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Does Art Education Improve Cognitive Ability?

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Joan blackwell

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Does Art Education Improve Cognitive Ability?

Does That Mean Art Education in Elementary Schools Is a Necessary Core Subject? Art Education Improves Our Cognitive Skills and Helps Develop Creative Abilities. Does That Mean Art Education in Elementary Schools Is a Necessary Core Subject? Does That Mean Art Education in Elementary Schools Is a Necessary Core Subject? Art Education Improves Our Cognitive Skills and Helps Develop Creative Abilities. People do oppose Art Education
And some rave about the benefits. Your parents may think art studies does not look good on a resume or college application …
But do you want to do what you love to do, or be like everyone else?
A certified Art Education teacher has a lot of difficult subject to learn… Art Education? People do oppose Art Education
And some rave about the benefits. Your parents may think art studies does not look good on a resume or college application …
But do you want to do what you love to do, or be like everyone else?
A certified Art Education teacher has a lot of difficult subject to learn… Art Education? Art helps us to relax which is therapeutic. Everyone has a creative side all we need to do open this window of learning to realize our potential. If we are really good at art, the potential to make unlimited income is possible. But money is not the reason an artist is an artist. Why is Art Important? Art will teach us the philosophy branch of aesthetics, which is a useful tool dealing with taste, the nature of beauty, art, and the creation and appreciation of beauty. What Does Art Teach Us? Art will teach us the philosophy branch of aesthetics, which is a useful tool dealing with taste, the nature of beauty, art, and the creation and appreciation of beauty. What Does Art Teach Us? Reseach shows school ratings and achievements test scores across the country, especially in art education is in trouble. The low scores are indicating how we teach and what we are teaching in our schools needs to be revamped. Current Education Curriclum is Flawed
How Do We Resolve this Issue? Reseach shows school ratings and achievements test scores across the country, especially in art education is in trouble. The low scores are indicating how we teach and what we are teaching in our schools needs to be revamped. Current Education Curriclum is Flawed
How Do We Resolve this Issue? Without any doubt, the value of arts education is recognized by many educators, business leaders, and policymakers. However, due to our on-going economic challenges, the arts education programs faces serious problems. One thing we can do to better prepare our children for this new economy is to encourage arts education in the elementary learning environment. Is Art Education the Answer? With the release of a number of research studies, based on various art test applications, the test results are showing art education does increase cognitive ability, increases a student’s attention span, decreases absenteeism and helps to improve test results. Research Shows Art Education Does Increase Cognitive Ability Without art we would have no road map of our past. If we think about previous prehistoric petroglyphs cave carvings which are sometimes hailed as significant findings, we realize the importance of documenting our history. These drawings or cravings help establish who we are, where we come from, who our ancestors were and where we might be going. These findings lead to formal creations of many studies, including history, science, biology and anthropology. Historical Significance of Art Now they are graphical records of prehistory world-wide.
Why are these here? The slides focus on the Southwestern United States, with an emphasis on the most spectacular rock art sites. The rock art of the Colorado Plateau, particularly of Eastern Utah, constitutes the majority of the images. Other sites featured are in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, California, New Mexico, Colorado and Texas. http://www.jqjacobs.net/rock_art/transparencies.html

“Rock Art Pages by James Q. Jacobs If you analyze the stories revealed inside ancient Egyptian temples, consisting of many hieroglyphic writings and pictures, you soon realize the importance of being able to communicate without saying a word. These drawings establish the fact art has been around for thousands of years. Art brings intrigue to our minds and eyes and helps us understand the world we live in today and the world our ancestors experienced thousands of years ago. Historical Significance of Art - Continued Evolution theory changes over time… People do oppose Art Education
And some rave about the benefits. Your parents may think art studies does not look good on a resume or college application …
But do you want to do what you love to do, or be like everyone else?
A certified Art Education teacher has a lot of difficult subject to learn… Art Education? Art helps us to relax which is therapeutic. Everyone has a creative side all we need to do open this window of learning to realize our potential. If we are really good at art, the potential to make unlimited income is possible. But money is not the reason an artist is an artist. Why is Art Important? Art will teach us the philosophy branch of aesthetics, which is a useful tool dealing with taste, the nature of beauty, art, and the creation and appreciation of beauty. What Does Art Teach Us? Reseach shows school ratings and achievements test scores across the country, especially in art education is in trouble. The low scores are indicating how we teach and what we are teaching in our schools needs to be revamped. Current Education Curriclum is Flawed
How Do We Resolve this Issue? With the release of a number of research studies, based on various art test applications, the test results are showing art education does increase cognitive ability, increases a student’s attention span, decreases absenteeism and helps to improve test results. Research Shows Art Education Does Increase Cognitive Ability Without art we would have no road map of our past. If we think about previous prehistoric petroglyphs cave carvings which are sometimes hailed as significant findings, we realize the importance of documenting our history. These drawings or cravings help establish who we are, where we come from, who our ancestors were and where we might be going. These findings lead to formal creations of many studies, including history, science, biology and anthropology. Historical Significance of Art Now they are graphical records of prehistory world-wide.
Why are these here? The slides focus on the Southwestern United States, with an emphasis on the most spectacular rock art sites. The rock art of the Colorado Plateau, particularly of Eastern Utah, constitutes the majority of the images. Other sites featured are in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, California, New Mexico, Colorado and Texas. http://www.jqjacobs.net/rock_art/transparencies.html

“Rock Art Pages by James Q. Jacobs If you analyze the stories revealed inside ancient Egyptian temples, consisting of many hieroglyphic writings and pictures, you soon realize the importance of being able to communicate without saying a word. These drawings establish the fact art has been around for thousands of years. Art brings intrigue to our minds and eyes and helps us understand the world we live in today and the world our ancestors experienced thousands of years ago. Historical Significance of Art - Continued Does That Mean Art Education in Elementary Schools Is a Necessary Core Subject? Art Education Improves Our Cognitive Skills and Helps Develop Creative Abilities. People do oppose Art Education
And some rave about the benefits. Your parents may think art studies does not look good on a resume or college application …
But do you want to do what you love to do, or be like everyone else?
A certified Art Education teacher has a lot of difficult subject to learn… Art Education? Does That Mean Art Education in Elementary Schools Is a Necessary Core Subject? Art Education Improves Our Cognitive Skills and Helps Develop Creative Abilities. People do oppose Art Education
And some rave about the benefits. Your parents may think art studies does not look good on a resume or college application …
But do you want to do what you love to do, or be like everyone else?
A certified Art Education teacher has a lot of difficult subject to learn… Art Education? Art helps us to relax which is therapeutic. Everyone has a creative side all we need to do open this window of learning to realize our potential. If we are really good at art, the potential to make unlimited income is possible. But money is not the reason an artist is an artist. Why is Art Important? Art will teach us the philosophy branch of aesthetics, which is a useful tool dealing with taste, the nature of beauty, art, and the creation and appreciation of beauty. What Does Art Teach Us? Reseach shows school ratings and achievements test scores across the country, especially in art education is in trouble. The low scores are indicating how we teach and what we are teaching in our schools needs to be revamped. Current Education Curriclum is Flawed
How Do We Resolve this Issue? Without any doubt, the value of arts education is recognized by many educators, business leaders, and policymakers. However, due to our on-going economic challenges, the arts education programs faces serious problems. One thing we can do to better prepare our children for this new economy is to encourage arts education in the elementary learning environment. Is Art Education the Answer? With the release of a number of research studies, based on various art test applications, the test results are showing art education does increase cognitive ability, increases a student’s attention span, decreases absenteeism and helps to improve test results. Research Shows Art Education Does Increase Cognitive Ability Without art we would have no road map of our past. If we think about previous prehistoric petroglyphs cave carvings which are sometimes hailed as significant findings, we realize the importance of documenting our history. These drawings or cravings help establish who we are, where we come from, who our ancestors were and where we might be going. These findings lead to formal creations of many studies, including history, science, biology and anthropology. Historical Significance of Art Now they are graphical records of prehistory world-wide.
Why are these here? The slides focus on the Southwestern United States, with an emphasis on the most spectacular rock art sites. The rock art of the Colorado Plateau, particularly of Eastern Utah, constitutes the majority of the images. Other sites featured are in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, California, New Mexico, Colorado and Texas. http://www.jqjacobs.net/rock_art/transparencies.html

“Rock Art Pages by James Q. Jacobs If you analyze the stories revealed inside ancient Egyptian temples, consisting of many hieroglyphic writings and pictures, you soon realize the importance of being able to communicate without saying a word. These drawings establish the fact art has been around for thousands of years. Art brings intrigue to our minds and eyes and helps us understand the world we live in today and the world our ancestors experienced thousands of years ago. Historical Significance of Art - Continued Evolution theory changes over time… The study of creative works in music, visual arts, dance, or drama/theatre, and the process of producing such creative works. What is Arts Education? “A growing number of research studies reveal that arts education gives students an enhanced way to develop intellectually, emotionally and socially. Immerging research data indicates that students trained in high quality arts education will improve cognitive learning, help maintain a student’s attention span and reduce absenteeism in school. Many of us recognize the arts education allows students to be more creative and helps them to become better problem solvers with skills that are necessary for the 21 century economy.” Baker 253-274 Does Arts Training Improve Social and Academic Skills? Arts training can cause dramatic changes in the brain, including possibly strengthening the attention network, a series of regions linked to the general intelligence
Skills built, practicing the arts can cross into other mental domains.
Different art forms, such as music or dance, activate quite distinct neural networks. But if kids remain open to the experience and stay interested, all the art forms seem to interact with the attention network”. Dr. Benegal 9 Benegal, Dr. Vivek. “Brain Development & Arts Education.” 12 December 2012. Collaborative Artists Residency Program Many of us have wondered if smarter people are more inclined to do or take arts educations or does the arts education make us smarter? The results of research by cognitive neuroscientists from seven leading universities across the United States was released in March 2008. The study reports “advances our understanding of the effects of music, dance, and drama education on other types of learning. Children motivated in the arts develop attention skills and strategies for memory retrieval that also apply to other subject areas”. Leaning, Arts and the Brain. Web 20 Sep 2012. http://www.dana.org/news/publications/publication.aspx?id=10760. We need to be active now for our children’s future education depends on continuing Art Education in elementary curricula. The research studies show positive cognitive results when students take Arts Education which in turn prepares them for a rapidly changing world. Conclusion By supporting and continuing research in this area of cognitive benefits to Arts Education, we can help inform ongoing debates about the value of arts education. This will help improve the budgetary pressure while continuing to support arts programs in our school curricula. Conclusion Continued From my perspective, it is clear that with enough focused attention, training in the arts does develop cognitive benefits. If you are doing something you like in art form, than you love to learn which may also lead to improvements in other brain functions and that is a good thing. Closing Remarks From my perspective, it is clear that with enough focused attention, training in the arts does develop cognitive benefits. If you are doing something you like in art form, than you love to learn which may also lead to improvements in other brain functions and that is a good thing. Closing Remarks By supporting and continuing research in the area of cognitive research, we may help inform ongoing debates about the value of arts education. This will enhance the learning experience for our children and support arts programs in our schools and community. End We need to be active now for our children’s future education depends on continuing Art Education in elementary curricula. The research studies show positive cognitive results when students take Arts Education which in turn prepares them for a rapidly changing world. Conclusion Attend and participate in the activities of your local arts groups. Get to know your local artists. Go to the art museums. Develop ongoing relationships, partnerships in grant initiatives. Help educate others as to what art is about. Go to the school night programs, attend local concerts and art shows and tell everyone why the arts are vital to every child’s education. Share your knowledge about the latest research on arts education. As an artist, I share my skills and techniques by inviting people to my home to learn these techniques. How to promote Arts Education? Foundation Center. The web site allows users to search for grants and funding opportunities, and provides guidance and training for grant
seekers. http://foundationcenter.org Who Funds Arts Education Continued Americans for the Arts Organization. http://www.artsusa.org/

Funding for arts education may be available through one or more of the local arts agencies in your service area. To learn more about the
resources in your community, visit the Americans for the Arts Online Field Directory. Who Funds Arts Education Continued State Funding: To inquire about state
resources for arts education, contact your
state arts agency.

National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA). http://www.nasaa-arts.org/

Kennedy Center Alliance for Arts Education Network (KCAAEN). http://www.kennedy-center.org/education/kcaaen/ Who Funds Arts Education Continued Federal Funding is managed by the U.S. Department of Education http://www.ed.gov/

The National Endowment for the Arts http://www.arts.gov/

Americans for the Arts Organization: www.artsusa.org/

North Carolina Arts Council: http://www.ncarts.org/about_us.cfm Who Funds Arts Education Continued While funding exist at the national, state, and local levels for arts programs in public schools, and various grants are available. It is imperative that school boards work toward a sustainable plan for arts education in their districts by allocating a percentage of the operating budget to arts education. Who Funds Arts Education These findings suggest a relationship between aesthetic ability, arts education and reading fluency, particularly phonological awareness, a skill closely related to reading ability. Exploratory findings also suggest a relationship between math calculation abilities and exposure to the visual arts. Both findings may hold promise for understanding the relationship of early arts education instruction to student success in reading and mathematics. Furthermore, DTI analysis shows promise in furthering the understanding of the neural basis for the development of cognitive skills. By Brian Wandell, Ph.D., Robert F. Dougherty, Ph.D., Michal Ben-Shachar, Ph.D., Gayle K. Deutsch, Ph.D., and Jessica Tsang, Stanford University Training in the Arts, Reading, and Brain imaging.
Significance of the Findings. (3) The researchers found a strong, positive correlation between visual arts experience and phonological awareness in year one. This effect dissipated with time, which the researchers state is a phenomenon commonly observed in literature on child development. Such dissipation researchers suggest may be due to the fact that children find many ways to learn and thus one input (e.g. visual arts experience) that has a strong early impact may lessen its impact with time as children broaden their palette of learning tools and experiences. (4) Preliminary study data also suggest that visual arts exposure may be correlated with improvements in children's math calculation abilities. Training in the Arts, Reading, and Brain Imaging.
Key Findings. - Continued (1) The amount of music training received by children in year one of the study was significantly and positively correlated with improvement in their reading fluency over the three-year period of the study. (2) The researchers found a relationship between brain structure in both reading ability and phonological awareness using DTI data. Training in the Arts, Reading and Brain
Imaging Key Findings This series of studies used neuroscience methods to investigate the relationships between: (1) aesthetic ability, arts education, and improvement in children's
reading ability; (2) visual arts exposure and phonological awareness and (3) arts exposure and math calculation abilities. As part of these studies, the researchers developed new tools for identifying brain regions involved in the development of reading skills, tools that analyze what neuroscientists call diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. This research was conducted in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health-funded longitudinal study of reading development. http://www.artsedsearch.org/summaries/training-in-the-arts-reading-and-brain-imaging. 1 Training in the Arts, Reading and
Brain Imaging “In my judgment, this project has identified candidate genes involved in the predisposition to the arts and has also shown that cognitive improvements can be to specific mental capacities such as geometric reasoning; that specific pathways in the brain can be identified and potentially changed during training; that some-times it is not structural brain changes but rather changes in cognitive strategy that help solve a problem; and that early targeted music training may lead to better cognition through an as yet unknown neural mechanism. All of those findings are rather remarkable and challenging”. Michael S. Gazzaniga, PhD. University of California, Santa Barbara, Ca. Arts and Cognition: Finding Hint
at Relationships - Continued (6) Training in acting appears to lead to memory improvement through the learning of general skills for manipulating semantic information. (7) Adult self-reported interest in aesthetics is related to a temperamental factor of openness, which in turn is influenced by dopamine-related genes. (8) Learning to dance by effective observation is closely related to learning by physical practice, both in the level of achievement and also the neural substrates that support the organization of complex actions. Effective observational learning may transfer to other cognitive skills. Arts and Cognition: Finding Hint
at Relationships - Continued Researchers used brain imaging studies and behavioral assessment, to identify eight key points relevant to the interests of parents, students, educators, neuroscientists, and policy makers. The full report may be downloaded from www.dana.org. Here is the summary of what the researchers have learned: (1) An interest in a performing art leads to a high state of motivation that produces the sustained attention necessary to improve performance and the training of attention that leads to improvement in other domains of cognition. Arts and Cognition: Finding Hint
at Relationships Many of us have wondered if smarter people are more inclined to do or take arts educations or does the arts education make us smarter? The study reports:

Children motivated in the arts develop attention skills and strategies for memory retrieval that also apply to other subject areas. Leaning, Arts and the Brain. Web 20 Sep 2012. http://www.dana.org/news/publications/publication.aspx?id=10760. Arts training can cause dramatic changes in the brain, possibly strengthening the attention network; practicing the arts can cross into other mental domains. Different art forms, such as music or dance, activate quite distinct neural networks. But if kids remain open to the experience and stay interested, all the art forms seem to interact with the attention network Benegal, Dr. Vivek. “Brain Development & Arts Education.” 12 Dec 2012 Studies reveal that arts education gives students an enhanced way to develop intellectually, emotionally and socially. Immerging research data indicates that students trained in highquality arts education will improve cognitive learning, help maintain a student’s attention span and reduce absenteeism in school. Baker 253-274 Does Arts Training Improve
Social and Academic Skills? The study of creative works in music, visual arts, dance, or drama/theatre, and the process of producing such creative works. What is Arts Education? Evolution theory changes over time… The writings and pictures, help us to communicate without saying a word. These drawings establish the fact art has been around for thousands of years.

Art brings intrigue to our minds and eyes and helps us understand the world we live in today and the world our ancestors experienced thousands of years ago. Historical Significance of Art
- Continued Without art we would have no road map of our past. If we think about previous prehistoric cave carvings which are sometimes hailed as significant findings, we realize the importance of documenting our history. These cravings help establish who we are, where we come from, who our ancestors were and where we might be going Historical Significance of Art
With the release of a number of research studies, based on various art test applications, the test results are showing art education does increase cognitive ability, increases a student’s attention span, decreases absenteeism and helps to improve test results. Research Shows Art Education Does Increase Cognitive Ability Reseach shows school ratings and achievements test scores across the country, especially in art education is in trouble. The low scores are indicating how we teach and what we are teaching in our schools needs to be revamped. Current Education Curriclum is Flawed
How Do We Resolve this Issue? Art teachs us the philosophy branch of aesthetics, which is a useful tool dealing with taste, the nature of beauty, art, and the creation and appreciation of beauty. What Does Art Teach Us? Art helps us to relax which is therapeutic. Everyone has a creative side all we need to do open the window of learning to realize our potential.

If we are really good at art, the potential to make unlimited income is possible; but money is not the reason an artist is an artist. Why is Art Important? Art Education Improves Our Cognitive Skills and Helps Develop Creative Abilities. By being involved, you make a statement that Art is important to you and others. Don’t forget to let your principals know how important Arts are to you, your children and your community. Think Art!

Encourage Art! Support Art! Purchase Art from local artist! How to promote Arts Education?
Continued (2) Genetic studies have begun to yield candidate genes that may help explain individual differences in interest in the arts. (3) Specific links exist between high levels of music training and the ability to manipulate information in both working and long-term memory; these links extend beyond the domain of music training. (4) In children, there appear to be
specific links between the practice of music and skills in geometrical representation, though not in other forms of numerical representation. (5) Correlations exist between music training and both reading acquisition and sequence learning. One of the central predictors of early literacy, phonological awareness, is correlated with both music training and the development of a specific brain pathway. Arts and Cognition: Finding Hint
at Relationships - Continued Without any doubt, the value of arts education is recognized by many educators, business leaders, and policymakers. However, due to our on-
going economic challenges, the arts education programs faces serious problems. Is Art Education the Answer? People do oppose Art Education and
People rave about the benefits.
Your parents may think art studies will not look good on a resume or college application.

What do you want to do? Art Education? Now they are graphical
records of prehistory
world-wide.
Why are these here? The slides focus on the Southwestern United States, with an emphasis on the most spectacular rock art sites. The rock art of the Colorado Plateau, particularly of Eastern Utah, constitutes the majority of the images. Other sites featured are in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, California, New Mexico, Colorado and Texas. http://www.jqjacobs.net/rock_art/transparencies.html

“Rock Art Pages by James Q. Jacobs Does that Mean Art Education If A Core Subject?
By Joan C. Blackwell Be Smarter
Think Art
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