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Ancient Greece Research Project

Government and Law

Hannah Boykin

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greece Research Project

Cleisthenes is considered the founder
of Athenian democracy. Cleisthenis is considered the founder of Athenian democracy. The assemblies took place on the Pnyx(a hill in Athens) forty times a year. The policies they debated and voted on were decided by the council of five-hundred men. Only men were citizens, all were required to vote. Council of five-hundred men Democracy Ancient Greece was divided into many areas called city-states, each city-state had it's own government. Sparta was governed by the military while Athens had a democratic government. Many places began with monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and finally to democracies. Monarchy didn't last long in Athens a knew government system was developed in 800 B.C.E. However many places never changed to tyranny or democracy at all. Government and
Law By: Hannah Boykin The Athenians developed democracy around 510 B.C.E. (before common era) or the sixth century. Democracy; demos meaning people and kratos meaning rule Sparta's Laws In Sparta all boys had to train for the military at age seven until age thirty, then retire from the military at age 60. If they didn't pass their fitness test they were not considered citizens and had no political rights. The women had a great deal of freedom, they were taught reading, writing, and were educated to be fighters. Athens Laws In Athens the boys trained in gymnastics in order to be athletic, they learned to play the lyre (stringed musical instrument), sing, and studied literature. Lyre The females took care of the home, few were educated-in order to be interesting companions to the men who could afford to maintain them. Laws in Ancient Greece In Ancient Greece there were no professional lawyers or judges. Laws were decided by juries of ordinary citizens, there were several hundred to six-thousand depending on how important thier case was. They gave their verdict with bronze disks the hollow disk meant that they were guilty the solid disk meant that they were innocent. Jury Solid Hollow Bronze disks Government There were three main forms of government in Ancient Greece. Monarchy; ruled by a king, Cornith was a Greek city-state who used monarchy. Oligarchy; ruled by a small group, Sparta was a Greek city-state who used oligarchy. Last but not least there is Democracy; ruled by the citizens, voting in an assembly. I hope you enjoyed my
presentation on Government and Law in Ancient Greece!!!
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