Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

South Africa: History, Government & Current Political Issues

No description
by

Julia Winer

on 16 January 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of South Africa: History, Government & Current Political Issues

1960
Sharpeville Massacre
1809
1963: Mandela and others sentenced to life in prison

1967: Internal Security Act

1968: Afrikaans-speaking Nationalists filled virtually all senior government positions; similar rise in public sector.
1974: U.N. adopted resolution: four anti-apartheid norms
1960
1970
1650
1880
South Africa:
History, Government & Current Political Issues

Team 1
Ed Omondi, Nick Parian, Sandi Perillo,
Brian Walsh, Julia Winer

1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1980
1990
2000
2010
1700
1750
1850
17th Century: Dutch East India Company establishes small fort at Table Bay.
French and Dutch settle from Europe to escape religious persecution
1795: British arrive
British capture Cape Peninsula from the Dutch and establish first crown colony.
1867: Diamonds first discovered by young boy near Vaal River.
Diamonds and gold discovered
1897: Transvaal Region flooded with prospectors and mine near Kimberley becomes world’s most important source of diamonds.
1900: Diamonds and gold make up 65% of South Africa’s exports.
Boer War between British and Boers; British win.
1899-1902
Constitution written which segregates whites and blacks
1909
1911: Mines and Workers Act (gave white workers monopoly on all skilled positions)
South African Native National Congress (SANNC) formed
1912
1913: Natives Land Act
United Party (UP) established
1934
Afrikaner National Party (NP) formed and seized control from UP.
Apartheid Begins
1952: Pass Laws implemented
1949: Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act
1950: Immorality Act; Population Registration Act; Group Areas Act;
Suppression of Communism Act
1952: Defiance Campaign
U.N. resolution denouncing apartheid
1952
1948
1953: Black Education Act
Conference of the People; Riotous Assemblies Act; Mandela & Leaders Arrested
1955-1956
Ousted from U.N. Security Council
1974
Massacre at Soweto
(500-1000 deaths).
1976
1977: Steve Bilko assassinated.
1977: Sullivan Principles introduced.
Black trade unions legalized
1979
1984: Universities open to nonwhites
1985: COSATU formed
National citizenship for blacks granted & pass laws repealed
1985-86
1985: Prohibition of Mixed Marriage Act repealed
1986: US Congress passed the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act
1986/87: Kodak and IBM pull out of South Africa
F. W. de Klerk, President of NP.

1989
1990: Ban Lifted on Political Parties
Vote to End Apartheid
1992
1990: Nelson Mandela released
1994
New constitution & first democratic elections (ANC victory); Mandela president
1994: Reconstruction and Development Program started.
1995: Truth and Reconciliation Committee chaired by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, created by Parliament’s National Truth and Unity Act
1996: de Klerk withdrew the NP from the GNU ending the experiment in power-sharing, creating an opposition party, and leaving the ANC to govern alone.

Second democratic election; Thabo Mbeki president (ANC)
1999
2004: Third democratic election. Thabo Mbeki wins. Democratic Alliance party retains position as official opposition.
2008: Mbeki resigns after losing presidency of ANC to Jacob Zuma, Kgalema Motlin steps up as ‘caretaker’ president.

2004
Third democratic election
2009
Fourth democratic election: Jacob Zuma president (ANC)
1800
2015
13 Political Parties Represented in Parliament
Approximately 80 Parties Not Represented
National Assembly Seats
Approximately 35 Defunct Political Parties
United Party (UP): Ruling party from 1934-1948. Dissolved in 1977.

National Party (NP): Ruling Party from 1948-1994. Dissolved in 2005.
Current Government
Current Government
Government
Democratic Party becomes official opposition to ANC
Current Political Issues
Poverty
Unemployment
Corruption amongst government top officials
Inequality/ lack of service delivery & infrastructure
Civil unrest & violent protests
AIDS/HIV
- Rise in power earned him the name "people’s president"
- Credibility almost damaged by his private life: corruption, polygamy, rape
- Regime accused of doing less to change SA’s economic policy
- Accusations of not doing enough to help the poor

Current Leadership
President: Jacob Zuma
Party: ANC
Background:
(born April 12, 1942)
Elected: 2009
(currently second term)
- Served as Deputy President (1999–2005); President of the African National Congress (ANC) since 2007.
Crime

Doing Business 2015 Rank 43
An economy’s distance to frontier is reflected on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 represents the frontier.

Business in South Africa
Introduced by: Minister Ebrahim Patel
Released: November 23, 2010
Create five million jobs over the next 10 years:
- Enhancing growth
- Employment creation
- Equity
Framework of the New Economic Growth Path
Business in South Africa
Doing Business 2014 Rank 37
Four Major Political Parties in History
African National Congress
United Party
National Party
Democratic Party/ Alliance
References
Rawi Abdelal, Debora Spar, Katherine E. Cousins, Harvard Business School Publishing, “Remaking the Rainbow Nation: South Africa”
Richard H. K. Vietor, Diego Comin, Harvard Business School Publishing, “South Africa (A): Stuck in the Middle?”
Wikipedia, “List of political parties in South Africa”
http://sanweb.lib.msu.edu/DMC/African%20Journals/pdfs/transformation/tran034/tran034002.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Alliance_%28South_Africa%29
http://www.leader.co.za/article.aspx?s=1&f=1&a=2893
An Overview of The Political Economy Of South Africa, pg 5, Kim Coretzee, Roz Daniel, Sean Woolfrey
http://www.gov.za/issues/new-growth-path
Seven Reason Why Africa’s Time Is Now, Jonathan Berman
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/555568/South-Africa
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1113190/Jacob-Zuma
http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploreeconomies/south-africa
http://www.anc.org.za/show.php?id=206
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/8309/African-National-Congress-ANC
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/616514/United-Party-UP
http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/reunited-national-party-founded-malan-and-hertzog
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/405219/National-Party-NP
http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/democratic-party-now-democratic-alliance-formed
Getting Electricity
Full transcript