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Jose P. Laurel
Transcript of Jose P. Laurel
-Born in Tanauan, Batangas
President of the Philippines from the year 1943-1945 during the Japanese occupation of World War II.
After receiving law degrees from the University of the Philippines (1915) and from Yale University (1920), he was elected to the Philippine Senate in 1925 and appointed justice of the Supreme Court in 1936.
After the pearl harbor attack, Laurel stayed in Manila after President Manuel Quezon escaped first to Bataan and then to the United States. He offered his services to the Japanese; and because of his criticism of U.S. rule of the Philippines he held a series of high posts in 1942- 1943, climaxing in his selection as president in 1943. Twice in that year he was shot by Philippine guerillas but recovered.
In July 1946 he was charged with 132 counts of treason but was never brought to trial; he shared in the general amnesty in April 1948.
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Father: Sotero Laurel
Mother: Jacoba Garcia
Wife: Pacencia Hidalgo
Jose Paciano Laurel y Garcia
President Jose P. Laurel
At the Nationalist Party's nominee for the presidency of the Republic of the Philippines in 1949, he was narrowly defeated by the incumbent president, Elpidio Quirino, nominee of the Liberal Party. Elected to the Senate in 1951, Laurel helped to persuade Ramon Magsaysay, then secretary of defense, to desert the Liberals and join the Nationalists. When Magsaysay became president, Laurel headed an economic mission that in 1955 negotiated an agreement to improve economic relations with the United States. He retired from public life in 1957.
Jose P. Laurel's children
Laurel received his law degrees from the University of the Philippines in 1915 anbd from Yale University in 1920.
He was elected to the Philippine Senate.
Appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court in 1936.
3rd president of the Republic of the Philippines by the National Assembly on September 25, 1943, inducted on October 14, 1943. This was during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in World War II
Also took special courses in international law at Oxford University in England and the University of Paris in France, before returning to the Philippines in 1921.
Problems encountered during his presidency:
He did not make any retaliation against the Japanese Government when they occupied the Philippines.
He did not refuse to declare a war against the U.S. as ordered by the Japanese government.
The mere fact that he couldn't offer his life to defend our country during war. He chose to be controlled by Japanese government in running our country during those times.
-Provision of graduate scholahips
-Provision of professional chairs
-The establishment of Laurel memorial building.
-The establishment of microfilming.
-An educator, having founded the Lyceum of the Philippines.
-He also organized KALIBAPI which stands for Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas.
-Also declared Martial Law in 1944.
He had 9 children on his wife Pacencia Hidalgo:
1. Jose Bayani (Pepito)
2. Jose Sotero III (Pepe)
4. Sotero Cosme (Teroy)
5. Mariano Antonio (Maning)
6. Rosenda Paciencia (Rose)
7. Potenciana (Nita)
8. Salvador Roman (Doy)
9. Arsenio (Dodgie)
He ranked second in his class of 60 and also came out second in the 1915 Bar Examination.
Achievements of Pres. Laurel
Laurel- Langley Agreement
was a trade agreement between the Philippines and the United States which was signed in 1955 and expired in 1974. Although it proved deficient, the final agreement satisfied nearly all of the diverse Filipino economic interests. While some have seen the Laurel- Langley agreement as a continuation of the 1946 trade act. Senator Laurel and other Philippine leaders recognized that the agreement substantially gave the country greater freedom to industrialize while contiuing to receive priveleged access to US markets.
The agreement replaced the unpopular Bell Trade Act, which tied the economy of the Philipines to that of the United States.
Second Philippine Republic
officially known as the Republic of the Philippines or known in the Philippines as Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic, was a puppet state established on October 14, 1943 during the Japanese occupation.
Problems of the Republic
During his term in office, Laurel was faced with various problems that the country was experiencing, such as the following:
-Shortages of food, clothing, oil, and other necessities.
-Heavy Japanese military presence throughout the entire region.
-Japanese control of transportation, media, and communications.
-The Filipino resistance movement, as evidenced by the two assassination attempts against Laurel.
*Laurel attempted to show that the independence of the republic was genuine by rectifying these problems.
THE END.. THANK YOU!!