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Paul Crumpacker

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of MOUNT FUJIIII

What is Mount Fuji's volcanic history and is it dangerous? What is the history of ascents up Mount Fuji? Why is Mount Fuji sacred and what are common reasons to climb it? I Mount Fuji is classified as an active volcano, which means that it's dangerous, but it hasn't erupted since 1707. It has had at least 16 eruptions since 781 AD. The most recent one in 1707 came from a southeast vent in the side of the volcano.It shooted out .8 cubic kilometers Mount Fuji is a sacred mountain to many of the Shinto religion and of the Japanese because it is what Sengen-Sama is the goddess of. Sengen-sama is also the goddess cherry blossoms. She has two shrines on the mountain, one at the foot and one at the summit. Mount Fuji is also named after the fire goddess Fuchi.Fuji is also the holiest of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains".
People often hike to the summit to see the shrine to Sengen-sama at the peak.Also,some hike through the night to see the sunrise from the summit, sometimes called Asama. Mount Fuji is a composite volcano created an estimated 600,000 years ago, supposedly. It is considered dormant, having last erupted in 1708, and there is still a chance for it to erupt. Before the 1708 eruption there were 16 known eruptions, with the volcano having only one time where it had several eruptions within a short time.
At the peak of the volcano there is a giant crater, 800 meters across and 200 meters deep. According to Buddhism historical accounts, Mount Fuji rose in an earthquake that also created Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. The first ascent was made by an anonymous monk in 663 A.D., and several more ascents happened afterwards but only by men. Women were forbidden to climb Mount Fuji until the Meiji Era. The first ascent made by a foreigner was by Sir Rutherford Alcock in September of 1860, 8 hours for the ascent and 3 hours for the descent. The wife of Sir Harry Parkes, Lady Fanny Parkes, was the first foreign woman to make the ascent in 1867. According to sacred-destinations.com... According to Wikipedia.org... According to Japan-guide.com...
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