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Paraphrase Passport

An explanation of the Kagan learning structure Paraphrase Passport.
by

Marisa McDonald

on 22 April 2011

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Transcript of Paraphrase Passport

Paraphrase Passport Kagan learning structure Paraphrase Passport is the strongest Kagan Structure for developing Empathy. It can be used as students interact in pairs, small groups, or in the class as a whole. The rule is simple: You must accurately paraphrase the person who spoke immediately before you, before you can express your own ideas. Steps to Paraphrase Passport:
1. Teacher gives a discussion topic. 2. One student begins the discussion. 3. Any student can go next, but must accurately paraphrase what previous teammate said. Students learn paraphrasing starters such as, "If I hear you right..."
"Do you mean to say..." and
"Let me see if I got this right. You feel..." Paraphrasing chips or cards:
The chips or cards are spread out on the team table, face up. After discussion starts, any teammate can go next, but first he/she must select a paraphrase chip to paraphrase the prior speaker before he/she has the “passport” to speak. For example, the student may use the chip “I heard you say…” to paraphrase a teammate. Students place their used chips in front of them, so the team and the teacher can see who’s contributed and who still needs to contribute to the discussion. 4. The speaker must feel accurately paraphrased before he/she gives the other person the passport to speak. If not, the speaker says, "I don't seem to have made myself clear. Let me try again." Your Turn!
Use the Paraphrase Passport in your groups to discuss ways that you can use these Kagan structures in your own classrooms. Why use this structure?
It makes sure that the group is not one in which “everyone is talking and no one is listening.”

*Empathy is promoted by Paraphrase Passport because each speaker is held individually accountable for listening carefully to the person who just spoke.
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