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Transcript of Psychodynamic Therapy
Concept by Simund Freud
Low external influence
Long Term Strategy
By Ewan, Grant, Leigh and Steven
Background into theory and big players
Implementation and Approach Taken
Evaluate the Approach
Well known Sport Psychologist (Councillor)
Worked with British Cycling, Liverpool FC and other high profile atheltes
Similiar concept to Freud
Human, Chimp and Computer
What is catharsis?
Where does in come from?
Why is that important?
Why is this associated with Suarez?
Luis Alberto Suarez Diaz
Forward for Liverpool FC
Previous Clubs: Nacional, Groningen and Ajax.
Presentation on Charcots work
Electrotherapy = Hypnosis
29 became Neuropathology Lecturer
Born 6th May, 1856 in Freiberg, now Czech Republic
7 siblings - 2 older half brothers
Studied Medicine, became a junior physician in 1882 (age 26)
Cerebral Anatomy & Neurology
Theory of Consciousness
What is it?
“Catharsis a release of emotional tension after an overwhelming vicarious experience, resulting in the purging or purification of the emotions, as through watching a dramatic production (especially a tragedy)”Aristotle.
Therapist Client Contact
Client Incongruence or Vulnerability
Born in Salto (500 km from Capital)
Poor Lower Class Upbringing
Middle of 7 Brothers
Unwillingly Moved to Captial, Montevideo age 7
Father Abandoned the Family when Luis was 12
Struggled with self control 12-14
Football was seen as way helping his family- winning boots
“Suárez’s story is one of minimal education, maximum willpower and an unremitting lack of self-control. A stop-at-nothing attitude where the lines between what is acceptable and intolerable are stretched."
Biting Ivanovic – 10 match ban
Racially Abusing Evra – 8 week ban, £40,000 fine
Refusing to shake Evra's Hand
Bakkal Bite - 7 match ban
Ghana Hand Ball- "The 'Hand Of God' now belongs to me. I did it so that my team-mates could win the penalty shoot-out. When I saw Gyan miss the penalty it was a great joy". Luis Suarez, July 2010
Headbutting a referee at age of 15
Can be described as an advanced form of empathy
Relationship is Key
Analyst's own issues
A tool to be utilized
Hobson et al. (1998)
Transference and Countertransference
Viewed as one of the key points in the Freudian psychodynamic model
Transference is the client relating to the SP in ways that are similar to previous relationships(
Counter transference is the SP connecting with the client and relating it to their own past relationships
Regarded as the both a barrier and aid to the healing process
Transference is based on early experiences with important people in our life
Understanding transference is key
Intensity of transference depends on the ego
What relationship is being transferred
Types of transference - positive, negative, ambivalent
Jean Martin Charcot - Professor of Anatomical Pathology
Charcot began Freud's fascination with Psychological Neurosis instead of Physiological
Introduced to Hypnosis
Joseph Breuer Technique 1895 Studies of Hysteria
Self Analyses 1897
Establish Boundaries (Yambor and Connelly, 1991)
Mental Skills Application
Avoid medical approach and more development (Giges, 1998)
Begin to build rapport and trust (Rogers, 1961)
Patterns (Conroy, 2001)
Cartharsis in Action
Peters, S. (2012)
Bascombe, C. (2013). Luis Suárez: understanding Liverpool's savage genius. Available: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/teams/liverpool/10011356/Luis-Suarez-understanding-Liverpools-savage-genius.html. Last accessed 27th Nov 2013.
Freud, S. (1961). Fetishism. In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XXI (1927-1931): The Future of an Illusion, Civilization and its Discontents, and Other Works (pp. 147-158).
Giges, B. (1998). Psychodynamic concepts in sport psychology: Comment on Strean and Stran (1998). The Sport Psychologist, 12, 223-227
Kay, A. (2012) Saurez- The Mixed Up Kid Who Became A Hero To Millions. [Online] Available: www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article. [Accessed: 19th Nov 2013]
Lissardy, A. L. (2013). Luis Suárez uncovered: the Liverpool striker on his difficult early years. Available: http://www.theguardian.com/football/2013/sep/24/luis-suarez-upbringing-liverpool-book-extract. Last accessed 27th Nov 2013.
Luis Suarez Understanding Liverpools Savage Genius. (n.d) [Online] Available www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/22358. [Accessed19th Nov 2013]
Peters, S. (2012). The Chimp Paradox. Croydon: Ebury Publishing. 67-105.
Rogers, C.R. (1961). On becoming a person: A therapist's view of psychotherapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Stevens,R. (1983) Freud and Psychoanalysis. Suffolk: Open University Press
Yambor, J. & Connelly, D. (1991). Issues confronting female sports psychology consulatants working with male student-atheltes. The Sport Psychologist, 5, 304-312
Within us all there is an inner conflict (Freud, 1961)
Ambiguous Stimuli & Projective Test
No Empirical Evidence
Client Well being
Clients own feelings on the Process
De Haan, E (2011), 'Back to basics: How the discovery of transference is relevant for coaches and consultants today', International Coaching Psychology Review, 6, 2, pp. 180-193 .
Glassman, W., Glassman, W. E., & Hadad, M. (2004). Approaches to psychology 4th Editiion. Open University Press, pp. 204-214, 226-233 .
Hobson et al. (1998) R.P. Hobson, Matthew P.H. Patrick & John D. Valentine, ‘Objectivity in psychoanalytic judgements’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1998, 173, pp. 172-177.
Howard, S. (2009). Skills in psychodynamic counselling and psychotherapy. Sage Publications. 2009 pp. 91-97.
Huguet, S (2008), 'The psychodynamic approach: An asset for understanding the emotional side of the coach-player relationship?', Coaching & Sport Science Review, 46, pp. 19-20 .
Mander, G. (2000). A psychodynamic approach to brief therapy. Sage Publications 2000 pp 12-23 .
T. I. (Karel) Oei I (2006) ‘ambivalence in transference and counter-transference. feelings of rapprochement and rejection in psychoanalytic practice and disclosure as an analytic weapon’ Forensisch psychiatrische snippers (5e druk), 352-367.
Strean, W, & Strean, H (1998), 'Applying psychodynamic concepts to sport psychology practice', Sport Psychologist, 12, 2, pp. 208-222 .