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Important People in Education's History
Transcript of Important People in Education's History
1. The need for freedom within limits
2. A carefully prepared environment which guarantees exposure to materials and experiences. Elizabeth Peabody Peabody created the first kinderguarten in the U.S. in 1860. Inspired by Froebel, she wrote several books concerning early childhood education. Charles R. Brown Circuit Court Justice Charles R. Brown was the judge in the Kalamazoo Case. He was found in favor of the school board being funded. the case went to the supreme court but the court was still in favor of the school being funded. I could not find his picture so here is the historical marker Thomas Jefferson Jefferson's attempt to pass the "Bill for Universal Education at the Public Expense" was to ensure free education for students that will be funded by taxes. Oliver Brown Oliver brown was the man who filed suit against the Board of Education of Topeka. in order to send his children to a safer school. This suit lead to the ruling that "Separate but Equal" is inherently not equal and segregation was banned from schools. Booker T. Washington Booker T. Washington opened a normal school for African americans in 1881. He instructed the students to build the school (he only had students, no building) so they gained practical skills and show that African Americans can be productive members of society. Anthony Benezet Benezet established the Friends' English School of Philadelphia in 1754 for free and enslaved African Americans believing that slavery was against his christian teachings. Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin established a school for African African Americans in 1774, in order to help them integrate with society. He was also the president of the abolitionist society. Lau Lau was an Asian American who was facing serious difficulties due to his lack of knowledge in the English language. Because of this the Lau vs Nichols case took place leading to special programs which helped children learn in their own language as well as in English. (Lau Remedies)