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ENG 101 2018 Timeline and Texts

For English 101 at UC-Merced

Katherine Brokaw

on 8 December 2018

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Transcript of ENG 101 2018 Timeline and Texts

Medieval and Renaissance British Literature Timeline
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
York Play of the Crucifixion, ca. 1425
Wakefield Second Shepherd's Play, ca. 1450-75

John Skelton, ca. 1460-1529
Thomas Wyatt, 1503-1542
"Whoso List to Hunt"
"They Flee From Me"
Manuscripts circulate
at court 1520s-30s




Beowulf (composed ca. 750-950)
Anglo-Saxon Britain ca. 450-1066
Norman Conquest
Reign of Henry II
of Marie de France, ca. 1165-80

Anglo-Norman Britain
Medieval Britain
Renaissance/Early Modern Britain
Old English/Anglo Saxon English
French loan words enter English
Later Middle Ages
Middle English
ca. 1375-1400
Alliterative Revival
Canterbury Tales
Geoffrey Chaucer, ca. 1386-99
Magna Carta
and Fourth Lateran Council
Black Death
c. 1347-53
ca. 1380
Wycliffe's followers
translate Bible into English
Early records of cycle drama begin
Brome Abraham and Isaac, ca. 1400-25
Tudor Britain, 1485-1603
Henry VII crowned
First Tudor King,
reigns 1485-1509
Henry VIII, 1509-47

Edward VI,
Mary I, 1553-58
The Book of Margery Kempe
ca. 1432-8
"Mannerly Margery Milk and Ale"
"With lullay, lullay, like a child"
" The Tunning of Elinour Rumming"
1525: Tyndale's first bible
1527: Divorce crises begins
1536: Act of Supremacy
1536: Dissolution of Monasteries
1539: Great Bible printed
1549: Book of Common Prayer,
for a Protestant England
England becomes
officially Catholic again
Caxton begins printing
books in England, 1470s
"Oration of Queen Mary"
Elizabeth I, 1558-1603
"The Doubt of Future Foes"
"Speech to the Troops at Tillbury"
1559: Act of Uniformity (Protestant church of England)
1560: Geneva Bible printed
1576: James Burbage builds the Theater in London
1577-80: Drake sails around the world
1587: Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
1588: Spanish Armada
1599: Globe Theater Opens

Martin Luther's 95 Theses, 1517
King James Bible, 1611
Acts and Monuments (Book of Martyrs)
John Foxe, 1516-87
First printed 1563
1580: Montaigne's Essays
1588: Hariot's
Report of Virginia

Christopher Marlowe, 1564-93

Doctor Faustus
Acted early 1590s; printed 1604 and 1616
Sir Philip Sidney, 1554-86

Astrophil and Stella
Printed 1591
William Shakespeare, 1564-1616
Twelfth Night
, 1599
James I, 1603-25
1605: Gunpowder Plot
1607: Founding of Jamestown Colony
1619: African slave trade begins
Stuart Britain, 1603-49
Interregnum, 1649-1660
Charles I, 1625-49
1629: Charles dissolves Parliament
1642: English Civil War Begins; Parliament closes theaters
1648: Second Civil War
1649: Charles executed
Ben Jonson, 1572-1637
Masque of Blackness, 1605
Works published in 1616
John Donne, 1572-1631
"The Flea"
"The Canonization"
"A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning"
"To His Mistress Going to Bed"
Holy Sonnets
Poems printed 1633
George Herbert, 1593-1633
The Temple
Published 1633
"The Altar"
"Easter Wings"
"Affliction (I)"
"Jordan (II)"
"The Collar"
"Love (III)"
John Milton, 1608-1674
Paradise Lost
Printed 1667, 1674
Edward the Confessor, 1042-1066
Anglo-Saxon conquest
begins around 450

King Alfred, 871-99
William I, 1066-87
Married to Eleanor of Aquitaine
Crusades: 1095-1221
Richard II, 1377-99
House of Plantagenet, 1154-1399
Archbishop Becket murdered
in Canterbury
defended Wessex
(English kingdom)
against Viking raids
"That was one good king" (THat waes god cyning!) l. 11
"I have heard." (Hyrde ic THaet) l. 62
"He had dwelt for a time
in misery among the banished monsters." (ll. 104-5)
"He is truly noble." (l. 250)
"Unlocked his word-hoard." (Word-hord onleac) l. 259
"Fate goes ever as fate must" (Wyrd) l. 455
"He did not consider that life of much account to anyone anywhere." ll. 792-3
"a foreign man without support
is very sorrowful in another land" ll. 36-7
"tell no one about this!" l. 145
"he goes along thinking about his adventure
and worrying to himself." ll. 197-8

"Many have told and recounted to me
and I have found it written." ll. 5-6
"This was the sum of the writing." l. 61
"For boldly he rode in,/Completely emerald green." ll. 149-150
"But because your name, sir, is so highly regarded." l. 258
"See, Gawain, that you carry out your promise exactly." l. 448
"So that Yule went by, and the year ensuring,
Each season in turn following the other." ll. 500-1
"Then they brought out the shield of shining gules
With the pentangle painted on it in pure gold." ll. 619-20
"On the next day, when everyone remembers the time
When God who died for our salvation was born..." ll. 995-6
"'Will you keep this promise now, at this very instant?'
'Yes, sir, assuredly,' said the true knight." ll. 1089-90
"He felt concerned for good manners, lest he behave like a boor,
And still more lest he shame himself by an act of sin." ll. 1773-4

"This would be a godsend for the hazard he must face."
l. 1865

"But I will go to the chapel, whatever may chance,
And discuss with that man whatever matter I please
Whether good or ill come if it, as destiny decides." ll. 2132-5

"But I shall look at it often as a sign of my failing." l. 2433
"Inspired hath in every hult and heeth
the tender croppes." ll. 6-7
"And gladly wolde he lerne, and gladly teche." l. 308
"For trewely, confort ne mirth is noon
To ryde by the weye domb as a stoon." ll. 775-6
Pardoner's Prologue and Tale
"For myn entente is nat but for to winne
And no thing for correccion of sinne." ll. 115-6
Radix malorum est cupiditas
." l. 138
"O cursed sinne of all cursednesse!
O traitours homicide, O wikkednesse!" ll. 607-8
"But sires, oo word forgat I in my tale:
I have relikes and pardon in my male..." ll. 631-2
Wife of Bath's Prologue
"Experience, though noon auctoritee." l. 1

"Of five housbandes scoleying am I." l. 50

King Harold, 1066
The Bayuex Tapestry
History of English in 10 minutes
"We se sodan sightys when othere men slepe." ll. 198-9
"I shall say thou was light
Of a knave-child this night." ll. 487-8
"If ever I you beguild
That I ete this childe
That ligys in this credyll." ll. 774-6
"Forsothe, already
It semys to be told
Full oft." ll. 1082-4
Wakefield "Second Shepherd's Play"
"Then to this work us must take heed,
so that our working be not wrang. ll. 25-6
"These cords have evil increased his pains
Ere he were till the borings brought." ll. 145-6
"Forgive these men that do me pine
What they work wot they nought." ll. 260-1
York "Crucifixion Play"
"I love my child as I do my life
But yet I love my God much more." ll. 81-2
"Where is your quick beast that ye should kill?" l. 138
"Grouch not against our Lord God." l. 456
Brome Play of Abraham and Isaac
"I had rather seen you be slain that we should turn to our uncleanness." p. 427
"As free may your body be to God as it has been to me." p. 428
"...and this manner of crying endured many years after this time for aught that any man might do. l. 430
"daughter, I will have you wedded to my Godhead." p. 431
"Sir, his death is as fresh to me as if he had died this same day." l. 435
Middle English Lyrics
"Blessed be the time that apple taken was."
"His woundes bleeding by day and night."
"An hendy hap ich habbe yhent."
"Ich am of Irlonde."

"To poll their tops we see such change or gap for future joy." p. 758
"I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of
a king, and a king of England, too." p. 763
"We do reject women, as those whom nature hath made to keep home and to nourish their family and children, and not to meddle with matters abroad, nor to bear office in a city or commonwealth." --Sir Thomas Smith
"Now, loving subjects, what I am, ye right well know." l. 726
"I cannot tell how naturally the mother loveth the child, for I was never yet the mother of any...." p. 726

"Then the bishop's chancellor rebuked me and said that I was much to blame for uttering the scriptures." p. 686
"I said also that such unadvised and hasty judgment is token apparent of a very slender wit." p. 687
"...being compassed in with flames of fire, as a blessed sacrifice unto God, she slept in the Lord, in anno 1546, leaving behind her a singular example of Christian constancy for all men to follow." p. 688
"swoll'n with cunning of a self conceit
his waxen wings did mount above his reach
and melting heavens conspired his overthrow." prologue ll. 20-22
"Divinity, adieu!" 1.48
"Resolve me of all ambiguities." 1.80
"Then fear not Faustus, but be resolute.
And try the uttermost that magic can perform." 3.14-15
"Oh, something soundeth in my ears!" 5.7
"Come, I think hell's a fable." 5.126
"It may be me ghost newly crept out of purgatory." 7.72

"Sure, these are no spirits, but the true substantial bodies of those two deceased princes." 9.61
"What are thou, Faustus, but a man condemned to die?" 10.24
"Was this the face that launched a thousand ships and burnt the topless towers of Ilium"? 12.81-2
O lente lente currite noctis equi
!" 13.66
"whereupon they supposed us to be gods, and would not be persuaded to the contrary." p. 72
"there is nothing in that notion that is either barbarous or savage, unless men call that barbarism which is not common to them." p. 389

"Fool, said thy muse to me, look in they heart and write." (I)
"I am not I; pity the tale of me." (XLV)
"I may, I must, I can, I will, I do." (XLVII)
Henry V, 1413-22

War of the Roses, 1455-85
Edward III, 1312-77
Advocate of the
English language
and Parliamentary
c. 1348: establishes
Order of the Garter

Henry IV, 1399-1413
1381: Peasants' Revolt
1399: Richard II deposed
by Henry IV

Richard III, 1483-85
Edward IV, 1461-83
Edward V, 1483
Anne Boleyn
Catherine of Aragon
Jane Seymour
The Protectorate
Oliver Cromwell 1653-58
Richard Cromwell 1658-9
Charles II, 1660-85
"And in this flea, our two bloods mingled be."
"For God's sake hold your tongue and let me love."
"As stiff twin compasses are two...."
"How blest am I in this discovering thee!"
"At the round earth's imagined corners blow"
"Nor ever chaste, except you ravish me."
"Those are my best days, when I shake with fear."
"But with my years, sorrow did twist and grow."
"Let me not love thee, if I love thee not."
"There is in love a sweetness ready penned:
Copy out only that and save expense."
"Methoughts I heard one calling 'Child';
And I replied, 'My Lord.'"
"So I did sit and eat."
"Sing heavenly muse." (1.6)
"And justify the ways of God to men." (1.26)
"Better to reign in Hell than to serve in Heaven." (1.263)
"...another world, the happy seat
Of some new race called Man, about this time
to be created like to us." 2.347-9
"She opened
But to shut excelled her power." 2.883-4
"Which thus must ever fight
Unless th'Almighty Maker them ordain
His dark materials to make new worlds." 2.914-6
"Revenge at first thought sweet
Bitter ere long back on itself recoils." (9.171-2)
"How are we happy, still in fear of harm?" (9.326)
"and ye shall be as Gods
knowing both good and evil as they know." (9.708-9)
"What, would ye frumple me? Now fie!"
"The best cheap flesh that ever I bought."
"Then sweetly together we lie
As two pigs in a sty."
"Since in a net I seek to hold the wind."
"Noli me tangere, for Caesar's I am."
"Thanked be fortune it had been otherwise."
"Dear heart, how like you this."
Stripping of the altars: Protestant iconoclasm

Metrical psalms


"And now faith, hope, and charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity."
1620: Pilgrims land in New England
Henry VI, 1422-61

"This beast has intelligence and understanding." l. 157
"He considered it a great wonder." l. 168
"he feels terrible shame about it." l. 288
"The adventure you have heard was true." ll. 315-6
William Dunbar, 1459-1520
"The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy"
"Lament for the Makars"
Timor mortis conturbat me
"Our pleasance heir is all vane glory" (l. 5)

Monarchs during the "Twelfth Century Renaissance"
House of York, 1461-85
House of Lancaster, 1399-61
1415: Defeats French
at Battle of Agincourt
Katherine Philips, 1632-64
"A Married State"
"On the Death of my First and Dearest Child, Hector Philips"
Seamus Heaney, 1939-2013

Sutton Hoo
Strattfordshire Hoard

"That great heart rested."
(Reste hine THa rum-heort.) l. 1799
"I am left with nobody." l. 2252
"His fate hovered near." l. 2421
"Gone to earth/as useless to men now as it ever was." ll. 3167-8
Manuscript Illumination

Lindisfarne Gospels, c. 698
Winchester Bible,
late 12th century
William de Brailes' work, mid 13th c.
Luttrell Psalter, 14th c.
Macclesfield Psalter and Alphabet Book
Images on the Edge
More: British Library manuscripts online at https://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/





Wife of


General Prologue
"If music be the food of love, play on." 1.1.1
"I'll do my best
To woo your lady. Yet barful strife!
Whoe'er I woo, myself would be his wife." 1.4.40-2
"Dost thou think because thou art virtuous there shall be no more cakes and ale?" 2.3.105

"Would thou'dst be rule by me!" "Madam, I will." 4.1.61-2
"You are betrothed to both a maid and a man." 5.1.261
"I'll be revenged on the whole pack of you!" 5.1.373

"Welcome to the Renaissance" (?!)

"Turn turn, apostate to love's
levity." (l. 14)
"A sorrow unforseen and
scarcely feared." (l. 7)
Hundred Years' War, 1337-1453

"He did not consider that life of much account to anyone anywhere." ll. 792-3
"She had snatched their trophy, Grendel's bloodied hand." l. 1302
"They are fatherless creatures
and their whole ancestry is hidden in a past
of demons and ghosts." ll. 1355-7
"That great heart rested." (Reste hine THa rum-heort.) l. 1799
Irish Lyrics and Exeter Book
"And I breathe easy."
"Every acorn's born to rot."
"The weary mind cannot withstand wyrd." (l. 15)
"my heart's desire urges my spirit
time and again to travel, so that I might seek
a foreign land somewhere far from here." (ll. 36-38)
"when the bold warrior's arms embraced me--
it was sweet to me, yet I also despised it." (ll. 11-12)
"Woe to the one
who must wait with longing for a loved one." (ll. 52-3)

Modern English
Viking Ships

"The woman loved her neighbor." l. 23
"I will send him the adventure." l. 134
Christine de Pizan
Sword of the Valiant Trailer
Gawain BBC

Mandeville's Travels c. 1360
"the Holy Land...passing all other lands, is the most worthy land" (p. 599)
"a monster is a thing deformed against kind, both of man or beast or anything else." (p. 601)
"Alas! that is a great slander to our faith and to our law when folk that be without law shall repove us." (p. 609)
Full transcript