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Satyam Sharma

on 24 November 2017

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Transcript of SMART CITY

What is a Smart City?
Difference b/w planned city and smart city:-
A smart city is an urban development vision to integrate information and communication technology (ICT) and Internet of things (IoT) technology in a secure fashion to manage a city's assets.Assets comprises of schools, libraries, transportation systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, and other community services.
Smart City Mission is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with a mission to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.It is five-year program, where all of the Indian states and Union territories are participating by nominating at-least one city for the smart city challenge.Both State and Center Government will give financial aid and execution of projects may be done through joint ventures, subsidiaries, public-private partnership (PPP), turnkey contracts, etc suitably dovetailed with revenue streams
1.Every State government nominated atleast a single city except WEST BENGAL.
2. Patna, Kolkata and Bengaluru didn't manage to get nominate for smart city list.Bengaluru made into the list after missing the cut twice.
3.Total cost pf project is estimated about 1,89,256 crores and total urban population impacted will be 95,955,046
4.Cities have to compete in state level with the cities within the state and then state level winner will compete in a national level Smart city challenge. Only cities which get highest mark in a particular round will be part of the mission.
The Government asked the people to design their own cities and what they really expect from a smart city.
The Government hundreds of suggestions from the general public.
Most of the suggestions were concerned with the segregation of garbage at source, gymnasiums and toilets at gardens,upgrading municipal schools,rehabilation of hawkers,development of multi- speciality hospitals,better use of CCTV cameras for vigilance.
The first question is what is meant by a ‘smart city’. The answer is, there is no universally accepted definition of a smart city. It means different things to different people. The concept of Smart City, therefore, varies from city to city and country to country, depending on the level of development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of the city residents. A smart city would have a different connotation in India than, say, Europe. Even in India, there is no one way of defining a smart city.
For me smart city is the one which could really solve problems by utilising its own resources smartly and sustainably.
1.Smart solutions to Public information, grievance redressal, electronic service delivery, citizens’ engagement, waste to energy & fuel, waste to compost,.
2.100% treatment of waste water, smart meters & management, monitoring water quality, renewable source of energy, efficient energy and green building, smart parking, intelligent traffic management system.
3. Learning organization. Go from one level to another level. Self reliant and less dependent in the future.
4.Enhanced innovation and knowledge connecting ICTs and the people
A planned city would include planned architecture and planned construction but the element of smartness would be missing. The smartness in a city project comes with the involvement of advanced ICT infrastructure which can bring efficiency in city management and operations and helps in reducing wastage of resources.For eg Chandigarh

Solid Waste Management:

The city plans to collect its solid waste through Automated Waste Collection system through chute system where waste is sucked in pipes at a speed of 90km/hr. This will lead to minimum human intervention, minimum space requirement and a cleaner city. Waste is to be treated with plasma technology.

Gujarat International Finance Tec-city or GIFT city is regarded as the India's first Smart city.It is It is an under-construction central business district between Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar in Indian state of Gujarat. It
will be India’s first global financial and IT hub of its kind. The estimated cost of the entire project is $20 billion with an eventual built-on area of 7,900,000 m2 (85,000,000 sq ft).
Financial services and IT sectors are acknowledged as high growth for India.
As per McKinsey Study by 2020,these sectors could provide a potential 10 million to 11 million job and require about 800 mn sq ft of office space. because of this ;GDP contribution could outperform at a rate of 15 to 20 per cent
Opportunities are constrained because of:
• Infrastructure bottlenecks
• Overcrowded Cities

Self-sustained city
The city aims to provide quality and uninterrupted power supply to its citizens by sourcing power from independent sources with dedicated transmission infrastructure and having emergency power arrangements for critical areas of power.There is an estimation of underground cable system of 584 km.
A 10 MW solar plant has been installed
within the city on pilot study.

The city aims to provide fibre-optics infrastructure to each and every cabin in the city. It will also develop data centre to provide common ICT infrastructures services. About 8000 km of fibre is estimated to be installed and its nearly equaivalent to Ahemdabad-Chicago highway.
ICT Services
7% Commercial
11% Social
District Cooling System
Centralized air conditioning system so as to eliminate dependency on conventional system.
Total cooling load capacity=1,80,000TR
It reduces global warming potential (GWP) due to use of green refrigerant
From :-
(Prachi Nana Wakode, Reshma Raskar-Phule, Kaustubh Lunawat, Bhaswini Kokitkar, Pravin Londhe,Omeshwari Kurzekar)
As far sustainability is concerned, GIFT reflects a defined planning approach to ensure the amalgamation of concerns related to Environment and Green Buildings, optimum usage of energy, water, construction materials and traffic management. All these concepts can be replicated in smart cities across India

1.Land Use:- Global Force Space Index of 3.65 has been implemented.
2.Green Building Initiative:-A structure and the using of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout a buildings life cycle: from design,
construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition.
3.Landscaping:-Planting of evergreen , flowering
trees, columnar spread trees, ground-cover or lawn area.
4.Water Supply and Sewerage System:-Water requirement is 20 MGD.Concept of Zero Discharge City.
5.Solid Waste Management:-projected waste quantity of GIFT is 488 TPD.The GIFT city has automatic collection and
transportation system.

Case Study on Transportation Planning Aspects of GIFT City, Gujarat
FROM :-Srinivasa Reddy , Dr. K V Ganesh Babu b, Dr. D L N Murthy

GIFT City transport master plan aims at a transit oriented development based on walk to work approach, pedestrian friendly infrastructure with zero
fatal accidents, easy and fast mobility with minimum conflicts and efficient public transport systems which reduce the per capita energy basket. In accordance with the GIFT City transport vision, the transport infrastructure has been planned to cater to the daily demand as well as that of the peak hour and Multi Level Parking (MLP) lots have been proposed at suitable locations in the GIFT city. To enhance the mobility and safety in GIFT city, various smart transport applications like advanced traveller information system, security and surveillance system, intelligent parking management system, parking guiding system, automatic vehicle location and tracking, real time travel response etc are planned. GIFT City transport master plan addresses the needs of all users of GIFT City, thereby it can be called as "User-Centred Smart Transport System" and its makes it possible for all GIFT
City users to enjoy a world class life style in this vibrant global city
• https://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/gift-cit

• http://www.giftgujarat.in/

• Reddy, D. S., Babu, K. G., & Murthy, D. (2016). Transportation Planning Aspects of a Smart City–Case Study of GIFT City, Gujarat. Transportation Research Procedia, 17, 134-144. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2016.11.069

• Prachi, N.W., Reshma R.P., Kaustubh, Bhaswini, Pravin,Omeshwari(2017). Case Study on Sustainability. International Journal of Recent Advances in Engineering & Technology
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