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Transcript of Anglo-Saxon Art
The Anglo-Saxon period lasted from 449 up until the Norman Conquest, around 1066.
Anglo-Saxon is also the name used to describe the Old English language.
The Anglo-Saxons were a fairly civilized society, with leaders, government, and a common language.
Their achievements influenced history and set an example for many more civilizations to come Art In Anglo-Saxon Society Works Cited Who Were the Anglo Saxons? Monumental Sculptures Illuminated Manuscripts Armor Art in Anglo Saxon Society The most common use of metal was to produce armor.
Anglo-Saxons have become especially famous for their helmets.
over the years, Anglo-Saxon helmets developed from a more simple design to having a pointed top and details specific to each warrior.
Helmets had eye guards that protruded from the helmet to defend warriors' eyes.
Chain-mail became the most common form of armor for the Anglo-Saxons Helmets and armor were often indicators of wealth and power in society, for example the more intricately made your suit of armor was, the more money you had
The position of a warrior was valued highly in society, many warlords and kings were buried in their suits of armor
In Beowulf, an influential work of epic poetry dating from 449, one passage describes the ocean burial of a powerful king; "I never heard before of a ship so well furbished with battle tackle, bladed weapons, and coats of mail."
Jewelry was a way of telling social rank, less precious metals showed you had less money (lower class), whereas precious metals showed an excess of money (higher class)
The more elite in society often adorned their houses with expensive carvings and tapestries, whereas the lower class often shared tapestries to tell a story
Overall, art influenced Anglo Saxon society in may ways; separating the wealthy from the lower class, showing the love for battle they had, and being one of the reasons the Anglo Saxons were considered one of the first civilized societies Weapons spears
the most common weapon of that time period
used by commoners as well as professional soldiers
a scramaseax is a single-sided knife
it was a weapon that warriors of all classes were given to use
small hand axes were used for combat
the most prized and uncommon weapon
swords were passed down from generation to generation because of their immense value Anglo-Saxon art was influenced by the Celtic arts of the native Britons, by Roman influences brought by the Christian church, and by Norse arts following the Viking invasions of the 8th century. These elements combined made a style of art unique to the Anglo-Saxons. Metalwork Everyday Uses for Metalwork Belt buckles, keys, wrist clasps, and jewelry were all made from metal, and used every day.
Belt buckles' designs changed depending on what your social status was. A belt buckle was found in an Anglo-Saxon prince's grave, and it was made out of gold and inlaid with garnets. However, common people had belt buckles made from plain metals.
Keys were very simple, the most popular design being a thin metal handle with three prongs at the end. Anglo-Saxons originally utilized the Germanic Animal Style for their metalwork, but later developed their own unique Anglo-Saxon style.
Jewelry was one of the most common uses for metal
Brooches were very popular aesthetic pieces of metalwork
Anglo-Saxons made fantastic armor, and have become famous for the helmets they made.
Metal wasn't just used for jewelry and armor, but also for everyday items such as belt buckles and keys. (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Jewelry Architecture Often times you could tell the status of the person based on what metal their jewelry was made out of.
Jewelry was usually made out of bronze, gold, and silver.
Bronze was used to make jewelry by common people, while, silver, and gold were used by richer people.
Women often wore necklaces, brooches, girdle-hangers, and rings.
Women would wear girdle-hangers around their waists to represent their role in society, for example if they were the head of a household
Rings were most often made from gold and belonged to royalty
Necklaces were decorated with precious stones, beads, crosses, and pendants An Illuminated manuscript is a manually written piece of text, where the words are supplemented by drawings or fancy details.
Anglo Saxon manuscripts were illuminated in a style known as Insular.
During the 10th century two major style of Anglo Saxon illumination arose; the Winchester and Utrecht style.
The Winchester Style was characterized as a very opulent, or rich-looking. Rich colors, Gilding (adding gold or silver to the manuscript), and naturalistic styles portrayed this.
The Utrecht style was more sketchy and detailed with illusionistic (3D) styles of drawing.
There were two very different types of architecture in Anglo-Saxon society
Though there is no proof still in existence, it is thought that houses were made from timber with thatch roofs, and were very simple.
However, churches and more extravagant structures still exist because they were built from stronger materials such as stone
Today, about fifty Anglo-Saxon churches are still standing. All surviving churches are built of brick and stone, except for one which is built of timber.
Anglo-Saxon architecture was influenced by the Celtics during the early period years, by Early Christian basilica after that, and during the later years of the Anglo-Saxon period, architecture consisted of pilaster-strips, triangular headed openings, blank arcading, and baluster shafts.
This is the Earls Barton church, an example of Anglo-Saxon stone carvings in architecture Ivory Carvings Ivory carvings, very similar to bone carvings, was a very major art form for the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons source of ivory was mostly marine animals such as walrus's.
Ivory carvings were used to explain historical scenes and events
It is believed that Anglo-Saxons attempted to cover a general history of the world
Ivory carvings were also used to symbolically write about religion
can you guess which style belongs to which illuminated manuscript? A. B. Illuminated Manuscript A. is categorized as "Winchester Style" Illuminated Manuscript B. is categorized as "Utrecht Style" This particular ivory carving is depicting a scene from the bible, which was one of the most popular subjects of ivory carvings. Textile Art The only evidence left of monumental sculptures from the Anglo-Saxons are large stone crosses.
It is probable that Anglo-Saxons preferred wood for their sculptures, which is why there are so few examples of monumental sculptures left.
The majority of remaining monumental sculptures are worn out and weathered, though when they were first made they were precisely carved and painted.
Anglo Saxon embroideries were beautiful works of art woven using a variety of materials to portray a story
Many valuable materials went into the making of these tapestries which would often be used to adorn altars and tables in high-class homes
silk was a common material used, along with gold and silver thread.
Gemstones were often sewed into the fabric
The use of glass beads was also common
Not all tapestries were extremely valuable, many were just woven to depict a story The picture on the left is a piece of an Anglo-Saxon sculpture. The picture on the right is a restored example of how the sculpture might have been painted. I bet you can guess which epic-poem
this tapestry is depicting... the question
is; can you guess which scene? "Anglo Saxon Art." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 July 2012. Web. 21
Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo_Saxon_art>.
"ANGLO SAXON JEWELRY." ANGLO SAXON JEWELRY. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct.
"Anglo-Saxon Architecture." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Nov. 2012.
Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Saxon_architecture>.
"Anglo-Saxon Art." Anglo-Saxon Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012.
"Anglo-Saxon Art." TheFreeDictionary.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012.
"Anglo-Saxons." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Oct. 2012. Web. 21 Oct.
"Summary Timeline 410 AD to 1066 AD Anglo Saxon England." Summary
Timeline 410 AD to 1066 AD. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <www.englandandenglishhistory.com> An Anglo-Saxon war helmet,
note the protruding nose piece
which would protect the warriors
eyes during a battle Women wore girdle-holders around their wastes. This series of rings belonged to a family of Anglo-Saxon royalty. Wrist-clasps were made differently depending on who they were for. Belt buckles were made with unique designs and symbolic pictures.