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Pre-Islamic Arabia

This is about the Arabian Peninsula before the arrival of the prophet.
by

Maddie Rennyson

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Pre-Islamic Arabia

Historical Setting of the Period The Arabian Peninsula Before the Prophet The time in the Arabian Peninsula before the prophet Muhammad was known as the Jahiliyya, or "time of ignorance".
While nomadic groups of people were not uncommon, most people in the Arabian peninsula were permanent settlers. Nearly all the Arabian Peninsula was covered in desert, so very few areas were suitable for farming. Major Figures There were several kinds of Arabs. "Ancient Arabs" of which little history is known are also called "Perishing Arabs". There were also "Pure Arabs" (also known as "Qahtaanian Arabs")
who descended from Ya‘rub bin Yashjub bin Qahtaan. Finally, there were "Arabized Arabs" that descended from Ismaa'eel. Major Conflicts Arabs were split up into several tribes. Such as the Quraysh which is the dominant tribe in Mecca. Also the Banu Umayya from which many of his fiercest enemies arose. There was a lot of conflict between many of these tribes. These conflicts were the only known in this period.
The Relationships Between Cooperating and Feuding
Groups of the Period The main kind of rulers in the pre-Islamic Arabian Peninsula were kings that had been crowned by others. There were several tribes in Arabia that often conflicted with one another. The Arab tribes often made contact and trading agreements with the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Sassanian Empire. How This Period Set the Stage For the Next Period The next period in time is the Islamic period. The pre-Islamic Arabia had many different religions which later influenced the Islamic period. Before Islam most people worshipped idols, but a few believed in one god, some were the Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians. Christianity and Judaism had big influences on Islam. For example, the Islamic book of the Qur'an has many similar stories that the Christian bible contains. Also they have some of the same beliefs, such as the belief that God will come again in a day of judgement. Maddie Rennyson, Sierra Moore, Ricky Stockel, Christopher Frydenborg Created by:
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