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A Framework for Teaching

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Stephen Miles

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of A Framework for Teaching

An Analysis of the Book
by Stephen Miles
EDUC 5204G

A Framework for Teaching
4 Domains of
Professional Practice
1. Planning and Preparation
2. The Classroom Environment
Good teachers communicate clearly
and move beyond textbooks and
worksheets. Questioning and
discussion techniques, structure
of instruction, and timely feedback are essential to engage learners.
Charlotte Danielson breaks down the complex job of teaching into 4 major categories in order to quantify, or attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of teachers. In essence, she attempts to answer the questions "What makes a great teacher? How can we empower teachers to strive for excellence in areas we can identify as having a positive impact on teaching and learning?"
1. Planning and Preparation
2. The Classroom Environment
3. Instruction
4. Professional Responsibilities
Focus on knowing your subject and how to
organize your teaching for a wide variety
of learners. Work backwards from the question
"What should the students know and understand
at the end of instruction?" and include
specifics such as resources, materials, lesson
plans and goals.
Great teaching begins with building relationships
and trust in a safe, inclusive environment.

A classroom is a stage for learning, the physical
environment is as important as teaching content.
Great teachers have clear and consistent
expectations and respond effectively to student
needs and behaviour.
3. Instruction
Enhancing Professional Practice:
A Framework for Teaching by Charlotte Danielson

This domain consists of professional
responsibilities such as growth, self-
reflection, student documentation and
assessment records, contribution
to the school, district and community,
as well as building relationships with
colleagues and staff.
4. Professional Responsibilities
How Can We Use This Framework?
To train new teachers
To evaluate experienced teachers
To set a standard for professional practice
Structure
4 domains
22 components
76 elements
Criticisms
Excellent for a basic framework for teaching but fails to include home and community as a factor for learning (p.128 only - last paragraph of the book)
Despite explanation to the contrary, elements are laid out like a check list
Conclusions
Danielson's framework is a definition of good teaching from a research standpoint. She highlights that the most powerful tool for teachers is self-reflection.

“Teaching involves such a complex set of skills that lessons are almost never perfect. The key to being an accomplished teacher is acquiring the skill to continually improve one's practice; an important vehicle for this is reflection and conversation” (p. 106).
Connecting to Our Learning
Relating Danielson's framework to our course learning I find it interesting to note that she emphasizes individual self-reflection as a critical evaluative tool. This is done alone, by the teacher, but can be stimulated through group conversations.

She recognizes that “Many important aspects of teaching happen "...behind the scenes‟ and are not captured in a classroom observation at all" (p. 58), indicating that our current methods of Teacher Performance Appraisal are not valuable or meaningful as it doesn't demonstrate a balanced overview of the teacher's performance.

Danielson also emphasizes the importance of changing the role of the teacher by introducing more constructivist teaching methods. (p. 127)
Full transcript