspective: The French had lost all their land in North America and the Native Americans found the British harder to negotiate with than the French, thus losing land. Treaty of Paris
1763 A treaty that ended the French and Indian War, giving the British more land and kicking France out of North America. British Perspective: British were ecstatic after winning the war and controlling more land in North America. Colonial Perspective: French upset for losing territories, but Spanish happy to gain new territory. The Sugar Act
1764 A British act that taxed molasses and any violators of the act would be tried by a single British judge. British Perspective: The British needed money for the cost of the war and thought the Sugar Act was a good way to raise money. Colonial Perspective: Merchants were unhappy and thought the act would have them make less money. They thought Parliament had no right to tax them without the colonists being represented. The Stamp Act
1765 An act that put taxes on papers and documents, a stamp would be put on the papers to show that the person paid the tax. British Perspective: Still looking to raise money for the war, the British hoped this tax would get them more money. Colonial Perspective: A protest group called "The Sons of Liberty" was created to protest the act and it was eventually repealed in 1766 from a boycott on British goods. Stamp Act Congress
1765 http://www.ushistory.org/us/10a.asp A meeting, suggested by James Otis, between colonists to decide how to respond to the new taxes implied by the British. British Perspective: Angry that the colonists would come together and revolt against the new acts. Colonial Perspective: Good to have meeting and develop one view on how to approach and revolt against the new taxes, which ended up working by having the Stamp Act repealed. The Declaratory Act
1766 An act that made it so the colonies and people of America were bound by Britain no matter what. British Perspective: This act was a British attempt to maintain control in the colonies and send a message for no more revolts. Colonial Perspective: They saw it as an attempt for British to take complete control of them and they did not like it at all. The Quartering Act
1766 http://www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/conwell/revolution/stamp.htm An act passed by the British which forced colonists to provide shelter and supplies for British troops. British Perspective: The act was also a tax because the colonists had to give food and pay for the British soldiers supplies, the British still needed money for the war. Colonial Perspective: They opposed the act because the British thought that the colonists needed to pay for protection from the French while the colonists didn't think they needed protection. The Townshend Acts
1767 An act that taxed goods coming in from Britain, the big tax was tea. British Perspective: Wanting to protect officers and make more money from the war. Colonial Perspective: They protest "No taxation without representation" and boycott the new taxed goods. John Dickinson Political activist in the 1760s and was very influential to other people in the colonies and attending many congresses against Britain. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/dickinson.htm British Perspective: The British were not a fan of his because he met in colonies meeting but he did not support a separation from the British. Colonial Perspective: Glad he helped with the meetings but upset he did not want the separation from Britain and that he did not sign the Declaration of Independence. The Boston Massacre
1770 A killing of five colonists by British troops after a mob gathered in front of a tax collectors house and various items were thrown at these troops. British Perspective: The British troops claim that they shot to save their lives because clubs were being thrown at them and that it was in self defense. Colonial Perspective: The colonists claim the troops shot for no reason and the troops were then tried for murder and were found not guilty, much to the colonists dismay. The Tea Tax
1773 An act made to save the British East India tea company by allowing the company to sell to colonists tax free but kicking out colonial tea merchants. British Perspective: This was to make more of their own money and cut out the colonists being able to make money on tea, thus more money for Britain's company. Colonial Perspective: Colonists protested the new act because they wanted to buy their own tea and not help out the British anymore. The Boston Tea Party
1773 An event where colonists dressed up as Native Americans and dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into the Boston harbor in revolt of the Tea Act. British Perspective: King George III was outraged by this revolting and passed new acts. Tea was very expensive those days and that many chests gone cost the British a lot of money! Colonial Perspective: This was a big event in revolting to the British and made many colonists proud to have revolted in such a drastic manner. Their mission was successful in losing the British money and making them angry. The Committees of Correspondence Underground governments run by the colonists to set up how to revolt against the tyrannical British. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/coc.htm British Perspective: The British were obviously not fans of these meetings because they would go against their acts and laws by outrageous revolts. Colonial Perspective: These committees were very important to the success of the revolution because people could come together as one and have the same ideas, thus leading to better results in revolting. The Intolerable Acts
1774 An act that shut down Boston harbor and allowed British commanders to put soldiers in empty private homes. British Perspective: King George III put this in action to tighten his control on the colonies and gain more power over them to show them who is superior. Colonial Perspective: The colonists were beyond angry with these new acts and created the First Continental Congress to protest these acts. The First Continental Congress
1774 A meeting between 56 delegates in Philadelphia that made the declaration of colonial rights stating the colonies should fight back. British Perspective: The British knew that the colonists were about to go to war and went to Lexington to steal war supplies from the colonists. Colonial Perspective: After the congress colonists started to prepare for war by having minutemen and more weapons with gunpowder. The Second Continental Congress
1775 A meeting between colonial leaders which ended up nominating George Washington leader of the Colonial Army. British Perspective: The British were now in the war and aware that the colonists selected George Washington as the leader. They were nervous with the new fire in the colonists eyes. Colonial Perspective: Some people in the meeting wanted to still stay on Britain's side but people ultimately agreed with the war and now colonists were more passionate about the war then ever. All sources not cited were found in the text book which is cited.