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Todd R. (Solar System)

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Yorba Student

on 17 October 2014

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Transcript of Todd R. (Solar System)

The SUN
The Temperature of the Sun is 5500 degrees Celsius

The is 93 million miles from the Earth

1 Million Earths can fit insided of the Sun
The sun appears 2 and a half times larger in Mercury's sky compared to the Earth's.


If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would only weigh 37 pounds on Mercury.


It takes less than 88 Earth days for Mercury to orbit around the sun.
Mercury
Venus
Venus rotates counter-clockwise:
Also known as retrograde rotation. A possible reason might be a collision in the past with an asteroid or other object that caused the planet to alter its rotational path. It also differs from most other planets in our solar system by having no natural satellites.
Venus is the second brightest object in the night sky:
Only the Moon is brighter. With a magnitude of between -3.8 to -4.6 Venus is so bright it can be seen during daytime on a clear day.
Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system:
The average surface temperature is 462 °C, and because Venus does not tilt on its axis, there is no seasonal variation. The dense atmosphere of around 96.5 percent carbon dioxide traps heat and causes a greenhouse effect.
Earth
Earth isn't round. Centrifugal force pushes outwards at Earth's equator giving it a slight wasteline.
Standing on that equator you would be spinning around Earth's center at 1000 miles per hour. At the poles, however, you would be standing still (and turning in a circle)
The pacific basin contains half of the free water on Earth and could hold all of the world's continents.
That's my House
Mars
Mars is home to the tallest mountain in the solar system.

Olympus Mons, a shield volcano, is 21km high and 600km in diameter. Despite having formed over billions of years, evidence from volcanic lava flows is so recent many scientists believe it could still be active.
Pieces of Mars have fallen to Earth:

Scientists have found tiny traces of Martian atmosphere within meteorites violently ejected from Mars, then orbiting the solar system amongst galactic debris for millions of years, before crash landing on Earth. This allowed scientists to begin studying Mars prior to launching space missions.
Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass:
Even though Mars has only has 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Martian surface gravity is only 37% of the Earth’s (meaning you could leap nearly three times higher on Mars).
Alien Base Station on the Moon
Jupiter
Has 67 Moons
Orbit Period: 4,332.82 Earth days (11.86 Earth years)
Jupiter has the shortest day of all the planets:
It turns on its axis once every 9 hours and 55 minutes. The rapid rotation flattens the planet slightly, giving it an oblate shape.
Saturn
It takes Saturn 29.5 (Earth) years to orbit the sun.
Saturn is the least dense planet in the Solar System. It has a density less than water, so it would float!
Saturn and Jupiter together contain 92% of all the mass from the planets in the Solar System.
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