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South Africa: History, Government & Current Political Issues
Transcript of South Africa: History, Government & Current Political Issues
1963: Mandela and others sentenced to life in prison
1967: Internal Security Act
1968: Afrikaans-speaking Nationalists filled virtually all senior government positions; similar rise in public sector.
1974: U.N. adopted resolution: four anti-apartheid norms
History, Government & Current Political Issues
Ed Omondi, Nick Parian, Sandi Perillo,
Brian Walsh, Julia Winer
17th Century: Dutch East India Company establishes small fort at Table Bay.
French and Dutch settle from Europe to escape religious persecution
1795: British arrive
British capture Cape Peninsula from the Dutch and establish first crown colony.
1867: Diamonds first discovered by young boy near Vaal River.
Diamonds and gold discovered
1897: Transvaal Region flooded with prospectors and mine near Kimberley becomes world’s most important source of diamonds.
1900: Diamonds and gold make up 65% of South Africa’s exports.
Boer War between British and Boers; British win.
Constitution written which segregates whites and blacks
1911: Mines and Workers Act (gave white workers monopoly on all skilled positions)
South African Native National Congress (SANNC) formed
1913: Natives Land Act
United Party (UP) established
Afrikaner National Party (NP) formed and seized control from UP.
1952: Pass Laws implemented
1949: Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act
1950: Immorality Act; Population Registration Act; Group Areas Act;
Suppression of Communism Act
1952: Defiance Campaign
U.N. resolution denouncing apartheid
1953: Black Education Act
Conference of the People; Riotous Assemblies Act; Mandela & Leaders Arrested
Ousted from U.N. Security Council
Massacre at Soweto
1977: Steve Bilko assassinated.
1977: Sullivan Principles introduced.
Black trade unions legalized
1984: Universities open to nonwhites
1985: COSATU formed
National citizenship for blacks granted & pass laws repealed
1985: Prohibition of Mixed Marriage Act repealed
1986: US Congress passed the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act
1986/87: Kodak and IBM pull out of South Africa
F. W. de Klerk, President of NP.
1990: Ban Lifted on Political Parties
Vote to End Apartheid
1990: Nelson Mandela released
New constitution & first democratic elections (ANC victory); Mandela president
1994: Reconstruction and Development Program started.
1995: Truth and Reconciliation Committee chaired by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, created by Parliament’s National Truth and Unity Act
1996: de Klerk withdrew the NP from the GNU ending the experiment in power-sharing, creating an opposition party, and leaving the ANC to govern alone.
Second democratic election; Thabo Mbeki president (ANC)
2004: Third democratic election. Thabo Mbeki wins. Democratic Alliance party retains position as official opposition.
2008: Mbeki resigns after losing presidency of ANC to Jacob Zuma, Kgalema Motlin steps up as ‘caretaker’ president.
Third democratic election
Fourth democratic election: Jacob Zuma president (ANC)
13 Political Parties Represented in Parliament
Approximately 80 Parties Not Represented
National Assembly Seats
Approximately 35 Defunct Political Parties
United Party (UP): Ruling party from 1934-1948. Dissolved in 1977.
National Party (NP): Ruling Party from 1948-1994. Dissolved in 2005.
Democratic Party becomes official opposition to ANC
Current Political Issues
Corruption amongst government top officials
Inequality/ lack of service delivery & infrastructure
Civil unrest & violent protests
- Rise in power earned him the name "people’s president"
- Credibility almost damaged by his private life: corruption, polygamy, rape
- Regime accused of doing less to change SA’s economic policy
- Accusations of not doing enough to help the poor
President: Jacob Zuma
(born April 12, 1942)
(currently second term)
- Served as Deputy President (1999–2005); President of the African National Congress (ANC) since 2007.
Doing Business 2015 Rank 43
An economy’s distance to frontier is reflected on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 represents the frontier.
Business in South Africa
Introduced by: Minister Ebrahim Patel
Released: November 23, 2010
Create five million jobs over the next 10 years:
- Enhancing growth
- Employment creation
Framework of the New Economic Growth Path
Business in South Africa
Doing Business 2014 Rank 37
Four Major Political Parties in History
African National Congress
Democratic Party/ Alliance
Rawi Abdelal, Debora Spar, Katherine E. Cousins, Harvard Business School Publishing, “Remaking the Rainbow Nation: South Africa”
Richard H. K. Vietor, Diego Comin, Harvard Business School Publishing, “South Africa (A): Stuck in the Middle?”
Wikipedia, “List of political parties in South Africa”
An Overview of The Political Economy Of South Africa, pg 5, Kim Coretzee, Roz Daniel, Sean Woolfrey
Seven Reason Why Africa’s Time Is Now, Jonathan Berman