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Transcript of Eisenhower
President Eisenhower and the 1950's
A Few Things about the President...
Mass Culture of the 1950's
- DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY, "Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), 34th President of the United States (1953-1961) and General of the Army". NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER. March 17, 2004 <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-e/d-eisnhr.htm>.
- "Domestic Affairs". Miller Center of Public Affairs. 2010 <http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/eisenhower/essays/biography/4>.
- "Poodle Skirt Plus Adult Costume". Deep Discount. 2010 <http://www.deepdiscount.com/Party-Seasonal_Costumes_Adults_Women/Poodle-Skirt-Plus-Adult-Costume/?utm_source=ChannelIntelligence&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=Google&ci_src=14110944&ci_sku=BSS142004>.
People often remember the Eisenhower years as 'happy days'
Due to the recent end to the depression and World War II, Eisenhower was depended upon to keep th economy stable.
The majority of the public thought that Eisenhower usually made the right choices. He had approval ratings of over 70 percent in the polls!
Civil Rights movement
Music and Fashion
Mild recessions slowed growth in 1953-1954, 1957-1958, and again in 1960, the economy expanded significantly during most of the 1950s
He signed legislation that expanded Social Security, increased the minimum wage, and created the Department of Health, Education and Welfare
His biggest domestic project, the Interstate Highway program, created a 41,000-mile road system
Eisenhower's greatest failure as President was his handling of civil rights
•Baby boom- About 79 million babies born from 1946-1964 •Male to Female labor: 5:3
•Life expectancies: Women, 71.1. Men, 65.6
•Korean fighting ends 1953
•Alaska and Hawaii become the forty-ninth and fiftieth states
•Dr. Jonas Salk creates a vaccine for polio
•Rosa Parks refuses to leave her seat on a Montgomery bus
•1954- official policy of “separate but equal” division of the races in education
•Later integration in schools began
•Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas a battleground for civil rights- Elizabeth Eckford had to be escorted into the school by soldiers
•Martin Luther King, Jr. initiates the Montgomery bus boycott- lasts for 385 days
•Women wore high heels, fluffy poodle skirts made of felt, and dresses
•French designers like Dior and Givenchy become popular and imitated in America
•Barbie dolls, hula hoops, silly putty, and shopping malls created
•Blue jeans worn by boys; become a symbol of America
•Drive-in movies, drive through restaurants, Ford cars
•Elvis Presley revolutionizes music- plays rock ‘n roll
•Southern blues and gospel music backed by a strong beat
•Frank Sinatra also popular
•Some top songs: Hound Dog, All Shook Up, Heartbreak Hotel and Jailhouse Rock by Elvis Presley, I Walk the Line by Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Two, Mona Lisa by Nat King Cole, and Ray Charles’ I’ve Got A Woman
•Science fiction becomes hugely popular
•1954- TV switches from black and white to color broadcasts
•I Love Lucy, Lassie, Disneyland, and The Honeymooners become popular shows
•Marilyn Monroe rises to stardom in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, How to Marry a Millionaire, and Niagara
Grace Kelly, Elizabeth Taylor and Cary Grant grace movie screens everywhere
Wanted to end the Korean war
maintained the vitality of the U.S. economy while still building sufficient strength to prosecute the Cold War
He was relying on nuclear weapons to deter Communist aggression or, if necessary, to fight a war
U.S Soviet Union Relations
He strengthening allies and winning the friendship of nonaligned governments
Eisenhower was using the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to carry out secret or covert actions against governments or leaders 'directly or indirectly responsive to Soviet control'
He was born David Dwight Eisenhower in Denison, Texas, October 14, 1890- reversed it to Dwight David Eisenhower when he enrolled at West Point Military Academy
Married Mamie Geneva Doud in July 1916.
They had two sons: Doud Dwight, who died of scarlet fever at three; and John Sheldon, who served in the U.S. Army, retired as a brigadier general, and became an author
Played football as a child, but failed to make the baseball team
Enrolled at West Pointe in 1911. Although his parents didn't support militarism, they wanted him to get an education
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Eisenhower became crucial in thinking of war plans against Germany and Japan; became Chief of War Plans
Eisenhower took charge of the attacks D-Day and to storm the Normandy beach to liberate western Europe; although never certain to be successful, D-Day or "Operation Overlord" as it was also known, succeeded. it was fought from June 6 to August 30 1944 as Canada, the U.S., and England stormed the beaches.
December 1944- becomes General of the Army in the U.S. and Field Marshall in many European Armies
Eisenhower later left Germany and became the President of Columbia University in 1948-50. In 1950 he left the University to be Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Later he ran for presidency in 1952 as a Republican and won against Democrats Adlai Stevenson and John Sparkman by a landslide- the first Republican return to the white house in 20 years. His vice president and running mate was Richard Nixon
He was elected president and was in office January 20 1953- January 20, 1961
Died March 28, 1969 at age 78, in Washington D.C.
About President Eisenhower