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Martin Luther King Jr.
Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr.
Admitted at 15 to Morehouse College
Studied Medicine and Law
Inspired by mentor and pursued ministry instead.
Received a better education than the average African American child
By: Brielle Muhonen
Born January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia
Mother: school teacher
Met future wife and singer Coretta Scott in Boston while working on graduate degree
Earned a Bachelors & Doctorates in Theology
Settled in Montgomery, Alabama and had four children
Second of three children
His schools were segregated
Segregation During MLK's Time
Jim Crow Laws
State and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.
Ku Klux Klan
Secret society organized in the South after the Civil War who sought to prove and enforce white supremacy by means of terrorism.
Activists planned Bus Boycott
MLK Jr. chosen to be the protest's leader and spokesperson
Lasted 381 days
Put economic strain on bus system and business owners
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Founded in 1957 by MLK Jr. and other civil rights activists
Mission: achieving full equality for African Americans through nonviolence
Motto: “Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed.”
The Birmingham Campaign of 1963
King's role as SCLC President:
lecturing on nonviolent protest and civil rights
meeting with religious figures, activists and political leaders.
To protest segregation laws in the city
Birmingham Campaign Cont.
President John F. Kennedy -"The events in Birmingham... have so increased the cries for equality that no city or state or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them."
Ended with a victory in May of 1963:
"White Only" and "Black Only" signs removed
Lunch counters desegregated
"Negro job improvement plan" implemented
Demonstrators including MLK Jr., released from jail
Biracial committee created to monitor the agreement
King wrote Letter From Birmingham Jail while in
jail during the Birmingham Campaign
Birmingham Campaign Resolution
King and other demonstrators were arrested
for not having a parade permit
Rosa Parks and the Bus Boycott
December 1, 1955-Rosa Parks (secretary of local NAACP chapter) refused to give up her seat to white passenger on Montgomery bus and was arrested.
March on Washington
August 28, 1963
More than 200,000 people gathered in Washington for speeches (I Have A Dream Impromptu by MLK Jr.), songs,and prayers to dramatize the right of black Americans to political and economic equality.
Success and Safety
January 30, 1956-
MLK Jr.'s home bombed
End of Life
drive by shooting at King Home
Nobel Peace Prize 1964
Authored Multiple Books
April 4, 1968-King fatally shot on balcony of a motel in Memphis, where he had traveled to support a sanitation workers’ strike.
1983-President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating MLK holiday.
Observed on the third Monday of January
First celebrated in 1986.
Questions For You
Please use this Prezi as a reference and answer the following questions in written form in your journal. Please choose one question to respond to on the classroom discussion blog under MLK Jr. Prezi. Respond to 2 other posts.
1. How are the times you have grown up in different from MLK Jr's time?
2. What is one thing you learned about MLK Jr. that you didn't know?
3. How did MLK Jr. work towards desegregation and equal rights?
4. Was MLK's approach to protest non-violent or violent? Do you think his approach was most effective?
5. What are your thoughts on the Birmingham Campaign video?
6.Write a paragraph or longer message you would like to send to MLK Jr. if you were able to.