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Echo Chambers and Filter Bubbles
Transcript of Echo Chambers and Filter Bubbles
Aaron Hwang Reflected personal view =
Distorted perception What is it? Filter bubble: website shows what the reader would want to see. Worldview limitations: "After all, view B must not be important if it's not well-supported, and view A is already leading me to what I should think." Civic Responsibility The challenge of conflicting information is being taken away. -Ignorance is Bliss
-A misinformed personal opinion
-A narrow global view
-No room for debate or reinterpretation Transparency
You don't know their algorithms or how they sort information. Echo Chamber Effect What does this look like? Users find information confirming already held views. Only two were the same.
Look at the differences. Superiority and Ignorance Confirmation leads to bias.
Tunnel vision leads to impaired comparison. World View Impact The system personalizes and categorizes according to their liking. A search engine like Google for example will not show you the opposing viewpoint, leading you to believe that your own view as superior kind. Opening links to a bias towards one side of an argument will lead the machine to suggest you more websites leaning toward that side of the argument. This limits a fair view of the world because a different side of the argument is kept away from us. We are forced to see what we want to see. An argument will continue to flow one way. Process Fighting the Bubble Disable your cookies. Use this button. The filter bubble blinds us to the reality of diversity Compromise is not only hampered, but polarization is increased. Find competing opinions. ToK Application Distortion of perception, one of the ways of knowing. Knowledge Issues Real Life Issue Sources This is the Filter Bubble. Internet hubs show users what they want to see. Fallacies Misusing Appeals Authoritative Sources- Support a conclusion
by appeals to generally held beliefs that are not particularly qualified
The Appeal to Ignorance- if one conclusion can't be established convincingly, then the opposing view can be accepted Argumentative Leap- Jump to conclusion with no immediate basis for drawing it within the argument Kahneman, Daniel. Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York:
Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2011. Print.
Mnookin, Seth. The Panic Virus. New York: Simon &
Schuster, 2011. Print.
Pariser, Eli. The Filter Bubble. New York: Penguin, 2011.
Rosen, Jeffrey. "Google's Gatekeepers." New York Times 30
Nov. 2008: n. pag. Print.
Singer, Natasha. "SLIPSTREAM; The Trouble With the Echo
Chamber Online." The New York Times. TheNew York Times, 29 May 2011. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/29/technology/
Sunstein, Cass R. "Breaking Up the Echo." New York Times
17 Sept. 2012, Opinion: n. pag. Print. The "balanced information" problem Can we pop the filter bubble?
Does balanced information actually help?
To what extent does balanced information affect our perception? How do changed perceptions affect the world? How does information control affect perception? PERCEPTION
INFORMATION PROCESSING Name tagging- Assumes the attachment of labels to constitute evidence for conclusions