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Master of Suspense:Hitchcock
Transcript of Master of Suspense:Hitchcock
His father died.
In the same year, he studied engineering, and quickly obtained a job as a draftsman and advertising designer for the cable company Henley's. He began to write short articles and
his interest in movies began at around this time.
During the First World War, Hitchcock was rejected for military service because of his obesity.
Hitchcock entered the film industry with a full-time position at the Famous Players-Lasky Company designing title cards for silent films. Within a few years, he was working as an assistant director.
His first directing project came with the aptly titled
. The production was canceled because of financial problems.
After several films for the company, Hitch was given the chance to direct a British/German
The Pleasure Garden
Hitchcock's career as a director finally began.
5 years old
Like blonde actresses.
Often has a quick cameo in his films.
Around age five, Hitchcock was sent by his father to the local police station with a note asking the officer to lock him away for ten minutes as punishment for behaving badly. This incident not only implanted a lifetime fear of policemen in Hitchcock, but such harsh treatment and wrongful accusations would be found frequently throughout his films.
He also cited this phobia as the reason he never learned to drive (as a person who doesn't drive can never be pulled over and given a ticket).
Was the second son and the youngest of three children.
He described his childhood as lonely and sheltered, partly due to his obesity.
Was raised by strict, Catholic parents. His mother and paternal grandmother were of Irish extraction.
Was naturalized as a United States citizen.
He received the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award. After that he joked with friends that he must be about to die soon. He died a year later.
The first film he made in Hollywood,
, won an Academy Award for best picture.
Hitchcock's first color film:
Hitchcock married his assistant director, Alma Reville.
Hitchcock's luck changed with his first thriller,
The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog
. Some commentators regard this piece as the first truly "Hitchcockian" film.
Only child Patricia born.
is said to be
the first British "talkie."
It also features one of his longest cameo appearances, which shows him being bothered by a small boy as he reads a book on the London Underground.
David O.Selznick signed him to a seven-year contract, and he moved to Hollywood.
He never won a best director Oscar in competition, although he was awarded the Irving Thalberg Memorial Award at the 1967 Oscars. He delivered the shortest acceptance speech in Oscar history: "Thank you."
Hitchcock received a knighthood when he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in the New Year Honours (only a few months before his death).
Hitchcock died of renal failure on 29 April 1980. His body was cremated and his remains were scattered over the Pacific Ocean.
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock
an English film director and producer
Framed shots to maximize anxiety, fear, or empathy. Many of Hitchcock' s films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of violence, murder, and crime. Many of the mysteries, however, are used as decoys or "MacGuffins" that serve the film's themes and the psychological examinations of the characters. Besides, often has a good sense of humor in his films.
"MacGuffins" were objects or devices which drove the plot and were of great interest to the film's characters, but which to the audience were otherwise inconsequential and could be forgotten once they had served their purpose.
What is "MacGuffins" ?
There are two men sitting in a train going to Scotland and one man says to the other, "Excuse me, sir, but what is that strange parcel you have on the luggage rack above you?", "Oh", says the other, "that's a Macguffin.", "Well", says the first man, "what's a Macguffin?", The other answers, "It's an apparatus for trapping lions in the Scottish Highlands.", "But", says the first man, "there are no lions in the Scottish Highlands.", "Well", says the other, "then that's no Macguffin."
Pioneered many techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres.
In order to create suspense in his films, he would alternate between different shots to extend cinematic time, and used innovative film editing.
Made a shot to move in a way that mimics a person's gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism.
[On how to properly build suspense]
Four people are sitting around a table talking about baseball or whatever you like. Five minutes of it. Very dull. Suddenly, a bomb goes off. Blows the people to smithereens. What does the audience have? Ten seconds of shock. Now take the same scene and tell the audience there is a bomb under that table and will go off in five minutes. The whole emotion of the audience is totally different because you've given them that information. In five minutes time that bomb will go off. Now the conversation about baseball becomes very vital. Because they're saying to you, "Don't be ridiculous. Stop talking about baseball. There's a bomb under there." You've got the audience working.
Favored one-word titles because he felt that it was easily remembered by the audience.
Name often appears before the film titles.
Hated to shoot on location.
Preferred to shoot at the studio where he could have full control of lighting and other factors.
This is why even his later films contain special effects composite and rear screen shots.
Liked to use major stars in his films that the audience was familiar with, so he could dispense with character development and focus more on the plot.
Was infamous for his practical jokes, such as suddenly showing up in a dress. Usually, he found out about somebody's phobias, such as mice or spiders, and in turn sent them a box full of them.