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Transcript of Archeology
Good-morning / afternoon 3/4HE today I'm going to talk about Archaeology, firstly archeology is NOT the study of dinosaurs. If you thought it was, you were probably confused with paleontology (the study of fossils/dinosaurs.) Today I'm going to talk about archaeology what it is , what it has done for the world and much more...
What is archaeology?
Archaeology is the study of ancient and recent human past through material remains. It is a subfeild of anthropology ( the study of all human cultures like Indian, Sri Lankan, culture and even egyptian.)
Types of archaeology:
Prehistoric archaeology- things that didn't have a record e.g. The Stone Age.
Historical archaeology- times when there was some sort of record e.g. The Egyptians.
Biblical archaeology- proof that things in The New & Old Testament were true e.g. Jesus.
Under-water archaeology- physical remains of human activities under-water, also includes Maritime archaeology which includes ship-wrecks.
The 5 most famous archeological finds:
- Probably the most important archaeological discovery in the 21st century. It is almost like a giant grave, it contains the remains of 1.9 million year-old humans it is found in Eastern Africa . It shows the process of the evolution of man, it even
shows evidence of human scavenging (as
in teeth marks on bones instead of cut
- was the 12th king of
Egypt and he died the age of only 18. His tomb in Egypt, in the valley of the kings was discovered by a famous archaeologist named Howard Carter in 1922. King Tut is best remembered for his ancient and priceless treasures.
As Howard Carter said ' Slowly from the mist strange animals, statues and gold - everywhere a glint of gold .'
The caves of Altimara
- were found in Spain. They were accidentally found by the amateur achaeologist Marcelino Sanz de Sautuia lead by his 12 year old daughter. This discovery for-ever changed the way we thought about
about the Stone Age before this find, us modern humans thought that Stone agers didn't have the brain capacity to produce a single piece of art.
Here's a short clip about the Caves of Altamira:
Dead sea scrolls
- were found on the shore of the Dead Sea. Just so
you know, the Dead Sea is so salty
you could float in it. Dead Sea scrolls
were biblical documents that contained
the stories of the Bible.
The Pilate stone
- was discovered in June 1961 in a place called Caesarea ( part of Judea.) on it, it said ' To the divine Agusti [this]. Tiberleium ... Pontius Pilate .. Perfect of Judea ... Dedicated this ' This was the first evidence of the biblical Pontius Pilate.
An archaeologist's tool kit:
Here are some of the many tools archeologists use in excavation:
Pick & shovel
Whisk & dust-pan
Now here's a quiz:
Who discovered King Tuts tomb?
Where are the Caves of Altamira?
What sort of documents were Dead Sea Scrolls?
What does the Pilate Stone show evidence of?
What is archaeology?
Thank-you for listening to my presentation. I hope you learnt something new about archaeology and what it is how it's not the study of dino bones . Feel free to give my some feed-back when I'm done.