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Drug & Alcohol Dependance in Older Adults

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Theories Group

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Drug & Alcohol Dependance in Older Adults

PRESENTING
CHARACTERISTICS.

CAUSES & CONTRIBUTING

FACTORS.

Insomnia
Headaches
Tremors
Diaphoresis
Irritability

POTENTIAL LATE-ONSET
ISSUES.
HEALTH
PROMOTION.
"Skillful
nursing
care has been described as the 'most important part of the management of alcohol withdrawal' Marie Caroselli-Karinja, RN

WHAT TO

KNOW.

SIGNS

&

SYMPTOMS.
.
Liver, kidney and heart disease
Pancreatitis
Osteoporosis
Incontinence
Decline in Metabolism
HEALTH
MAINTENANCE.
Management of underlying depression
Access Psychiatric and Geriatric Consultants
Review & Clarify Medications w/ physician
Rehabilitation Programs

http://area84aa.org/meetings/district-1-nipissing-north-bay/
NURSING

INTERVENTIONS.
Thorough Assessment
Immediate action
Advocacy
Provide coping mechanisms
Education on effects of alcohol & drug use
Avoid sensitive language
Involve others in treatment plan
Therapeutic Approach
Follow-up
Monitor/teach medication administration
DRUG
AND
ALCOHOL
DEPENDANCE IN OLDER ADULTS.
{ Amy Lariviere, Shelby Barr, Erin Brophy, Taylor Watson, Melissa Dors, Tori Bugg }
"No one is immune from addiction; it afflicts people of all
ages
, races, classes and professions" Patrick J. Kennedy
NURSES &
ALCOHOLISM.

It is common that alcoholism and drug abuse go

unnoticed
among the elderly (Dickson Mulinga, 1999), that is why it is relevant for
students

to learn the signs and health promotion, maintenance and restoration actions for elderly alcoholics.
Defining key terms
"A complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity"
[World Health Org.]
Improper Teaching & lack of knowledge
Social Factors
Mental Health
Emotional Stress
Depression
Tachycardic
Nausea
Weight loss/gain
Falls
Get Involved
Stay Active
Ask HCP for info about drug usage
Follow physician's orders


Teleconference with HCP
Social Support

HEALTH
RESTORATION.
"The

first
step that nurses must take to successfully work with elderly alcoholics is to
explore personal attitudes
towards aging and alcoholism" Peg Krach
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Recommendations
Men 65+ Max one drink per day
Max of two drinks per any one occasion
Drinks/week on average

Women 65+ Less than one drink per day
drinks/week


Addiction
: Being addicted or feeling in need of a constant renewal of a substance or thing.
Drug misuse:
is the inappropriate use of a substance for other than the therapeutic purpose for which it was intended
Drug abuse:
is the use of a psychoactive substance in a way that is nontherapeutic and adversely affects one’s life.
Alcoholism:
An addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor or the mental illness and compulsive behaviour resulting from alcohol dependency.
Alcohol abuse:
The constant misuse of alcohol.
Drug Use:
The act of inhaling, injecting or injecting a drug.
Benzodiazepine:
Any of a class of heterocyclic organic compounds used as tranquilizers.


-Alcohol and prescription drug abuse affects 17% of older adults

Statistics
(D'Archangelo,1993; Bucholz et al., 1995; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1988; Minnis, 1988; Atkinson, 1987, 1990).
UNINTENTIONAL
DRUG ABUSE.

Frequent Physician Visits
Journal

Congressional Record, V. 151, Pt. 15, September 8 to September 22, 2005. (n.d.). Retrieved September 1, 2005, from https://books.google.ca/books?id=mdE7EEbYPvAC&pg=PA487&lpg=PA487&dq=No one is immune from addiction; it afflicts people of all ages, races, classes, and professions.&source=bl&ots=Ke64HHeZ0B&sig=ei4ka4-xh_vTR6ik5ruSKqtlM04&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ISv-VO-1H8qQyATGg4


Other References
Full transcript