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Radiata Pine Research

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elisse jurkovic

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of Radiata Pine Research

The Environments Sustainability
Environment Sustainability means that the decisions that I chose to do to the Radiata Pine can't nor shouldn't be bad or can't make a terrible impact on the environment. This means that when I use the Radiata Timber, its best not to waste it because I could recycle it or even give it to someone who might need or want it. If we chop down all of the trees there wont be enough for other people and sometimes it could lead to the extinction of the tree, so it is best if I think and decide on the good decisions other than the bad decisions on/ about the environment.
Ethical use of Radiata Pine
When I am using the timber, I have to think about the impact that my actions have towards the environment. Ethical use of timber is preservation of timber for future generations to use. Ethical use of timber means that I shouldn't waste the supply of materials that I receive. I have to make sure that I don't waste the wood that's been given.

Some ways that I will try to use timber ethically are:
• To use all parts of the timber. I have to try and use all the timber or at least majority of it.
• I have to select a timber species that is grown in an ethical manner and that is easily enough to reach and to get access to in Australia.
• It's best if I'm reusing recycled timber instead of cutting down more trees and it saves time and money and it is just as good as new trees.
• If I only need a little bit of wood, I won't use up all the timber and maybe I should give it to someone who may need it.

The growing of the Radiata Pine
Step 1- This is when the seeds are growing or the people are preparing the site for the trees to grow. This step is also when we start to plant the sees so that the can grow and to become into a bigger tree. Usually the plant seeds need to be prepared before you can plant/grow the trees. It is best if the soil is nice and healthy and full with minerals so that the tree can grow. The trees age from here would be about 0 years old.

Step 2- This step is when we are planting the seeds. The seeds are planted in winter so that they don't grow too quickly and this enables them to get used to the soil that they are in. One seedling is planted every 2.5 meters along so that when the tree gets bigger it can have plenty of space to grow. The tree now should at lease be 1 years old.
The growing of Radiata Pine.
Step 3- This is when the small tree plants are growing into small trees. When the trees are over 2 years of age they are just about 2 metres high and start to complete vegetation. Their age would be about 2 years of age when this process is happening. When the tree reaches this age it symbolizes that the tree is getting bigger and taller.

Step 4- This stage is mainly about the pruning of the mini trees. The pruning most likely happens when the tree is about 5, 7 & 9 years old. They prune the trees so that when the tree gets bigger, its going to be the best of its abilities. The trees get pruned 3 times in their tree lifetime. Its best if you prune the trees lower branches. The trees that are pruned at a young age usually are knot-free trees. This means that they will be in the best shape that they can possibly be when their older
The Growing of Radiata Pine
Step 5- This process is when the thinning process begins. This means that people get rid of the smaller weaker trees that doesn't contain much wood. We still use this wood, for other purposes like logs. It allows more room and growth for the bigger, tougher trees. Their age would be about 13, 21 and 28 years old when they do this process.

Step 6- This time period is all about the final harvest of the timber trees. This means that the trees are finally harvested and are ready to go out to factories. The trees have to be at least 30-35 years old for the process to be carried out. Now that the trees have completed its life cycle, we can use them for our good advantages

Why is Radiata Pine preferred over Huon Pine.
Radiata Pine is a soft wood timber that is mostly grown throughout Australia. Radiata timber is mostly used for decorative features in a home or an office etc. Huon Pine was firstly made/ produced in Tasmania and it was named after a river in Tasmania. When you use Huon Pine, it is very hard to glue with but it is easy enough to work with. This enables us to do many things with the material. Huon pine doesn't do well with paint and if you use paint it may chip off eventually. We most likely choose Radiata Pine over Huon pine because the material is more of a decorative touch but Huon Pine is more for architectures and a boats type of wood. Also we can do more things with Radiata pine like painting, staining, gluing, drilling etc. Radiata is nice and smooth and it works well with all machinery. It is grown throughout Australia and it should not be hard to get the material.
Some common names for Radiata Pine
Radiata Pine is called all sorts of names. Some of the most famous/ best names are:
- Pinus Radiata
- Monterey pine
- Insignis pine
- Wilding Pine
It has all these names because of different purposes and reasons in the past. There are still many more names.
The climate requirements for Radiata Pine
Radiata Pine can not grow under -15 degrees. The Tree can not survive heavy snowfalls because it would just be too cold for the tree to survive. The tree most definitely survives on the sun and it needs it a lot. Radiata Pine must have well fertilized soil before the sapling is planted. The tree must have sunlight on it nearly all of the time. It likes to be watered every now and then, so that the tree can grow and become bigger.The tree likes moist leaves on the ground with a warm atmosphere.
Radiata Pine Research
By Elisse Jurkovic 7.5
What is the Botanical name for it?
The botanical name for Radiata Pine would be Pinus Radiata. Radiata pine is part if the Pinaceae tree family.
The global distribution of Radiata Pine.
In Tasmania, There is a Radiata Pine tree plantation that has about 71,500ha in land, of just growing trees. This timber is mostly gown in VIC, SA, NZ, Africa, North America, USA (California), Mexico, very large in NZ, Australia, Chile, South Africa and Spain. In the world, there are about 4 million ha of land just for growing Radiata Pine.
The Australian distribution of Radiata Pine
Radiata Pine is mostly grown in New South Wales and Victoria. It is also grown in Western Australia, Tasmania, South Australia, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory. The tree is grown in the cooler parts of south-eastern Queensland. In Australia, Radiata Pine makes up to 28% of Tasmania’s timber plantations and majority of the time the wood would be made into decorative uses and/ or is used on construction sites.
Radiata Pine trees grow really fast compared to other trees. Radiata Pine trees reach up to 40– 50 m (49–98 ft) in height and its diameter is at least 1 metre. The tree is a medium sized tree. Radiata pine has an annual growth rate of 18m a ha each year.
The growth rate and size potential of Radiata Pine.
The characteristics, features and uses of Radiata Pine.
Pine cones-
Radiata Pine trees produce pine cones. There are two different types, male and female pine cones. The male cones are quite small in size but the female cones are fairly bigger (about 8-14 cm). The colours of the cones are brown but the female cones begin at about a yellow type brown colour.

The Radiata Pine tree produces pine needles as its leaves. They grow to about 5-13 cms long. They are a dark green colour.

The bark is either a grey colour or a reddish brown colour. The feeling of the bark is rough and it is quite thick.

The wood is very soft and is light in colour. The wood sands and cuts very nicely. The colour of the wood is a light brown to yellow type colour.

Continuing characteristics, features and uses of Radiata Pine.
Compared to Huon pine, Radiata Pine glues and paints much better than Huon pine. Radiata pine is also much softer, easier to purchase, and is easily available in Australia. Radiata Pine is used on many things, especially furniture and decoration. It is used on construction sites, paneling, landscaping and interior projects. It doesn't do well with big projects. Its more for small and indoor purposes like furniture and cabinetry.
Why is Radiata Pine a preferred option to other species of timber?
Radiata Pine may be a preferred option over other species of timber because it is grown all over Australia and it produces many trees every year. A possible chance it could have been chosen is that it stains, paints and glues well and it works well with the product and the wood. We might have chosen this because it is a good beginners wood and it cuts well, so it shouldn't be a problem. Radiata pine is easy to sand. This means that it won't be that hard to sand it correctly and properly. Radiata Pine is an easy available wood. especially in Australia.
Radiata timber
Radiata Pine trees life cycle
Radiata Pine timber wood Plank
Radiata pine trees
Social issues on How Radiata pine could save the environment.
Recycling- Recycling trees can help the environment because I won't have to cut down another healthy tree that provides oxygen for us to breathe. Due to this, I shouldn't waste the limited materials that I receive.
Awareness- Brochures are a good way to create awareness towards people so that they treat the environment nicely. If the brochures are held at national parks, it would definitely give people a better aspect on how to treat the environment nicely.
Air- I should not chop down too many trees because they provide oxygen, which is good for us to breathe in. There are too much pollution in the air that people are starting to become fairly sick. If I keep trees alive, it will help everyone breathe more efficiently.
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