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Culture Project

Culture project for ATL (approaches to learning)

abi harmsworth

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of Culture Project


What it means
to me? By Abi Harmsworth My Video of Quotes in which I feel define different peoples opinions of Culture. Definition:
Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. Ireland Although I have no Biological family in Ireland, my brothers girlfriend is Irish. The Shamrock:
This iconic Irish symbol was also called "seamroy" by the Celts, and it was a sacred plant in ancient Ireland because it symbolized the rebirth of spring.
By the seventeenth century, the shamrock had become a symbol of emerging Irish nationalism. As the English began to seize Irish land and make laws against the use of the Irish language and the practice of Catholicism, many Irish began to wear the shamrock as a symbol of their pride in their heritage and their displeasure with English rule. Theresa is from Donegal located North West in Ireland, it is often called the 'forgotten country' however it is one of Ireland's most beautiful countries.
Tory Island off of Donegal has a King. This is a unique tradition that does not exist anywhere else in Ireland. The current Rí Thoraí (Irish for King of Tory) is painter, Patsaí Dan Mac Ruaidhrí (Patsy Dan Rodgers in English).
The king has no formal powers; though duties include being a spokesperson for the island community and welcoming people to the island. The total population of the Island is under 200. River Dancing The river dance is a theatrical show consisting of traditional Irish step dancing, known for its rapid leg movements while body and arms are kept largely stationary, however it also features Spanish, Russian and folk tap dance. Irish traditional music includes many kinds of songs, including drinking songs, ballads and laments, sung unaccompanied or with accompaniment by a variety of instruments. Traditional dance music includes reels, hornpipes and jigs. This video shows traditional folk music of Ireland England Well, isn't it very English to have a 'cuppa tea'?
or have fish 'n' chips down the coast?
how about watching good ol' English TV?

No, it's all about how we act in snow.... Canada vs England?
When it comes to snow we panic, and force our cars onto the roads.... The solution to England's snowy crisis's....find other means of transport However, times have moved on and music has changed, even though you can still find traditional music played throughout Ireland, one of the more popular bands, is the alternative rock band, The Script... It's all about the cheese! England is known for its regional cheeses, including:
Cheddar cheese
Stilton cheese
Wensleydale cheese
Lancashire cheese
Dorset Blue Vinney cheese
Cheshire cheese
Double Gloucester cheese
Red Leicester
Blue cheese To me, I love music...therefore I feel proud to say music is apart of my culture, throughout the centuries England has a long and rich musical history.
However English music has been an instrumental and leading part of this phenomenon, which peaked at the end of the 1960s and into the 1970s.
To me, our musical culture are bands like: The Beatles
The Rolling Stones
The Who
Led Zeppelin
Black Sabbath
Iron Maiden
The Police
David Bowie
Def Leopard
Adam Ant And in more recent year;
Blur Literature, well what can we say about that except....one man in history? William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright.... British Punk in the 1970's Punk Rock was thought to have been originally started in the United States between 1974-1976 by the Ramones.
However this then influenced the pub rock scene, with bands like the Sex Pistols and The Clash, along with others who then started off the British Punk.
Its thought that the difference between British and American punk is that, the British Punks where much more violent and rebellious.
British punk was seen as a new musical and cultural movement, blending simple aggressive sounds and lyrics with clothing styles and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies, the main one being, Anarchism.
The punk rock bands generally created hard-edged music, with typically short songs, with stripped down instrumentation and often political or anti-establish lyrics. To me, the most well known songs of the Punk Era are:
Sex Pistols, God Save The Queen
The Clash, London Calling and Should I stay or Should I go? Band Aid was a charity super group featuring leading British and Irish musicians and recording artists. It was founded in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise money for anti-poverty efforts in Ethiopia by releasing the song "Do They Know It's Christmas?" for the Christmas market that year. Yorkshire The White Rose of York, a white heraldic rose, is the symbol of the House of York and has since been adopted as a symbol of Yorkshire as a whole.
Traditionally the origins of the emblem are said to go back to Edmund of Langley in the 14Th Century, the first Duke of York and the founder of the House of York.
The actual symbolism behind the rose has religious connotations as it represents the virgin Mary, who was often called the Mystical Rose of Heaven.
The Yorkshire rose is white in colour, because in Christian liturgical symbolism, white is the symbol of light, typifying innocence and purity, joy and glory. Yorkshire....PUDDING!

This is normally a classic home-made treat which goes wonderfully with the Sunday roasts.
However a classic Yorkshire Pudding is seen in two ways, small and round or a large shape which acts as a bowl and the dinner is served into this....obviously still on a plate or you'll have gravy all over you lap! The Blarney Stone Norway Jonsok (St. John's Passing), or St. Hans (St. John's Day), i.e. June 24, is also a commonly revered holiday.
It marks midsummer and the beginning of summer vacation, and is often celebrated by lighting a bonfire the evening before.
In the northern areas of Norway, this day has 24 hours of light, while southern areas have only 17.5 hours. Jonsok or St. Hans Norway's culinary traditions show the influence of long seafaring and farming traditions with salmon, trout, cod, and other sea food, balanced by cheese, dairy products and excellent breads.
Lefse is a traditional soft, Norwegian flat bread often eaten around the Christmas period. Lefse is made out of potato, milk or cream (or sometimes lard) and flour, and cooked on a griddle. Cuisine Aurora Borealis The northern lights, is a mystical moment, The lights are at their most frequent in late autumn and winter/early spring.
Perhaps not so surprisingly, the northern lights' spectacle has created as many legends as there have been people watching.

The Northern light symbol are found on the Sami shamanistic drum. The phenomenon has several different names in Sami. It is, for instance, known as Guovssahas, which means the light which can be heard. The northern lights were traditionally associated with sound by the Sami (the indigenous people of Norway).

During the Viking Age, the northern lights were the armour of the Valkyrie warrior virgins, shedding a strange flickering light. The Sami people are sometimes referred to as Lapps, but prefer to be called Samis.
Their culture has been developing in Northern Scandinavia since the arrival of the first people 11,000 years ago!
The Sami were at one with nature, and lived in tents and turf huts whilst they followed the reindeer. The
Sami For a long time the Sami were an oppressed group of people, where authority could be cruel and burdensome. However their culture was in danger of dying out.
Today the Sami stand stronger than most other aboriginal people in the world. They have their independence day, and their own flag and parliament.
Other important elements of the Sami culture are its language, although the various Sami languages are very distinct from Norwegian and the joik, the Sami traditional song. Alaska A statue of a gold miner stands near the Old St. Joseph's Church in Nome. The church was built in 1901 and was later used as a storage building for a mining company. The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race is an annual long-distance sled dog race run in early March from Anchorage to Nome. Mushers and a team of 12–16 dogs, of which at least 6 must be on the towline at the finish line, cover the distance in 9–15 days. The Iditarod began in 1973 as an event to test the best sled dog mushers and teams but evolved into today's highly competitive race. Teams frequently race through blizzards causing whiteout conditions, sub-zero temperatures and gale-force winds which can cause the wind chill to reach −73 °C The race changes its routes every year to race either the northern or southern route to distribute the impact of the race on the small villages throughout the trail. Dallas Seavey's view on Mushing The Toughest Race on Earth Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples of Alaska: Inupiaq, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and a number of Northern Athabaskan cultures.
Ancestors of the Alaska Natives are known to have migrated into the area thousands of years ago, and established varying indigenous, complex cultures that have succeeded each other over time. They developed sophisticated ways to deal with the challenging climate and environment. Alaskan Natives The Alaskan Cultures include: Athabascan
Deg Hit’an
Lower Tanana
Upper Tanana Every Indent indicates a tribe within each culture The Blarney Stone, Irish for Cloch na Blarnan, is a block of bluestone built into the battlements of Blarney Castle, Blarney, about 5 miles from Cork, Ireland. According to the legend, kissing the stone endows the kisser with the 'gift of the gab' which is great eloquence or skill at flattery. The stone was set into a tower of the castle in 1446. The castle is a popular tourist site in Ireland, attracting visitors from all over the world to kiss the stone and tour the castle and its gardens. The Ritual The ritual of kissing the Blarney Stone, has illegibly been performed by 'millions of people'
The kiss, however, is not casually achieved. To touch the stone with one's lips, the participant must ascend to the castle's peak, then lean over backwards on the parapet's edge.
This is traditionally achieved with the help of an assistant. Although the parapet is now fitted with wrought-iron guide rails and protective crossbars, however the ritual can still trigger attacks of acrophobia, an extreme or irrational fear of heights.
Before the safeguards were installed, the kiss was performed with real risk to ones life, as participants were grasped by the ankles and dangled from the height, in which to achieve kissing the stone. Eskimo Ice Cream, also known as "akutaq", is a fancy name for a hearty dish you probably haven't ever heard of before.
The Natives used to make this unusual dish by whipping the fat of hunted reindeer, seals, or bears! then adding snow and wild native berries.
Sugar wasn't available then but it would probably be a nice addition to the dish, if they had it.
Nowadays it is made with Crisco and is mixed with berries, mouse food, dried meat, and other vegetables depending on what is available, therefore like most recipies there are a wide number of varieties using different ingredients. Eskimo Ice cream! My cousin Kate, moved to live with her husband Lucas, who originates from Alaska. Kate and Lucas now they live in Juneau, which has a population of 30,000 people.
However, you can only get to Juneau by plane or boat!
Juneau, has been the capital of Alaska since 1906. USA The United States of America Pennsylvania Groundhog Day is celebrated on February 2nd.
According to folklore, if it is cloudy when a groundhog emerges from its burrow on this day, then spring will come early, however if it is sunny, the groundhog will supposedly see its shadow and retreat back into its burrow, and the winter weather will continue for six more weeks.
In southeastern Pennsylvania, Groundhog Lodges or Grundsow Lodges celebrate the holiday with fersommlinge, a social event in which food is served, speeches are made and performed for entertainment.
The largest Groundhog Day celebration is held in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania. Africa Cuisine: In general, Africans live in rural areas, particularly those who live in the western, eastern, and southern areas of Africa. Many villagers are subsistent farmers, which means that they live almost entirely off of the food that they grow themselves, therefore they would rely heavily on conditions in which they live in but also the weather, as a too dry or wet season will mean the food wont grow. Fast food restaurants and supermarkets, as we know them, do not exist in most of Africa. People sell clothing, food, and other supplies at outdoor markets this is another way that people earn money buy making goods and then selling it off. In Egypt, many people enjoy a popular bean dish called Ful. This is made from couscous which is a common ingredient founds in countries like Morocco and Algeria. The couscous is a steamed grain which is served with a stew of meat and vegetables. In Western Africa, people grow cassava which is a root plant like ginger, maize, millet, and plantains or as we know them, Bananas for food.
In Cameroon people may eat beans and plantains accompanied by baton de manioc, or manioc sticks which is another form of cassava.
In Gabon, fish is prepared in a spicy sauce and served with rice. Most cultures in Africa remain very traditional–women and girls do most of the cooking.
In Botswana, millet and sorghum porridge are primary sources of nourishment for the African people. Millet and sorghum are both types of grains that must be pounded into flour and cooked before they can be consumed. Above: Traditional Cooking,
Below: Cassava Traditional dish Ful Music Bells, drums, guitars, likembes which are thumb pianos, strung bows, trumpets, and xylophones are just some of the many instruments played by people in Africa.
The music of Africa is a part of all aspects of their lives. All forms of instruments, such as string, wind, and percussion, originated in Africa.

Drums are a common instrument, but some parts of Africa, there are few trees therefore you will find flutes and trumpets in treeless areas, instead of drums.

Many African songs are work chants that are sung while the seeds are being planted or the crops are being harvested. This therefore keeps them motivated through the labor but also creates a community atmosphere.
The smallest of children are taught to sing and dance. They may be taught to play music and even build their own instruments. Likembe, or thumb piano Dogon Tribe The ancient Dogon tribe of Mali is a fascinating but vanishing one. They apparently originated from the West bank of the Niger, fleeing from the Mossi people around 1490 and taking refuge in the hills of Bandiagara where they have continued to live resisting being conquered by first the Muslims and then the French. Today the tribe have between 400 and 500 000 people; their isolated cliff-dwelling habitat in the side of the hills close to Timbuktu has contributed to the fascination the world has with their ancient mythology which remains shrouded in secrecy and mystery to this day.

Due to the tribes isolation their art has remained one of the most authentic on the African continent and being intensely spiritually motivated it has remained mostly intact. The visual delights of their skilful carving and dramatically colourful masquerades make them even more enchanting for the beholder. The Dogon continue an ancient Dama tradition, which commemorates the origin of death. Dama memorial ceremonies are held to accompany the souls of the deceased into the ancestral realm and to restore order to the universe. These dance ceremonies often last for three days and involve dozens of dancers representing figures from the animal world, as well as male and female powers, and the afterworld. Without the Dama dance, the dead cannot cross over into the after life in peace, therefore this is an important part of their culture and a way to grieve the dead. Folklore and Religion Like all human cultures, African folklore and religion represents a variety of social aspects of African culture.
Like almost all civilizations and cultures, flood myths have been circulating in different parts of Africa. Culture and religion share space and are deeply intertwined in African cultures.
In Ethiopia, Christianity and Islam form the core aspects of Ethiopian culture and inform dietary customs as well as rituals and rites.

According to a Pygmy myth, Chameleon, hearing a strange noise in a tree, cut open its trunk and water came out in a great flood that spread all over the land, and then the earth and from the water arose the first human couple. New Zealand The Kiwi Kiwi is the nickname used internationally for people from New Zealand, as well as being a relatively common self-reference. The name derives from the kiwi, a flightless bird, which is native to, and the national symbol of, New Zealand.
Unlike many demographic labels, its usage is not considered offensive; it is generally viewed as a symbol of pride and endearment for the people of New Zealand.
The first New Zealanders to be widely known as Kiwis were the military. The regimental sign for all New Zealand regiments feature the kiwi, including those that fought in the Second Boer War, then with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps in World War I.

Spelling of the word the Kiwi, when used to describe the people, is often capitalized, and takes the plural form Kiwis. The bird's name is spelt with a lower-case k and, being a word of Māori origin, normally stays as kiwi when pluralised. Thus, two Kiwis refers to two people, whereas two kiwi refers to two birds. Kia ora = Hello

Kia ora tatou = Hello everyone
Tena koe = Greetings to you (said to one person)
Tena koutou = Greetings to you (said to three or more people)
Nau mai, haere mai = Welcome
Kei te pehea koe? = How’s it going?
Kei te pai = Good

Tino pai = Really good
Ka kite ano = See you again Maori consists of five vowel sounds: a e i o u (‘a’ as in ‘car’, ‘e’ as in ‘egg’, ‘i’ like the ‘ee’ in ‘tee’, ‘o’ as in ‘four’, ‘u’ like an ‘o’ in ‘to’). There are eight consonants in Maori similar to those in English — ‘h’, ‘k’, ‘m’, ‘n’, ‘p’, ‘r’, ‘t’, and ‘w’. There are also two different consonants — ‘wh’ and ‘ng’. Many Maori pronounce the ‘wh’ sound similar to our ‘f’. The ‘ng’ is similar to our own ‘ng’ sound in a word like ‘sing’, except that in Maori, words can start with ‘ng’. Language of the Maori, New Zealand Maori People The Maori are an indigenous people of New Zealand, and their story is both long and intriguing. On the basic of records, archaeological finds and genetic anaylses, its been found that the Maori arrived in New Zealand in the 13th Century AD.

The origin of Maori has been reliably traced to the islands of Eastern Polynesia, and their journey to New Zealand occurred in a number of epic waka or canoe voyages over a significant period of time. These journeys established Maori as daring and resourceful adventurers, and as one of the greatest navigating peoples of all time. Modern day Maori culture has been shaped by the traditions of its rich cultural heritage, with an outward view of the challenges faced by indigenous peoples in a global society.

Defining aspects of Maori culture include art, legend, tattoo (moko), performances (notably the haka), customs, hospitality and community. Haka The Haka is a traditional ancestral war cry, dance or challenge from the Maori people of New Zealand. It is a posture dance performed by a group, with vigorous movements and stamping of the feet with rhythmically shouted accompaniment.
The word Haka is the same for both plural and singular and therefore spelt the same way.
Although the use of haka by the All Blacks rugby union team and the Kiwis rugby league team has made one type of haka familiar, it has led to misconceptions. Haka are not exclusively war dances or performed only by men. Some are performed by women, others by mixed groups, and some simple haka are performed by children. Haka are performed for various reasons: for amusement, as a hearty welcome to distinguished guests, or to acknowledge great achievements, occasions or funerals. Traditional Haka in New Zealand Soldiers perform Haka for their deceased comrades returning from Afghanistan The All Blacks perform Haka after winning the Rugby World Cup 2011 Eyak
Inupiat (an Inuit people)
Sugpiaq (Alutiiq)(Alutiqu)
Koniag India Emery family in India.
Front left George on chair, right back Archibald, right front, Eric on chair, Ivy being carried (back left). Parents Henry Donald and Violet Emery, both born
in India.
Eric was born in Madras 1903, so this photo was probably taken in either 1905/1906.
Henry Donald, worked on the Indian railways. The Emery Family Culture in India:
India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differ from place to place within the country. The Indian culture, often labelled as a combination of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and includes traditions that are several millennia old. Many elements of India's diverse cultures, such as Indian religions, yoga, and Indian cuisine, have had a profound impact across the world. Religion:
India is the birth place of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism they are collectively known as the Indian religions. Family Structure and Marriage For generations, India has had a tradition of the joint family system. It is a system under which extended members of a family – parents, children, the children’s spouses and their offspring, etc. – live together in one household. Usually, the oldest male member is the head in the joint Indian family system. He makes all important decisions and rules, and other family members abide by them. Arranged marriage:
For centuries, arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indian society. Even today, the majority of Indians have their marriages planned by their parents and other respected family-members. In the past, the age of marriage was young, especially in Rajasthan, but this is rising with modernization and there are now laws which govern the age of marriage.
In most marriages the bride's family provide a dowry to the bride. Traditionally, the dowry was considered a woman's share of the family wealth, since a daughter had no legal claim on her natal family's real estate. It also typically included portable valuables such as jewelery and household goods that a bride could control throughout her life. Festivals: With India, being a multi-cultural and multi-religious society, celebrates holidays and festivals of various religions. The four national holidays in India, the Independence Day, the Republic Day, the Gandhi Jayanti, and May Day are celebrated with enthusiasm throughout India.
Certain festivals in India are celebrated by multiple religions. Notable examples include Diwali, which is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains, and Buddh Purnima, celebrated by Buddhists.
Christianity is India's third largest religion. With over 23 million Christians, of which 17 million are Roman Catholics, India is home to many Christian festivals. The country celebrates Christmas and Good Friday as public holidays. Diwali Diwali is perhaps the most well-known of the Hindu festivals.
The word Diwali means 'rows of lighted lamps'. Diwali is known as the 'festival of lights' because houses, shops and public places are decorated with small earthenware oil lamps called diyas.
For many Indians this five day festival honors Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth.
People start the new business year at Diwali, and some Hindus will say prayers to the goddess for a successful year. Lamps are lit to help Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, find her way into people's homes. The festival celebrates the victory of good over evil, light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance, although the actual legends that go with the festival are different in different parts of India:

In northern India and elsewhere, Diwali celebrates Rama's return from fourteen years of exile to Ayodhya after the defeat of Ravana and his subsequent coronation as king;
In Gujarat, the festival honours Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth;
In Nepal Diwali commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon king Narakaasura;
In Bengal, it is associated with the goddess Kali. Dance Dance in India is varied featuring styles of other dances within the country. As with other aspects of Indian culture, different forms of dances originated in different parts of India. Odissi, also known as Orissi, is one of the eight classical dance forms of India. It originates from the state of Odisha, in eastern India. It is the oldest surviving dance form of India on the basis of archaeological evidences.
It is particularly distinguished from other classical Indian dance forms by the importance it places upon the Tribhangi, which is the independent movement of head, chest and pelvis and upon the basic square stance known as Chauka.
This dance is characterized by various Bhangas (Stance), which involves stamping of the foot and striking various postures as seen in Indian sculptures. Bollywood Dance Bollywood dancing is the commercial name for modern Indian Dance. The unique style of dance has its roots in classical and folk dance with the occasional Latino and Arabic influence. throughout the world today, Bollywood is the most well known and popular indian dance style.

Bollywood, however is also the name given to the film industry in India which is considered to be the largest in the world producing the greatest number of titles each year. More recently, films such as Slumdog Millionaire have helped to bring Indian films to the Western world.

Bollywood films use many songs and lots of dancers to help tell the stories. The use of vibrant colours and modern Indian music make these films highly energetic and popular. Germany Deutschland Getränke: Bier Bier, is very common throughout Germany, with a large number of local and regional breweries producing a wide variety of beers.
The pale lager pilsener, is a style developed in the mid-19th century, and this is now the most common drink in parts of the country today, whereas wheat beer, Weißbier and other types of lager are common, especially in Bavaria.
A number of regions have local specialties, many of which, like Weißbier, are more traditionally brewed ales. Among these are Altbier, a dark beer available around Düsseldorf and the lower Rhine, Kölsch, is a similar style of ale, but its lighter in color. The low-alcohol Berliner Weiße, a sour beer made in Berlin that is often mixed with raspberry syrup. Generally, with the exception of mustard for sausages, German dishes are rarely hot and spicy; the most popular herbs are traditionally parsley, thyme, laurel, chives, black pepper however only used in small amounts, juniper berries and caraway.
Cardamom, anise seed, and cinnamon are often used in sweet cakes or beverages associated with Christmas time, and sometimes in the preparation of sausages, but are otherwise rare in German meals. Other herbs and spices, such as basil, sage, oregano, and hot chili peppers, have become more popular in recent times. Gewürze und Würzmittel Spices and Condiments A popular dessert in northern Germany is Rote Grütze, red fruit pudding, which is made with black and red currants, raspberries and sometimes strawberries or cherries cooked in juice with corn starch as a thickener. It is traditionally served with cream, but also is served with vanilla sauce, milk or whipped cream. Rhabarbergrütze (rhubarb pudding) and Grüne Grütze (gooseberry fruit pudding) are variations of the Rote Grütze. A similar dish, Obstkaltschale, may also be found all around Germany. Dessert Volksmusik: Bavarian folk music is the most well-known type of folk music outside of Germany. Yodeling and schuhplattler dancers are among the stereotyped images of German folk life, though these are only found today in the southernmost areas, and to cater to tourists. Moderne Musik However, even though folk and traditional music
is still prominent in parts of Germany, other genres have come into the lime light.

An industrial rock band called Rammstein are one of the most popular rock bands in Germany. they formed in 1994. Although, rock isn't the only type of music to now be popular in Germany, there are many successful artists and musicians off all genres. WARNING: video is heavy metal music!! schuhplattler The Schuhplattler is a traditional folk dance popular in the Alpine regions of Bavaria and Austria. It evolved from the Ländler.
In days gone by, young men wished to impress marriageable young ladies with their dancing skills.
To perform this dance one would carry out a series of jumps and hip movements to the time of the music. Characteristically the male dancers will rhythmically strike their thighs, knees and soles (platteln), clap their hands and stamp with their feet. Hanging Rhino This is a statue
located in, Potsdam, Germany
The artistic view is simply a rhino suspended in
the air Christmas starts early in Germany. On the night of December 5th-6th, Nikolaustag, St. Nicholas Day, children leave their shoes or boots outside the front door.

That night, Santa Claus, Nikolaus, visits and fills them with chocolates, oranges and nuts if they’ve been good. Nikolaus also has a sidekick, in the form of his servant Knecht Ruprecht, who leaves bundles of twigs in the shoes if the children have been naughty and are listed in his ‘black book’. Christmas Day....or Days! In some homes, it's traditional for parents to prepare a room for Christmas and then lock it up. A bell is rung as a signal for children to enter the room where they are delighted to find the tree lit up with presents awaiting them underneath it. There are also fruit, nuts, marzipan, chocolate and biscuits to eat, carols are sung, the Christmas story is read and children open their presents. This magical event, for many families, takes place on the afternoon of Christmas Eve, before attending mass at 4pm, returning home at 6pm to eat, read the Christmas story and then open their presents. Essen und Trinken

The Germans often have special baking evenings for making spiced cakes, cookies and gingerbread houses. The German Christmas tree pastry, das Christbaumgebäck, is a white dough which is moulded into shapes and baked to make tree decorations, which once cooked are then hung onto the Christmas tree.

On Christmas Eve, there's an evening feast, generally of carp and potato salad, however meat is avoided for religious reasons.

On Christmas Day the family tucks into suckling pig or roasted goose, white sausage, macaroni salad, and regional dishes, der Christstollen, long loaves of bread with nuts, raisins, lemon and dried fruit, der Lebkuchen, ginger spice cookies, das Marzipan and der Dresdner Stollen, a moist, heavy bread filled with fruit and marzipan. Nikolaus
Knecht Ruprecht Indian cuisine includes a wide variety of regional cuisines native to India. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate and occupations, these cuisines vary significantly from each other and use locally available spices, herbs, meat, vegetables, and fruits. Indian food is also heavily influenced by religious and cultural choices.
The development of these cuisines have been shaped by Hindu and Jain beliefs, and in particular by vegetarianism, which is a growing dietary trend in Indian society.
Indian cuisine has been and is still evolving, as a result of the nation's cultural interactions with other societies, therefore their food is being influenced by more avaliable flavours and ingredients. Cuisine Hallo, meine Name ist Abi Harmsworth, ich bin siebzehn und mein Gerburtstag ist am 25 Dezember, Weihnachten.

Ich hoffe, Sie genießen meine Präsentation auf Kultur auf der ganzen Welt Language: All cultures, have a difference in the words they speak, be it in another language or an abbreviation of a word or slang terms. Cockney Rhyming Slang Cockney rhyming slang is not a language but a collection of phrases used by Cockneys and other Londoners.
A true Cockney is someone born within the sound of Bow Bells. (St Mary-le-Bow Church in Cheapside, London).
The Cockney accent is heard less often in Central London these days but is widely heard in the outer London boroughs, the London suburbs and all across South East England. It is common in Bedfordshire towns like Luton and Leighton Buzzard, and Essex towns such as Romford. ruby murray = curry
barnet fair = hair
currant bun = sun
hampstead heath = teeth
deep sea diver = fiver (a monetary note)
mince pies = eyes
china plate = mate
pen and ink = stink
septic tank = yank (a person from the U.S.)
whistle and flute = suit There are over 2100 and by some counts over 3000 languages spoken natively in Africa[1][2] in several major language groups:
Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) spread throughout the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and parts of the Sahel
Nilo-Saharan is centered on Sudan and Chad (disputed validity)
Niger–Congo (Bantu) covers West, Central, and Southeast Africa
Khoe is concentrated in the deserts of Namibia and Botswana
Austronesian on Madagascar.
Indo-European on the southern tip of the continent. African Languages Indian Language The Languages of India belong to several language groups, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages which is a subbranch of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan is spoken by 74% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 23% of Indians.
Other languages spoken in India belong to the Austroasiatic, Tibeto-Burman, and a few otherminor language groups and isolates. Differences within culture... Throughout the world there are many different cultures, these can be from countries, towns, villages, to businesses, schools and our home lives.
Our own culture at home may be having family night every Saturday evening, or having the roast on Sundays, within school it may be having that full school assembly once a week or fish 'n' chips every Friday.
However each culture varies, from their customs, traditions, religions, the language spoken and the way they live, but where ever you find a culture you'll find the basics... survival, friendship, love and a community of people.
So culture is really just what you do within those communities, and where that culture is based in the world. Differences

Culture Christmas Christmas day, you wake up and go down stairs to find a wealth of presents under the tree, your parents will tell you not to open any of your presents until the relatives arrive.
So you open your stocking presents instead! Then around lunch time or late afternoon you all sit down to a humongous meal, of roast turkey maybe another meat, roasted spuds and veg. Sausages wrapped in bacon, stuffing and meat balls. Topped with gravy, bread sauce! and alcohol to drink if you old enough!!
However, in other cultures this doesn't happen, there's no waking up to presents under the tree, there may be a few, but not many. For many people in poorer countries, Christmas is about spreading joy and being together.
so whatever we have in life we should treasure and not take the moments and gifts in life for granted. So the main reason for cultures to differ from place to place is to create a sense of uniqueness and creativity, to give people the chance to explore other cultures.
Well, frankly if cultures didn't exist then there would be not point in traveling or any new experiences.
Cultures have influenced each other culture in one way or another from the food they eat or the way in which they make something. The cultures across the world have evolved, by gaining new experiences from other places and seeing traditions in other countries. Why? To me culture, is a persons identity of the country they originate from, so for me, England, however is my culture also Alaska, Norway, India because I have family there, not really, because I'm not living there with them, inhabiting their culture.
So to me culture is your surroundings, the pace you live the customs you have grown up with, my culture is English traditions. However as a whole our country has so many ethical groups living here, our good ol' English culture has evolved and has been influenced by other cultures. As a whole, culture is all around us, no matter where we are, and in life we should respect the way other people do things, for example going back to New Zealand and their Haka, that now become a world-wide rugby tradition, when ever the All Blacks play a match they perform the Haka at the beginning and this is respected by the other team. Die Ende,
Danke This video does have music, I purposely made it quieter, as it suited the song and pictures better Irish Gaelic Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is now spoken as a first language by a minority of Irish people, as well as being a second language of a larger proportion of the population.
Conas Ata Tu? = How are you
Cead Mile Fallte = Hello
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