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History of Cosmetology
Transcript of History of Cosmetology
History of Cosmetology
In the Roman ages most women braids
One type of hairstyle called the sini crenes symbolized chastity
They used crushed chalk rocks as eyeshadow
The ladies were so desperate to have a fair complexions they covered their faces with poisonous materials such as chalk powder, white lead and marl
Believed pink on the cheeks to a be a sign of gold health
To make their nails more pink they applied a mixture made with sheep fat and blood
Hair was enhanced with a mixture of Beeches Ash and goat’s fat
Men also wore perfume
Sini crenes- the oldest hairstyle
Ladies were famed for wearing
'too much rouge", meaning
they wore a lot of eyeshadow
Used animal fat for the
most part of their makeup
The Egyptians were the first to use cosmetics for their personal beautification, in religious ceremonies, and when preparing the descend for burial. The first clothing was also made by egyptians in 3000 bc.
http://www.fashion-era.com/hats-hair/hats_hair_6_hairstyles_fashion_history_1900_1920.htm#Hair Styles 1901-1914
For ancient Egyptians , appearance was an important issue. It indicated a person's status, role in society or political significance. Egyptian hairstyles varied with age, gender and social status.
Women's hair was usually shaved bald however there were some who didn't shave their hair and used henna instead to cover grey hair.
Women usually wore wigs. The most known wig was a short blunt hair cut with a fringe.
The dead were usually buried in their tombs with their wigs because they believed that it was needed even in the afterlife.
Men's hair was also shaved bald with only a ponytail left.
Babies hair was shaved with a braid left on the side of their head.
Priests had to keep their entire bodies cleanly shaved. They also had to remove their eyebrows and eye lashes.
Women wore long tight pleated shirts made of linen or cotton. They also wore dresses with shoulder straps.
Men wore shot skirts made out of lion cloth.
They also wore a band of cloth over the shoulders.
They usually wore necklaces and breast plates of gold.
Those who had power wore head dresses with a cobra on it.
Egyptians used minerals, insects and berries to create makeup.
They used henna to stain their hair and nails.
Black eyeliner was widely used.
Ocher was applied for rouge.
Oils and creams, often scented, kept skin moist in the dry climate.
Wearing green eye paint was thought to summon the protection of Hathor, the goddess of beauty.
Woman wore foundation that is lighter then their skin tone.
They put a lot of mascara to make their eyes darker.
No body wore blush at this time.
Women wore dark coloured lipstick.
Glitter was sometimes used.
Brows were not groomed.
In the early 1900s, women used pads and
frames to build their hair up. They used these
pads to support their hair to make a topknot.
They called this the Pompadeur style or the Gibson Girl style it later evolved into the Edwardian styles
This is like the modern day messy bun but with the bun closer to the crown.
Some younger women, did a half up half down look. they would tie half their waves into the Gibson Girl style and leave the rest of their waves down.
Straight hair, pixie cut, side partings, spiked hair and crew cuts were all very popular at that time.
Teenagers had longer hair and flat top cuts.
Girls usually wore head bands and scrunches.
Flat ironing came into fashion, as did razor cutting
Perhaps the most popular hairstyle of the 1990s was “The Rachel”, which was made popular by the television show “Friends” and named for the character of “Rachel Green” played by Jennifer Anniston.
The spiral curl perms and rocker-chick mullet styles were popular.
Alternative rock and neon colours was popular.
Fluorescent clothing and hoop earrings were popular.
Converse and soccer shorts were also popular for guys.
The skirts were also the shortest in the 1990s.
Tevas and feathered bangs were worn a lot.
JanSport backpacks were very popular and if you didn't have one there was no point of going to school.
The Middle Age Hair
Women liked to have high foreheads, long necks and dull eyebrows.
It was seen as sinful by the medieval church, that women hid their hair with veils, nets, hoods and hats.
Women in the hotter european areas were aloud to braid their hair.
The only women who left their hair unconcealed were peasants, prostitutes and very young unmarried girls.
Eyebrows were tweezed within an inch of their lives.
Many women tinted their hair blonde with saffron, stale sheep's urine, onion skins, or by spending time in the sun.
Plaited and braided hairstyles were extremely popular during the medieval period for women of all ages and all classes.
Around the end of the 13th century, a very popular form of hairstyle was the ramshorn.
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages Makeup
Make-up became so important that it was used as social ranking. The lowest class were in charge of coming up with the newest styles and providing it for the rich and noble woman
Pallor was preferred and smooth skin was highly prized.
Freckles,moles, and birthmarks were thought to be devil's mark on those who were accused of witchcraft.
Women used enough makeup to keep their husbands, but not enough to tempt the husbands of others.
Not a lot of eye makeup was worn at that time.
Women wore coloured makeup on their cheeks and lips, but not on their eyes.
Women used to drop deadly nightshade into their eyes to dilate the pupils and make them appear bigger.
Similar rouge and also crushed berries were used to stain their lips.
Women use to use a medieval trend for rubbing lemons on your lips to get a deeper colour.
Mixture of white marl the ladies applied to their faces
Many women were scared to cut their hair in case long hair became back in style.
Many women went into barber shops to cut their hair into "bobs" and most men got offended by them and declared barber shops should only be for men.
The Middle Ages Clothes
Most people wore woolen clothing, with undergarments made of linen.
People who were wealthier wore brighter colors, better materials, and a longer jacket.
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, wealthy men wore a jacket, often with pleating or skirting, or a tunic with a surcoat.
Women wore flowing gowns and elaborate headwear, ranging from headdresses shaped like hearts or butterflies to tall steeple caps and Italian turbans.
Monk's wore plain clothes but they were comfortable and they were allowed to wear linen coifs to keep their heads warm.
In 1920s the "bob cut " was invented. Women started to like heavy fringes, short hair, sleek styles with big accessories like bows, feathers,and headbands. Also, many women were into the wavy style of bob cuts.
Like most eras the women preferred pallor
Wide foreheads were favored
Women often used a volcanic rock called pumice to hide any evidence of any tweezed hairlines
Important to assure that no lines cracked the serenity of their brow
Eyelashes were short and thin.
Vermilion was commonly used on the lips as what we know today to be lipstick
Their 'lipstick' could either be left natural or tinted to highly defined,creating a luscious red color.
Only female slaves wore their hair short.
Free women had long hair, but after they got married they would usually wear it in a bun.
They decorated their hair with jeweled combs, hair pins, scarfs and other accessories
During Hellenistic times, Greek women also started to artificially wave and curl their hair.
Greek women would usually lighten their hair by applying vinegar on their hair and then spend time in the sun.
To take care of their hair, ancient Greek women used olive oil.
Women in this decade started to develop more of a Hollywood style. They usually pin curls, Pomade, Marcel waves, snoods and finger waves.
Snoods-a hairpiece worn to secure the hair. I would be made from rope or thick wool. Snoods were worn back then and still now.
Pomade- a styling product to make the hair sleek and glossy.
Finger waves- are waves to make the bob look softer. They are made to look like and "S" on the side of the face.
Marcel waves- are waves like finger waves except they are made by heated clips.
Women today still wear snoods. They are sold in many stores you may know for example, ASOS, a UK company and Forever 21
This look may remind you of the movie The Great Gatsby, because it was set in this decade.
It started out more of modesty and natural beauty
Practiced restraint with their makeup
Still used powder to tone down shine and give the skin a glow
Eye shadow and lipstick were very pale in tone
Bold colors and heavy makeup application was initially considered taboo
This stance backfired, making women once again want that which was considered “naughty”
Fashion in the 1950s
Femininity was stressed
Lace, frills, and flounces the order
of the day
Women wore layers of clothing, beginning with muslin pantaloons
Multiple petticoats that added almost 15 extra pounds to their weight
Wore corsets that didn't allow them to breathe correctly or even sit down
Many women broke a few ribs putting on a corset
Garment sleeves became narrower along the arm but sometimes featured a puff top
The sleeves were specifically made to be severly tight around the arms
The people of Ancient Greece were applying makeup as early as 500 BC.
They used makeup in their religious ceremonies, in every day grooming, and for medicinal purposes.
They used white lead on their faces, kohl on their eyes, and vermillion on their cheeks and lips.
Ancient Greek women used only minimal makeup because they wanted to look pale and natural.
Their lipsticks were a paste made with red iron oxide and ochre clays or olive oil with beeswax.
A red powder was used on the cheeks for blush.
Eyeshadows were made with olive oil mixed with ground charcoal.
Nobel and middle class
Greeks wore a short diaper and a sheet for clothing.
Through the use of pins, buttons, shoulder harness, and waist cinches the Greeks were able to produce a variety of clothing from pieces of draped cloth.
Garments were often held in place with porpai , dress pins that were sometimes razor sharp and made of gold
Greek jewelry and ornaments included gold jewelry, diadems, beads, and intricately carved sealing stones.
Chinese hair styles helped represent, social class, political alignment, and expression of individuality.
Women made different shapes with their hair to show class separation.
They punished sinners by making them shave their head.
Women usually adorned their buns with flowers and hairpins.
People thought that the higher the hair was tied up, the more prettier the women looked.
Hairstyles in the 1950s
Chinese started using gum Arabic, gelatin,beeswax and egg whites on their nails to get the color of crimson or ebony.
The royal nail colours were silver, gold, black and red.
If commoners were caught wearing a royal nail colour, they would face a punishment of death.
It was common for women to line their eyebrows and powder their faces excessively.
Lipstick was only applied to the middle center of the lips because small lips were found to be beautiful.
Women used a lot of eye makeup to make their eyes look bigger.
Women usually put foundation on.
You will most likely recognize these hot celebrities and here's a couple of pictures of what their hair looked and
looks in the roaring twenties
The highlighted traditional Chinese clothes are represented by the Tang suit, the Qipao and the Zhongshan suit.
Chinese people were the first to wear silk while others still wore animal fur.
In this era the emperors and officials usually wore red garments, black guan and shoes in the imperial court, and the garments were often decorated with various patterns, such as dragons, lilies and peonies.
Women wore a tight garment with narrow cuffs and a long dress.
The Beehive, French twist, The Pixie
Shot waves and curls
Pony tails and short bangs
Flat hair to the scalp
Men wanted their hair to be as shiny and sleek as possible
no stray flyaways
Ex. Grease or Elvis Presley
Hairstyles in the 1950s for Men and Women
Makeup in the 1950s
In the 1950s, also know as the golden years, many women started to wear ,more and more makeup. Women started to wear more cream foundations and powders to emphasize flawless skin. Blush was usually flushed pink or pink tones. On the eyes, women were more focused on eyeliner. The popular shapes were winged and cat eye. The lip colours were bright and red tones.
Fun fact: the makeup big companies back then are still standing today. For example, Maybelline or Avon
This decade people started to become more fashion forward. Many women started to were different and more colourful patterns. Teen started to change the style. For example, boys would wear leather jackets and girls would wear tighter skirts and more form fitting clothing. The women changed more drastically by wearing pants instead of dresses and skirt.
Makeup in the sixties
In the 1960s the "in thing" of makeup was mostly exaggeration of the eyes. Women wanted thicker, longer luscious lashes. Instead of focusing on winged eyeliner like the 1950s, women started to wear false lashes paired with a pale face.
The French Twist
Hairstyles in the 1960s
Rollers and Teasing
Makeup in the 70s
Hairstyles in the 70s
Hairstyles in the 70s were more natural. The styles were more simple without big bumps, bright accessories and less management
The styles were:
off the face curls
Like the hairstyles women were independant on choosing. Women chose whatever they liked bold colour palettes natural and had a toned down nostalgia. Women started to mix makeup looks from the past decades, 20s-50s. Makeup for women with coloured skin started to sell. Many makeup companies like Rimmel, Maybelline and Covergirl started becoming more and more popular.
The 80s hairstyles were outrageous. Everyone wanted wild and crazy hair. Everyone competed for the highest tease or the highest crimps!
The fashion trends of hair were:
The women used
ALOT of HAIRSPRAY
Makeup of the 80S
The trends of makeup in this decade were:
Colourful eyeshadow (neon blue, pinks, greens)
Rocker eyes with Bright pink lips
Gold eyeshadow, Bronze colours, Coral lipstick
The makeup of the 1980s was very much like the hair. It was very out there and bold. You always wanted to be the girl standing out!