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Biomes in North Carolina: Biotic, Abiotic, and Biodiversity

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Heidi Liles

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Biomes in North Carolina: Biotic, Abiotic, and Biodiversity

Biomes in North Carolina: Biotic, Abiotic, and Biodiversity
Got to know these!
Effects of Human Population growth, habitat alteration, introduction of invasive species, pollution, and overharvesting on various plant and Animal Species in NC
Explain effects of invasive nonnative specias (plant or Animal) on NC ecosystem
Thank You!
SO what did you learn? :)
What animal did I mention that is affected by trash left on the beach?
Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Hope you know the Terms!
Biomes-An area with the same characteristics through the area
Biodiversity-variety of living things in an area
Abiotic- nonliving factor of an area or environment.
Biotic- living organisms of an area or environment
SO How do Abiotic and Biotic factors determine biome classification?
Check this out first to help!:http://animoto.com/play/fL1lHzF017LupMyyRRTf8w#
Many factors can determine biome classification. Things like temperature, rainfall, plants, altitude,and geography can define the biome classific and the higher temperatures of an area can determine how much rainfall and what types of plants will grow there. Higher temperatures can mean less rainfall and plants that require less water, are more likely to grow in that area.For example, an area like this would be classified as more of a desert.
Compare Biotic and Abiotic factors on Biodiversity
Biotic
factors such as plants can affect the oxygen levels and depending on how much plant life, it can affect the amount of animals in the area which can affect what kinds of animals can live in the area. With a range of plant life, there can be a range of animal life.
Abiotic
factors such as water can affect what organisms can live in an area. With lower levels of fresh water, there are lower levels of plant life and animals that need fresh water, therefore, there are more plants and animals that require little water to survive.
These factors can cause a range of
biodiversity
in an area. Ranging from plant life to humans, biotic and abiotic factors can determine the biodiversity of an area.
EEn2.7.1 Explain how abiotic and biotic factors interact to create the various biomes in North Carolina
EEn.2.7.2 Explain why biodiversity is important to the biosphere
Symbiosis
-the relationship between two organisms where both live together and and depend on each other
Mutualism
-A relationship between organisms of two different species in which each member benefits
Commensalism-
a relationship between two organisms in which one benefits and the other gets neither benefit nor harm
Parasitism-
a relationship between two organisms in which one benefits and the other is harmed
Relationships Between Animals, Plants, and the Environment
Herbivores rely on plants as a source of food, so without plants, those animals would die. Without those herbivores, carnivores would die without a source of other animals to eat.
Plants would die with out the pollination by pollinators and without those plants, pollinators would die off.
Without plants or animals, the environment, therefore, is nonresistant.
Global Impact of Loss of Biodiversity
Without biodiversity, all organisms would be the same and would be competing for the same resources.
Once those resources are depleted, the organisms would die out.
For example, if all animals ate the same thing as loggerhead sea turtles, then those animals, and loggerheads, would die off and those resources would be drained.
EEn.2.7.3 Explain how human activities impact the biosphere
Summarize ways to mitigate human impact on the biosphere
Human population can cause high levels of pollution which can harm plant life and animals.
Any form of habitat alteration could result in detrimental effects on the animals and plants, Such as drought.
Introducing invasive species could pose a threat to native species leading to the endangerment of the species.
Overharvesting plants could lead to the lack of food for the animals and lead to their demise.
Introducing invasive nonnative species into an environment could lead to the demise or endangerment of the native species.
It could also lead to the destruction of the environment.
For example, introducing a tiger to the coastal plains of NC could lead to the endangerment of all forms of wildlife.
Not burning fossil fuels
Not littering in the water
Burning fossil fuels
Take precautions to prevent oil spills
All these things are simple, but also hard ways to help the biosphere.
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