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Cinematic Elements of Film
Transcript of Cinematic Elements of Film
ex. Camera angles-The camera angle marks the specific location at which a camera is placed to take a shot. A scene may be shot from several camera angles. Camera Placement - this includes the types of shots, which are: medium shot
ex. close up
ex. extreme close up
ex. and extreme long shot
ex. examples are: High angle shot- a shot taken from a high angle, this makes the object being taken look shorter and smaller
ex. low angle shot- a shot usually taken from under an object, this makes the object look more taller and powerful.
ex. eye level- a shot taken in eye level angle which makes the object being taken look near and real.
ex. and aerial level- this is a shot which is taken from a very high angle, objects are usually shot from an airplane or helicopter.
- this is the movement of the camera horizontally from a fixed base. This is usually used to follow moving objects such as, racing cars, speed boats, etc. ex. follow or tracking shot - this is a specific camera shot in which the subject being filmed is seemingly pursued by the camera. zoom - this is when the camera zooms in or out to clearly show a certain object. tilt - Tilting is a cinematographic technique in which the camera is stationary and rotates in a vertical plane. Tilting the camera results in a motion similar to someone nodding their head "yes". Editing - It is the process of assembling and splicing together the various shots that make a movie. In film and video editing, a cut is an abrupt, but usually trivial film transition from one sequence to another. cut fade in and fade out this is an effect created when transitioning to a new page. while one fades in, another fades out. Colour and lighting In cinematography, the use of light can influence the meaning of a shot. For example, film makers often portray villains that are heavily shadowed or veiled, using silhouette. Sound Sound effects can be used to add mood or atmosphere to a lm by creating a soundscape that accents or adds another layer of meaning to the images on the screen. Pitch, tempo, and volume may be altered to indicate how the lmmaker expects the audience to respond to a given noise. Diegetic sound: It is sound that the characters can hear as well as the audience, and usually implies a reaction from the character. Also called "literal sound" or "actual sound" Non-diegetic sound: It is sound which is represented as coming from a source outside the story space, ie. its source is neither visible on the screen, nor has been implied to be present in the action. Also called "non-literal sound" or "commentary sound" Track music - It is usually the background music which is played softly to add emotion to the characters in the movie. Voice over narration Voice-over (also known as off-camera or off-stage commentary) is a production technique where a voice which is not part of the narrative (non-diegetic) is used in a radio, television, film, theatre, or other presentation. Dialogue -a literary and theatrical form consisting of a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people. Ex. Thank You for watching By: John Michael Santos References: