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The Guest - Albert Camus

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by

Aidan Polglase

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of The Guest - Albert Camus

The Guest - Albert Camus
Historical Context
Conflicts
Plot Overview: Choices
Literary Analysis
How can the theme of accountability be shown in present time?

The decision to take charge of someones fate is a difficult one, instances in which people take control of an other's life are very common, and can be shown through countries that support capital punishment.

Theme and How it Relates to Today's World
THEMES
POINT OF VIEW
Morality
Daru is faced with a moral dilemma in what to do with the prisoner.
Choice
All characters make choices that have a large effect on the outcome of the story.
IRONY
l'hôte
-
the guest, host, and prisoner.
neutrality
-
Daru doesn't want to decide the fate of the Arab, yet gives him food and money.
hospitality
-
Daru treats the prisoner respectfully, yet is threatened with death.
fate
-
teacher and prisoner face similar fates.
SYMBOLS
drawing on chalkboard
-
rivers in France are more important than Algerian geography.
prisoner's tied hands
-
shows hostility in outside world and solitude in Daru's world.
mountain plateau
-
Algerian-born Frenchmen caught between conflict.
message on chalkboard
-
threatens Daru even though he let the prisoner go.
Accountability
Man is defined by the choices he makes; damned if you do, damned if you don't.
Isolation
Promotes individualism and ability to make one's own decisions.
Limited Omniscient - Daru
"[Daru] felt vulnerable and the temptation came to him to put his clothes back on." (p
"...[Daru] felt exiled." (p
"[Balducci] got up and went toward the Arab..." (p
Self Conflict
Narrator's knowledge of thoughts and feeling are limited to Daru.
Should Timmy tell on Johnny?
Give Johnny the option
to decide what to do?
Help Johnny get away with his crime?
Daru faces extreme self conflict, as he
is incapable of being responsible for the death of the Arab prisoner.
Should the prisoner be given a second chance and the opportunity to improve his life?
Should capital punishment ever be a means for justice?
Making one's own decisions is a man's only freedom
Daru lives in a schoolhouse on a neutral plateau of land, with the Algerian desert to the north and French mountains to the south - he is an isolationist.
"I am the master of my fate:
I am the captain of my soul."
-William Ernest Henley,
Invictus
Character Foil
Daru vs. Balducci
- Does not live to serve a certain system, only his
personal views on the world.

- Objective: can see both sides to a story.

- Daru's thoughts and emotions show the reader
the main theme of the story.

Explain Daru's decision to set the prisoner "
free
" before reaching the final destination. What choices did he leave the prisoner and why?
Daru leaves the prisoner "
free
" of his bounds and to make a decision for himself, however the prisoner is in no sense free.
- Proud soldier, serves his country, and convicts those in opposition.

- Biased: sees through the point of view he is told.

- Would be considered a "good samaritan" in todays society.

- Has faith in the law.
- Albert Camus wrote "The Guest" during the height of the Algerian Revolution.
- During the conflict Camus announced his indifference to the war and his wish to remain neutral to it in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech.
- Daru can be depicted as Camus himself in the story.
- The events of "The Guest" take place on the eve of the Algerian War.
- The Algerian Revolution was a war between French Imperialists and Algerian Independence Fighters from 1954-1962.
- The War ended in 1962 with the Algerian Liberation Front gaining their independence.
- Algeria was an independent state in the Ottoman Empire until 1834, when France took control of the state.

Albert Camus
Full transcript