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Amshega Bala

on 16 July 2013

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Ralph used Teamwork because without any help from the boy, Ralph wouldn't have been able to finish the shelters nor would he have built them as strong as they did when the boys did help.
Ralph: "Wait a minute! I mean, who built all three? We all built the first one, four of us the second one, and me and simon built the last one over there..." (Golding, 80).
Leadership Styles- Lord of the Flies
Responsibility means the state or fact of being answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management. Responsibility is a skill that gets added into what makes a good leader. In the story Lord of the Flies, William Golding has shown the characters develop into being responsible.
A leader is defined as an individual who commands and takes charge of a group to positively guide them to make the right decisions. There are many different types of leaders found in the world today, who lead based on their own terms and through numerous methods. Through the experiences of major characters, William Golding exhibits various leadership styles in his novel Lord of the Flies. It is seen in the novel, that in order to become an effective leader, one must possess the qualities of responsibility, determination, teamwork and logical thinking.
Determination is the act of coming to a decision or of fixing or settling a purpose. In Lord of the Flies, Ralph, Piggy, and Jack all prove that they share determination in their own ways. They start to develop this trait in order to become a crucial leader.
Cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of a group of persons acting together as a 'team' or in the interests of a common causes. In Lord Of the Flies without teamwork everything would have been a mess and things would have ended worse than it already did.
Logical Thinking
For one to think logically, it is essential for them to aim toward reasoning; also known as critical thinking, and for them to refer to an order of thinking which challenges assumptions. This way, whichever decision is made should not only be beneficial for the time being, but beneficial in the future as well. In Lord of the Flies, the characters prove how logical thinking is crucial to being a leader.
By: Simranjit, Simrat, Amshega, Samantha

To start off, Ralph shows logical thinking numerous times in the novel. When the Hunters and some of the other boys on the island think nothing of letting the fire go out to fulfil hunting needs, Ralph reminds them that
- “The fire is the most important thing on the island. How can we ever be rescued, except by luck, if we don’t keep a fire going?” (Golding, 74).
: Bigger picture, survival, rescue.

Moving on, as Ralph, Jack and Roger go up the mountain to find the ‘beast’, Ralph stops and thinks

- "If there was no beast- and most certainly there was no beast- in that case, well and good; but if there was something waiting on top of the mountain- what was the use of the three of them, handicapped by the darkness and carrying only sticks?” (Golding, 111).
: Acknowledges danger
Another time Ralph shows his logic is when dealing with chaos. When Piggy, Samneric and himself are confronting Jack about their stolen fire he asks them, - - -
- - “Don’t you understand, you painted fools? Sam, Eric, Piggy and me- we aren’t enough. We tried to keep the fire going, but we couldn’t" (Golding, 164).
: Reasoning, settling dispute

As the end of the boys’ stay on island approaches, the more chaos strikes and Ralph proves he can be logical, even in the most difficult of situations. While being chased by savages Ralph examines his options,
- “There were many things he could do. He could climb a tree; but that was putting all his eggs in one basket. If he were detected, they had nothing more difficult to do than wait…he could charge the cordon while it was still thin, burst through, and run back. But run back where?... Sooner or later he would have to sleep or eat- and then he would awaken with hands clawing at him; and the hunt would become a running down… He mastered his breathing for a moment, wiped his mouth and told himself to be calm…Hide was better than a tree because you had the chance of breaking the line if you were discovered” (Golding, 181-182).
: Focuses on options, remains calm
Jack on the other had used TeamWork for a different reason. Jack used teamwork because he needed help finding the pig. If jack had not used some help from his group he wouldn't have been able to get a pig.
Jack: "Look! We've killed a pig- we stole up on them- we got in a circle... we had to have them in the hunt... or there wouldn't have been enough for a ring" (Golding, 63-64).
Jack: “No. You two come with me” (Golding, 63)
Next, Piggy shows a great deal of logic in Lord of the Flies, and his thinking is very beneficial to survival. To begin with in the start of the novel, Piggy is the only reason a calling can be reached to the other school boys to gather as he points out the use of the conch. He suggests to Ralph,

-“We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting, They’ll come when they hear us” (Golding, 14).
: Puts to well use, gathers others
Also, when the island boys light a large amount of the forest on fire Piggy yells in frustration that

- “The first thing we ought to have made was shelters down there by the beach. It wasn’t half cold down there in the night… How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act proper?” (Golding, 40).
: Determines importance, strategical, prioritize
Skit 1:
Skit 2:
Leadership traits?
Skit 1:
Skit 2:
Logical Thinking
true or false?
- piggy makes a list of names; teamwork
-jack hunts for food; determination
-ralph always wants to keep a fire going; responsibility
Ralph, Jack and Piggy have very different leadership styles. Which two do you think are the most different?
Comparing Samneric to Roger, which one of them do you think would better suit the role of a dictator, or living under the rule of a dictatorship?
Even though Piggy is very intellectual, why does he not suit the role of an effective leader? What other traits does he need?
Discussion Questions:
- “We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages, we’re English, and the English are the best at everything.”
: Agrees to having rules
- “We’ve got to decide about being rescued,” (Golding, 19).

: Importance of rescue
- “‘We’ll get food,’ cried Jack, ‘Hunt. Catch things… Until they fetch us.’” (Golding, 30).
: Volunteers
- “We need an assembly. Not for fun. Not for laughing and falling off the log, or for cleverness. Not for these things. But to put things straight… I’m calling a meeting, even if we have to go on in the dark. Down in the platform when I blow it. Now,” (Golding, 69).
: Taking action
- “So remember. The rocks for a lavatory. Keep the fire going and smoke showing as a signal. Don’t take fire from the mountain. Take your food up there,” (Golding, 80).
: Sets ground rules, guides others
“Piggy moved among the crowd, asking names and frowning to remember them,” (Golding, 18).
: Watching over
To begin with, Ralph is known as the character who finds that civilization is what matters most. He only focuses on being rescued and makes that his top priority. Ralph reassures everyone and himself that they will be rescued and continues to keep this hope alive. He is very determined to keep everything that is happening on the island under control in order to figure out a way off the island.

"We want to be rescued and of course we shall be rescued"
"There's another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island, they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire."
Jack on the other hand is dedicated to hunting and finding food, He focuses more on survival. Even though he was afraid of killing, he shows a great amount of determination when hunting and continues to do so until he tracks his prey (pig).

"Jack tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill what was swallowing them up"
As for Piggy, he generally wants the best for everyone. In order for that to happen, he tries making everyone work together and get along, His determination focuses on no violence or arguments between the boys as well as getting Ralph's voice heard.

"We got no fire on the mountain. But whats wrongs with a fire down here? A fire could be built on them rocks, on the sand even. We'd make smoke just the same"
“It was dark. There was that –that bloody dance- There was lightning and thunder and rain. We was scared… It was an accident… that’s what it was. An accident,” (Golding, 145)
- Ralph is keeping a bigger picture in mind and focusing on what is to happen in the future for their civillization

- He realizes that the whole point of finding food, shelter etc. on the island is so they can survive- to later on be rescued

-Without the fire, there would be no way to get off the island, and he explains this to the boys.
- At this particular scene, the boys are slightly hesitant on confronting the beast. Pushed by the fear of seeming scared, they continue on the trail.

-Amid the want to not look weak, Ralph still stops and thinks. Despite the fact that Ralph does not believe in the beast, he acknowledges that in the event that a beast is actually on the island, the idiocracy in confronting it with only three people.

-He later on even goes to mention to the boys “We are being fools” (Golding, 111).
- Ralph, even though he is upset and disgusted with the behaviour of Jack and his so-called ‘tribe’, he still tries to reason with them.

- He shows logic in understanding that fighting and yelling at them for stealing the fire is not going to help the situation.

-He focuses on the bigger picture, and regardless of who is on whose side, he reckons that a fire is needed- for everyone.

-Whether they are friendly with one another or not, they all still want to be rescued.
- Even though Ralph is on verge of being killed by his school mates- one against a bunch, he focuses on his options

- Usually, in such a situation, one is rash and often does what they deem the quickest way out, not being rationale

- Ralph weighs out the choices and does his best to think with a calm mind to think of the most logical solution to his problem.
- This not only shows Piggy is intelligent and can identify the conch, but that he knows the use of it

- He applies it to the situation at hand and thinks about how they can use the conch to their advantage

-He knows that being scattered on the island will only be more troublesome for the school boys and sticking together will be the best for them.
- Even in a stressful situation, Piggy determines that making a shelter is more important than anything as they will need one before the night arrives

- He is strategically thinking as he states doing the most important things first will aid them in surviving longer

- Piggy is thinking toward the future instead of solely in the moment, his thinking is more critical
All in all, when the characters in the novel remember being logical when making predominant decisions, they end up making smarter decisions. It is important to be logical when taking on the role of leader to ensure a decision works well in the short term as well as the long term. When thinking logically it is necessary to not only look at one viewpoint but many, so a well-rounded as well as advantageous decision can be assembled.
Is there any time where you think Jack shows logical thinking? If not, why might this be so? How does his leadership style differ from those around him? What may his motivation be?
What comes to mind?
teamwork proves to be best for the boys
Shelters that were built was an example of how much teamwork is useful in their group
The boys could have stayed to finish the last shelter and could have md it stronger and even though the boys had left Ralph and simon stayed back.
Jack was having trouble finding a pig to kill
He decided to take some of the children in his group to go hunting with him
Jack had enough help with him making it easier for him to make a trap big enough to capture a pig
Jack uses his group to help him go hunting
Instead of jack going alone he takes the twins with him so they can help him capture the pig
The job gets done faster when Jacks group helps him with the hunting
What comes to mind?
- Telling the others that despite their fears, they will be rescued
- Cannot know for sure whether or not they will get off the island
- However, him stating it as a fact proves how determined he is
-Suggests to makes a fire (signal fire) for a boat that may be present to make it easier for them to be rescued
-Determined to find civilization and to get rescued by doing any possible thing he could.
- Determined to find food for the others due to survival purposes
-Very focused despite his previous feelings on killing
- Determined to have a fire and signal for rescue.
- Doesn't want the others to give up due to the fact of the beast being near their original fire location.
- When everyone is hopeless and down, Piggy gives uplifting suggestions to assure they have a fire.
"What are we hiding for?"
- Determined to get Piggy's glasses
- Stated that there was no reason to hide
- Proves that he still is a leader
What comes to mind?
-States that they are English
-Says that they need to follow the
rules because they are not savages
-demonstrates him having power
-Getting rescued was almost most important
-If they don't get rescued they'd be stuck on
the island forever
-Taking responsibility by telling the others
they all need to decide
-The kids need food to survive
-Jack took the responsibility of finding
food for everybody
-Wanted to be the one to hunt
-Ralph steps his foot down
-Decides it's time to be serious
-Showed responsibility by him thinking
what needs to be done and got it done
-Ralph makes rules for what everything is for
-Makes sure everybody has to follow them
-Shows responsibility by making sure that
nobody is going around doing whatever they want
-Asks everybody their names to try and
remember them
-Piggy taking responsibility to know
everybody's names
-Wants to make sure he knows of everybody
on the island
-Reassures Ralph everything was a mistake
-Does not want Ralph to think about it too much
-Shows responsibility by even being scared,
but still telling Ralph it was all a mistake and nobody's fault.
-Ralph steps his foot down
-Decides it's time to be serious
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