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Australia Between the Wars
Transcript of Australia Between the Wars
the Wars 1920s
~Women~ - 1920s bought new and exciting cultural innovations that shifted women's attention from politics to social life.
- Social life consisted of new fashion trends, products, and sexier images.
-Once the soldiers had gone to fight
the War in Europe, women emerged
from their houses to fill the jobs left
empty in support of the armed forces at
home and abroad. 1930s
~Sir Donald Bradman~ Sir Donald Bradman of Australia was, beyond any argument, the greatest batsman who ever lived and the greatest cricketer of the 20th century.
Australia was going through the Great Depression and the heroic abilities of Bradman during the 1930s boosted the morale of society and renewed their sense of national pride.
Ordinary people could escape the worries of their daily lives by immersing themselves in stories of Bradman's heroic sporting feats. As a result, he was often described by others at the time as a 'bright star,' owing to the way he inspired people, even in the most desolate of times. Sir Donald Bradman Please watch this black-and-white film which shows Australian cricketer Don Bradman at the age of 21, speaking to an interviewer before a match during the 1930 Ashes series in England:
~Sydney Harbour Bridge~ Watch this short video clip on the opening ceremony of the bridge:
~The Wealthy~ The wealthy were pretty much the only class which benefited from the Great Depression. The big buisness magnets established in Australia took advantage of:
Lower labor costs
low cost for industrial materials, day to day expenses and items dropped in price rapidy to make them also available to the working class.
development in technology in all aspects (transport, mechanism etc.)
On a personal or family based level they also benefited from the low cost of:
living costs; day to day expenses and items dropped in price rapidly to make them also available to working class.
imported items; fashion and so on.
The bottom line is the wealthy were the least affected by the great
depression. They continue their luxurious and affluent lifestyle. This newspaper article shows that interstate exchange rates were published for everything every bank operating at that time, the figures show how much of a profit they were making. During the Great Depression, these figures were a luxury and could buy a fortune. Published in the Sydney Morning Herald on Thursday 10 Janurary 1935. 1930s
~Sydney Harbour Bridge~ The Sydney Harbour Bridge also known as the “coat hanger” is one of Sydney's most famous landmarks.
Completed in 1932, the construction of the bridge was an economic feat as well as an engineering triumph. Prior to the bridge being built, the only links between the city centre in the south and the residential north were by ferry or by a 20 kilometre road route that involved five bridge crossings.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge, took eight years to build, including the railway line. The bridge was manufactured in sections on a site that is now occupied by Luna Park fun fair. This picture shows starting of the bridge structure. As you can see they had no quick transportation from island to island. 1920 QANTAS Established
Australian Country Party formed. 1921 Mascot Airport Opens
Commonwealth Health Department established. 1922 The Industrial Courtof Appeal rejects thecase for equal pay for women.
Hughes and Nationalist Party returned to Government. 1923 Australian Daphne Mayo becomes the first women to recieve a gold medal for sculpture at the Royal Academy, London.
Vegemite goes to shelves.
Work begins in construction of Parliament House. 1924 First voice transmission between Australia and London.
Compolsury voting introduced in Australian elections. 1925 NSW Premiere Jack Lang takes over Sydney Radio Station 2KY.
Federal Police Force Established. 1926 44 hour working week introduced in NSW.
First section of the electric underground railway opens between Central Station and St James. 1927 Royal Comissions finds police responsible for the murder of Aboriginies in Western Australia.
Federal Parliament opened by Duke of York at the Commonwealth capital, Canberra. 1928 Australian Bert Hinkler completes the first solo flight between England and Australia.
St Mary's Cathedral opens after 60 years of construction. 1929 Hoyts converts 20 suburban cinema for 'talkies'.
Western Australia celebrates its centenary ~1920s Timeline~ 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Achievements Biograpghy Contribution to
the Decade 1920
~Reverend John Flynn~ 25th November 1880 – 5 May 1951
Completed secondary school at University High School in 1898.
Raised by father and relatives.
Couldn’t afford university.
Married Jean Flynn. Presbyterian minister, founder and superintended of the Australian Inland Mission of the Presbyterian Church of Australia.
Superintendent of its Australian Inland Mission.
Establishment of the A.I.M Aerial Medical Service at Cloncurry in 1928.
On the $20 note. Reverend John was vitally important to Australia. He brought medical facilities and hospitals to the outback, and started the Flying Doctor Service. Significance to the Australian History He started the Flying Doctor Service. To this day the Flying Doctor Service still stands. It is extremely vital for outback families and communities. His grave is on a low hill at the foot of the MacDonnell Ranges. The plaque expresses a lifetime achievement in just a few lines 1920s
~Introduction to the 'Talkies' Through the introduction to the Talkies Australians found a popular for of entertainment which did not stay within the confines of a single class. Talkies were enjoyed by all within Australia (rich and poor); by the end of 1927 a family of four would be able to see a film for just £1. With these low rates which were affordable by many, it became a weekly attraction.
This form of getting together of all classes formed a sense of community and unity. Also sense of hope and light in a time over casted by the suffering and problems brought by the Great Economic Depression which Australia was facing. This picture shows the Hoyts and Studebaker cinema advertisment: Touring Talkie Show ReverenJohn Flynn was also very lucky to be on the $20 note. ~1930s Timeline~ Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as first Australian-born Governor General
http://www.abc.net.au/archives/timeline/streaming/isaacs.ram Opening of Sydney Harbour Bridge
Race Horse Phar Lap dies after being poisened.
ABC is founded. Sydneys first traffic lights installed. Victorian Centenary celebrations attended by the Duke of Gloucester.
300,000 people gather for the dedication of the Shrine of Remembrance Kingsford Smith dies in an air crash.
At least 140 people drown after a cyclone batters the pearling feet in Broome. Last Tasmanian Tiger dies in Hobart Zoo.
Opening of the Hume Dam in Albury, the biggest water storage system in the southern hemisphere.
Special Labor Party conference re-elects former NSW Premier Jack Lang to the party after a 5-year expulsion. 17 Aborigines travel 650 miles on foot to see the Darwin Picture Theatre. It is their first encounter with white society
First regular airmail service began in Sydney between Australia and America begins
Captained by Don Bradman, Australia wins 5th Test at the MCG to retain The Ashes. Australia celebrates 150 years of settlement.
Empire Games began in Sydney. Second World War Begins.
Black Friday bushfires rage from South Australian border to Gippsland and NSW. 71 people die. 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1939 1932 1934 Phar Lap wins the Melbourne Cup
The two spans of Sydney Harbour Bridge were joined. 1930 1931 1933 1935 1936 1937 1938 Cabinet agrees to Royal Commission into treatment of Aborigines in Arnhem Land.
First traffic lights installed in Sydney. Reference
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