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Thailand

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by

Linda Infinger

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Thailand

The Flag of Thailand
Thailand flag was originally adopted on September 28, 1917
5 horizontal stripes comprised of the colors red, white and blue,
Each color has its own meaning
• In Thailand, there is complete religious freedom. All religions can be practiced in Thailand in peace and without conflict. The government supports all religions and does not want anyone to feel unwelcome due to their religion.
Theravada Buddhism
History
Moral code
Four Noble Truths
Buddhist Temples
Majors Coup d'état
Thailand has struggled with the balance of power between military, political and monarchy.
19 coups d'etat
11 Successful
8 Failures
What is the most significant coup?
Siamese Revolution of 1932
June 24, 1932.
lead by a group of military officials and civilians
Significance?
Ended the Chakra Dynasty
Changed government system from absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarch
More Recently
2006 Thai Coup d'etat
Executed on September 19th.
Thai Royal Army seized power
Resulting in:
New prime minister
Many rights were restricted
Bahts an also be divided into 100 satangs
Coins come in denominations of 1,2,5, and 10 bahts
Notes are in denominations of in denominations of 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 baht
THB/USD=31.29 Bahts
Currency
Exchange
Rate
The Thai baht is the currency of Thailand
Thai Baht
Thai Baht Notes
Notes are printed on paper or plastic like material
Portrait of His Majesty King Bhumibol or a deceased relative
Google
Currency
Mainly in instruments
Drums, strings, cymbals, Zither
very popular in the North
influenced by laos to the northeast
Mo lam:
popular style of folk
the lao khaen
Sukhothai Period(1250-1350)
Carvings at Angkor: Khong wong yai


The early history of Thai music is hazy due to a lack of surviving documentation.
Very minor Indian influence
"Classic" or "High-Art" Music
Traditional music flourished under royal patronage

Thai music we know today is mostly of this period and later.
*Regardless of other influence, traditional music is distinctively Thai.
new government discouraged traditional music
Strong western influence
Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra
traditional music began to dwindle
Music as a profession also faded
Political Designation
Constitutional Monarchy
Composed of a House and a Senate
The Senate is composed of 150 members who server six year terms.
The House is composed of 500 members who serve four year terms.

Reigning since 1946
Born in the United States in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
9th King of the Chakkri dynasty
First Female Prime Minister of Thailand
Began her term in 2011
"sa-wat-dii"
(informal)
For Men the participle is "Krap",
for Women "Ka".
Polite participles are used in the Thai language to indicate the difference between men and women.
These can be used at the end of a statement or question.
Thai flute (pi nai)
A Thai Musician: "... the Cambodian cultures in music, dances, architectural arts remained dominant over the Thais." (1955)
Ayuthaya the center and capital of Thailand
music flourished as a hobby and an occupation
creation of instruments
Most documentation lost with the fall of Ayuthaya.
Thai zither (Chakhe)
Ranat-ek
composed music played by professionals for performance
Three types
pi-phat, khruang sai, and mahori.
Ranad Ek
Khawng Wong Yai
Ta Phon
A pair of Glawng That
Pi Nai
(Thai flute)
Ching
classical and folk music still present
western-style popular music prevails
uk thung
indigenous pop style; heard throughout the country
Thai National Anthem "Phleng Chat Thai"
Current anthem established in 1939
played every day at 8.00 and 18.00
http://importfood.com/videos/038-Dish8.html
Roti
A South Asian flatbread
Composition
Maps
Seasons
Hot/Dry: March-May
Tropical climate
Rainy:June-October
History
Language
"Hello"
วั"sa-wat-dii, khráp"
(polite, speaker is man)
ัส"sa-wat-dii, khâ"
(polite, speaker is woman)
History
Ayuthaya Period (1350-1767):
Colonial ("Classic") Period (late 1800's-1932):
1932: Monarchy Overthrown
Khmer (Cambodian) Influence:
Chinese Influence (1253)
Classical
Folk
Today's Music
MUSIC
Religion
Religious makeup

Theravada or Hinayana Buddhism is the national religion of Thailand.

95% of Thailand is Buddist, 4% is Muslim and 0.5% is Christian and the other 0.5% is made up of Hindu, Sikhs and other religions.

Education Levels
Poorly Ranked
Ranked 37th out of 40 Countries
Due to:
Confusing school regulations that constantly change.
Teacher are forced to pass their students even if they are falling behind or failing their studies.
Large class sizes
Laziness.
Thailand's Educational System
Economy
2ND largest South Asian Economy, Behind Indonesia.
Mainly export-dependent
Exporting: rice, fish, textiles, automobiles, jewelry, etc.
King of Thailand:
Bhumibol Adulyade
Prime Minister of Thailand: Yingluck Shinawatra
• Level 1: first three years of school
o KG1 to KG3 – 3 years to 5 years old
• Level 2: Primary or elementary school (Prathomsuksa or Prathom)
o P1 to P6 – 6 years to 11 years old
• Level 3: Secondary school (Mattayomsuksa or Mattayom)
o M1 to M6 – 12 years to 18 years old

Major wars
"Wai"
THis is the traditional Thai greeting.
Instead of giving a handshake, hug or kiss, Thai press their hands together infront of thier chest and give a slight bow
Very similarly related to Chinese.
89% literacy rate, even though Thai script and language is very hard to master.
WELCOME TO
THAILAND!

EARLY EMPIRES
SUKHOTHAI KINGDOM
AYUTTHAYA KINGDOM
THONBURI KINGDOM
RATTANAKOSIN KINGDOM
History
Significant leaders
(
Somdet Phra Chao Taksin the Great
)
(1238-1350)
(1350-1767)
(1767-1782)
(1782-PRESENT)
(Colonizing)
(
Somdet Phra Naresuan the Great
)
Reigned ask from (1767 -1782)
Reigned from (1590-1605)
(
Phrabat Somdet Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke
)
Reigned from (1782 – 1809)
http://www.nytimes.com/video/world/asia/100000001965751/morphing-monasteries.html
Full transcript