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Gorilla

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by

Maria Bhea

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Gorilla

The

Scientific
Classification
Kindom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Sub Phylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Superfamily: Hominoidea
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Tribe: Gorillini
Genus: Gorilla
Species: Gorilla

By: Bhea
Adao

Physical Characteristics
Height
Weight
Colour
An adult male gorilla
weighs
135-180 kg. (298-400 lbs)

An adult female gorilla
weighs
68-113 kg (150-249 lbs)
Gorillas have a brownish
black coat.




An adult female gorilla's
height is 1.4 to 1.5 m.
( 4.5 to 5 ft )

An adult male gorilla's
height is 1.7 to 1.8 m.
( 5.6 to 5.9 ft)
Lifespan
The average lifespan of a gorilla is 30-50 years.

Gorillas usually live longer when in captivity
than in the wild.
Gorillas are largest of all
primates.
Since gorillas grow gray hair like humans adult male gorillas are also referred to as silver backs. They are called this because of the the silver hair that grows on the gorillas back.

Gorillas are
mammals, so they are warm
blooded.
Gorillas have long arms and shorter legs. They also have a bulky body and a wide chest.
Gorillas have fur all over their bodies except their fingers, palms, face, underarms, and the soles of their feet.
Much like humans, gorillas have 5 fingers with an opposable thumb on one hand. And 5 toes with an opposable big toe on one foot.
Diet
leaves
roots
vines
fruits
seeds
tree bark
plants bulbs
bamboo shoots
flowers
termites
ants
etc
Gorillas don't drink water very often because they usually get the amount of water they need from their diet.
Habitat
Gorillas are terrestrial animals.
Gorillas live in rain forests in western Africa.
Movement
Gorillas crawl on their hands and feet, they rarely walk using their legs. They also climb trees.
Respiration
Gorillas breath using their lungs.
Adaptations
Long arms
Bulky Body

Gorilla
Wide Chest
Sharp Teeth
Nose
Fingers

Toes
Tiny ears
Reproduction
Gorillas are able to reproduce when they are 10-15 years old.
Their mating season is year round and only the silver back gorilla has the right to mate. Their gestation lasts for about 8.5 months. Female gorillas usually give birth to only one baby each time with the rare chance of twins. Female gorillas give birth around every four years.





Newborns
Newborn gorilla babies are a grey colour
and have little to no hair on their bodies, weighing only 3-4 lbs.
-Male gorillas begin to grow silver hair at around 13 years old.


-Gorillas leave their mothers when they are 3-4 years old.
Interesting Facts
can be indentified by their noseprint and their fingerprints
live in groups called troops
are able to see in colour
communicate using gestures, sounds, posture and even facial expressions
cry with sounds rather than tears
are ticklish and can laugh when tickle
etc
Two gorillas (Micheal and Koko) were taught how to use sign language to communicate with humans.
Koko the gorilla is the only gorilla that uses sign language today. She can also understand spoken language. Koko herself taught her adoptive brother gorilla named Micheal how to sign, but Micheal sadly passed away.

Micheal was able to express his feelings through art.
Apple Chase
Threats

They are endangered due to:
Habitat loss
Poaching
Dieseases
Climate Change
Predators

Gorillas are an endangered species.
CITATIONS
www.seaworld.org
www.defenders.org
www.enchantedlearning.org
en.wikipedia.org
www.gorillas-world.com
www.koko.org
www.youtube.com
www.google.com
Behavior
Gorillas are the quiet, gentle, laid back type. They don't really like to start fights, they are also non-territorial. The head of a group of gorillas, called a troop, is the silver back. The silver back gorilla is usually much more aggressive than other troop members. The silver back gorilla also make all the group decisions and gets most of the food.
Thanks for watching!
-Gorillas begin crawling when they are 4 or 5 months old and begin to eat a vegetation diet when they are about 6-7 months old.
Full transcript