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Michel Foucault and the Matrix
Transcript of Michel Foucault and the Matrix
Michel Foucault and the Matrix
How Foucault's Philosophy
applies to "The Matrix"
-Classical representation- the map We do, however, have direct (introspective) access to the abstract structures of our ideas: we can “see” what representational structure they have. Further, we can alter an idea's structure to make it a better representation of an object, as we can alter a map to improve it. self referential
-The dual nature of man as being transcendental and empirical
-in knowing we control and in controlling we know.
To what extent does our belief shape reality?
Without true representations, is it possible to have true knowledge?
Foucalt's Magnificent Works
Ideas are just representations
"There is no spoon
There is no spoon?
Then you'll see, it is not the
spoon that bends, it's yourself"
The dual nature of man
as being transcendental
Neo: I thought it wasn't
Morpheus: Your mind
makes it real.
Knowledge and Power
In knowing we control and in controlling we know
His later works deals with freeing man from their imaginary constraints masked as limits and to show them alternate realities
A Brief Biography
historian of systems of thought
Michel Foucalt was born in Poitiers, France
died in Paris in 1984
died from AIDS-re;lated illness
openly homosexual man
one of high profile intellectuals to die from AIDS
he wasn't afraid of AIDS, he accepted his illness
History of Madness in the
This was Foucault's first major work (1961)
The work regarded the supposed breakthrough in medicine that mental insanity should be treated as any other medical illness.
He argued that objectivity in treating "madness" was, quite frankly, wrong.
Foucault believed that this new system of treatment was not an improvement to previous sociocultural beliefs
Les Mots es les Choses
Classical Representation is similar to the representation of roads on a map
The concept here is that we know by having abstract ideas that represent what we know.
Using the allusion of a road map, even if we have never seen the actual road, we can imagine what it looks like by just looking at a map
Says that representation itself may have an origin in something else
Foucalt argues that the figure of man did not exist before the classical age.
Foucalt proposed the "analytic of finitude": the factors that make us finite are the same that make the acquisition of knowledge possible
He shared his suicidal thoughts with his friends
last 8 mothns of his life he focused on his 2 volumes of The History of Sexuality
his father encouraged him as he was growing up
he studied philosophy with Louis Girard from Saint-Stanislas school
he entered into one of the most prestigious French schools, because of his academic record at Ecole Normale Superiereure d'Ulm
he was fascinated by pschology
he recieved the equilvalent of a BA degree in Psyhopathology in 1947
Discipline and Punish
This work proposed a milder approach to punishing criminals
"In controlling we know, and in knowing, we control.
Foucalt believes that Bentham's Panopticon is the ideal type of prison