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Psychoanalytic Group Counseling

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Jane Chen

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Psychoanalytic Group Counseling

Roles of Group Counselor Key Concepts Sigmund Freud Goals Setting Therapeutic Intervention Techniques Evaluation of Psychoanalytical Approach in Group Therapy Understand how the past contributes to the present problem
A conceptual framework to understand anxiety, resistance, defense mechanisms, transference, and countertransference
Group members experience relationships that are similar to their own early family relationships
Opportunities for multiple transferences in a group
Members gain insight into their resistances and defenses more dramatically in group setting than in individual therapy
Members get valuable feedback from other members rather than depend solely upon the counselor in individual therapy Restructuring Character and Personality System Psychoanalytic
Group Counseling Influence of the Past
from the Unconscious Anxiety and Resistance Ego-Defense
Mechanism Transference Countertransference Counseling
Approach Personality
the Counselor Leadership Style
the Counselor Types of
the Group Stages of the
of the Group Free Association Unconscious forces can produce repression, which arouses resistance that may occur when the group member forgets, is unwilling to talk about important issues, or resists free association Analysis
Transference Insight and
Working through
Process Group members are told to say whatever comes to mind, regardless of its apparent irrelevance or senselessness Client relates a dream; the therapist asks the client to say what the events in the dream remind them of and how they feel Interpreting Resistance A group member forgets an appointment; the counselor attempts to understand why The group member views the counselor as a parent, an authority figure, or a significant other in the past, and projects feelings onto the counselor The group member accuses the counselor of being “critical” Each major issue or conflict is examined, and the unconscious elements are revealed The group member’s ambivalent feelings regarding his father are examined and resolved, and a new perspective is developed on his past experiences and present problems Contributions and Strengths Limitations Limitations based on a long-term approach for many group members
Critique of traditional psychoanalytical approach from the feminist perspective – the pathological forces in the culture damage and constrain women
Not suitable for group members with a subnormal intellectual level or suffering from a sever depression with a suicidal intent Integrative Approach

Use a consistent conceptual framework as a basis to select from multiple approaches and develop own integrative approach

Utilize common concepts from various approaches that address human thinking, feeling, and doing

Select and refine appropriate concepts and techniques from those approaches that suit own personality and unique leadership style 心理分析工作注重過去,特別是童年經驗對現時性格及行為的影響。
需要卻又害怕親密等等 Early childhood experiences are crucial determinants of present personality and behavior
Successful resolution of conflicts at various stages of psychosexual development
Uncovering early experiences and relive significant relationships from the past
Uncomfortable thoughts and feelings surface to consciousness  Anxiety
Resulting from the past repressed feelings, memories, desires, and experiences
Should be explored, interpreted, and contained

Natural response to avoid anxiety and emotional intensity
Anything that works against the progress of group therapy and prevents the production of unconscious material
Analysis of Resistance
Helps group members see ways they typically defend against anxiety
These acts interfere with the ability to accept changes which could lead to a more satisfying life
Resistance can be the material to explore more deeply
Resistance is not a negative force to be defeated, but something to understand and respect in group members Repression
Reaction formation
Rationalization Transfer onto people in present day the qualities of important figures in earlier life
The group member reacts to the counselor or other group member as he did to an earlier significant other
This allows the group member to experience feelings that would otherwise be inaccessible
In groups, multiple transferences provide for re-enacting of past unfinished conflicts
Analysis of transference The reaction of the counselor toward certain group members that may interfere with objectivity
Countertransference is something to understand and explore
The counselor may need personal consultation and occasional supervision to deal with own countertransference Therapeutic Alliance in an Accepting & Respectful
Climate Setting Appropriate & Attainable Goals Detached Role
to Encourage Projection Transference
Exploration in a Reacted Family of Origin Deal with Resistances & Unfinished Businesses Non-directive Leadership General Consideration

Specific to the types of group (e.g., counseling, psychotherapeutic, grief and loss, remedial, etc.)
Take diversity issues (e.g., cultural, racial) into consideration
Be consistent with the values and beliefs of the cultural or racial group of the members Theory Based

Reduce symptoms (e.g., anxiety) by bringing conflicts and impulses out of the unconscious and into conscious awareness
Gain insight and adaptation
Obtain deep and lasting changes in character and personality
Free the person from psychological chains that has bound the individual into a life of suffering and repetition
Generally a longer-term counseling process with rather intensive meetings
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