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Consumerism and Waste Products
Transcript of Consumerism and Waste Products
Waste Products Consumer-ism Waste Products?? Changing Life-Style Developing n' developed ones.. Unequal Sharing.. Paul Ehrlich & John Hodlren model An unusable or unwanted substance or material produced during or as a result of a process, such as metabolism or manufacturing. It has been related both to the increase in our demands due to change in the life style. Earlier we used to live a simple life and used to have fewer wants. In the modern society our needs have multiplied and so consumerism of resources has also multiplied. We have to face a number of interconnected
environmental and resource problem In developing countries, population size and the resulting degradation of renewable resources tend to be the key factors in total environmental impact. In such countries per capita resource use is low. But in developed countries, high rate of per capita resources use and the resulting high level of pollution and environmental degradation per person usually are the key factors determining overall environmental impact. Paul ehrlich and John Hodlren model:
I = P × A × T
I =Human Impact on the Environment
This describes how our growing population,affluence and technology contribute toward our environment The "consumer" is the one who consumes the goods and services produced. As such,consuners plays a vital role in the economic demand that emanates from them,the economy virtually collapses. Consumerism refers to the consumption of resources by the people. While early human society used to consume much less resources, with the dawn of the industrial area, consumerism has shown an exponential rise "Waste refers to materials that are not prime products (that is, products produced for the market) for which the generator has no further use in terms of his/her own purposes of production, transformation or consumption, and of which he/she wants to dispose." The resources are not divided properly among people;they are neither saved nor consumed properly.Due to economic growth,migration is also taking place every where in the world.Many people move from a country to another enquiry and from rural areas to urban areas,in order to improve and have higher standards of living. Consumerism is a social and economic order that is based on the systematic creation and fostering of a desire to purchase goods and services in ever greater amounts. It occurs when there are more people than available supplies of food,water and other important resources in an area. There are many problems due to this like poverty,under nourishment and premature deaths. Usually occurs in under developing countries. Overpopulation This occurs in more
developed countries. The per capita income of these countries
is very high and the people are tend to
spend more money As a result of more consumption the waste produced is also very high.The waste produced again posses great threat to the environment. The table shows that although the population of India is 3.4 times that of USA,its overall energy use and waste generation are less than 1/8th that of USA. Thus,more consumerism leads to more waste production Facts about Consumerism... Consumption(USA)=50 X Consumption(India) Damage to earth to USA person=20-100 times damage to Indian person In Japan,with upgradation in technology,the impact on earth is much less than USA although it is at par with USA in all other terms. How to solve these problems??????? "In the US, wood and paper thrown away each year is
enough to heat 5 millionhomes for 200 years." Environmental management demands structural changes involving large scale technological substitutions towards
(1) resources, generate less pollution, provide direct economic benefit and stimulate national economy
(2) reuse and recycle technologies
(3) technologies for minimization of waste. Environmental Management An important component of such technologies is sustained by middle class consumerisms which encourage bottles for soft drinks and other beverages. There is a big boom in their output and hence a growing recycling industry, which is twin, feeds upon the rising demands for imports of plastic waste. Middle Class Consumerism Such a concept has led to the realization that the physical limit to economic development describes all human efforts for a cleaner and protected environment as well as sustainable growth of the communities. Resulting in a sustainable development