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Transcript of Mary Wollstonecraft
"Book Cover Archive." The : A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Design by David Pearson. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://bookcoverarchive.com/book/a_vindication_of_the_rights_of_woman_1>.
"Mary Wollsonecraft Resources at Erratic Impact's Feminism Web." Mary Wollsonecraft Resources at Erratic Impact's Feminism Web. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.erraticimpact.com/~feminism/html/women_wollstonecraft_mary.htm>.
"Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)." Mary Wollstonecraft 1759-1797. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.essentiallifeskills.net/marywollstonecraft.html>.
"Mary Wollstonecraft Legacy." About.com Women's History. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://womenshistory.about.com/od/wollstonecraft/a/wollstonecraft-legacy.htm>.
"Mary Wollstonecraft on Education." Mary Wollstonecraft on Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.infed.org/thinkers/wollstonecraft.htm>.
"Mary Wollstonecraft." Suite101.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://suite101.com/article/mary-wollstonecraft-a52661>.
"Wilder Shores: Europe." Wilder Shores: Europe. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://unitproj.library.ucla.edu/special/wildershores/europe/europe.htm>. Works Cited
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman-her book written in 1792
Maria: The Wrongs of Woman- Mary Wollstonecraft's unfinished sequel to A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
She argued that girls and boys should be co-educated and that women and men should share parental responsibilities Mary Wollstonecraft was born in London on April 27, the second of six children
Her father was Edward John Wollstonecraft
he bullied his wife
he ruled the family
Her mother was Elizabeth Dixon 1780: Her mother, Elizabeth Dixon, Dies At the age of 19, Mary wollstonecraft goes to live on her own 1759 1778 1780 1783 She helps her sister escape a brutal husband
she hid her away until the two were divorced
With her sister, they formed their own school at Newington Green Her School inspires her to write her first book
Thoughts on the Education of Daughters: With Reflections on Female Conduct, in the More Important Duties of Life Legacy 1787 she became a translator and literary adviser to Joseph Johnson, the publisher of radical texts.
through this she became involved with many people of intellectual and radical thought 1783 She moved to Paris
There she witnessed Robespierre's Reign of terror
She wrote a book on it known as:
An Historical and Moral View of the Origins and Progress of the French Revolution: and the effect it has Produced in Europe
At the home of some English friends in Paris Mary met Captain Gilbert Imlay, an American timber-merchant
she married him 1792 Personal Life
Biography Sources for Legacy: she gave birth to her daughter, Fanny 1794 Imlay Deserted her
during a four month trip to Scandinavia, she tried to drown herself from Putney Bridge. Quotes Beliefs Impact
-considered the first feminist
-wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman during a time of revolutionary heat
-can be interpreted as a liberal or difference feminist or even an individualist
-"I must declare what I firmly believe, that all writers who have written on the subject of female education and manners, from Rousseau to Dr. Gregory, have contributed to render women more artificial, weak characters than they would otherwise have been; and consequently, more useless members of society."
-"Her writing, like most of the prose of her time, tends to be verbose by today's standards, yet her arguments have passion insight that speak across more than two centuries. --- From 500 Great Books by Women; review by Erica Bauermeister
-She believed in the "Enlightenment philosophy" (a period in history of western thought and culture, this occurred between the 17th and 18th century)
-She also proposed the idea of having the same type of education for both boys and girls
- She favored: co-ed classrooms, & that family members all being considered rational beings, and that children should be able to judge their parents like everyone else
-Most importantly, she believed there was an imbalance of power between sexes
-She brought public consciousness to the equality of women within democratic government in Europe
-She influenced nineteenth-century women’s rights activists and suffragists. For example, Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Candy Stanton
-She is also viewed as a role model for a new era of self-sufficient, socially more powerful women 1795 Works Cited "Mary Wollstonecraft." (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). N.p., 26 Sept. 2012. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/wollstonecraft/>.
Kreis, Steven. "Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759-1797." Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759-1797. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Aug. 2009. <http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/wollstonecraft.html>.
Joseph Johnson (publisher). N.d. Photograph. Joseph Johnson (publisher). Web. <http://english.turkcebilgi.com/Joseph+Johnson+(publisher)>.
Pellett, Gail. Gilbert Imlay. N.d. Photograph. Vindication – A Love Story in Three Parts. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. <http://gailpellettproductions.com/vindication-love-in-three-parts/>.
William Godwin. N.d. Photograph. William Godwin. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. <http://www.utilitarian.net/godwin/>. Legacy Feminist Her book/her became inspiration for later feminists like Susan B. Anthony
Mary Wollstonecraft is usually considered a liberal feminist because her approach is primarily concerned with the individual woman and about rights.
Mary Wollstonecraft could also be considered a difference feminist. She honored women's many natural talents and insisted that women should not allowed to be judged by male expectations.
Mary also helped women, because she enforced the fact there was no sexual obligation that they had to fulfill. She also prevented abortions and infanticide, for those who wanted to have the child, but they father didn't.
"Women becoming, consequently, weaker, in mind and body, than they ought to be, were one of the grand ends of their being taken into account, that of bearing and nursing children, have not sufficient strength to discharge the first duty of a mother; and sacrificing to lasciviousness the parental affection, that ennobles instinct, either destroy the embryo in the womb, or cast it off when born. Nature in everything demands respect, and those who violate her laws seldom do so with impunity." (Cat Clarke, feministsforlife.org) Mary went to live with William Godwin in Somers town 1796 They both abhorred marriage, but married in 1997 due to Mary's pregnancy.
Her new daughter Mary was born on August 30th
Mary Wollstonecraft died on September 10, 1997, at the age of 38
She died from puerperal fever due to her pregnancy 1797 Mary
Mary Shelley characterized the females in her book as submissive.
For example, in Frankenstein, the characters Safie, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Agatha only prove a "channel of action" for the male characters in the novel. Meaning, any event that occurs to them is only for the sake of a male character to learn a lesson or to cause him to show emotion.
So, throughout the boook, the women are used, abused and disposed. They only serve the function of impacting a man's life.
Mary Shelley contradicts her mother's beliefs by creating these weak female characters. Mary Wollstone's Connection to Frankenstein
"Women as the Submissive Sex in Mary Shelley's 'Frankenstein'" Student Pulse. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/139/women-as-the-submissive-sex-in-mary-shelleys-frankenstein>. Works Cited (Connection) Connection Clark, Cat. "Feminist History E-Tutorial - Mary Wollstonecraft -Feminists for Life of America - Pro Woman Pro Life." Feminist History E-Tutorial - Mary Wollstonecraft - Feminists for Life of America - Pro Woman Pro Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
Lewis, Jone J. "Mary Wollstonecraft Legacy." About.com Women's History. About.com, n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
Kreis, Steven. "Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759-1797." Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759-1797. The History Guide, n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
Siskind, Sarah. Feminism: Its Foe and Its Folly. 2011. Photograph. N.p.
The Gender Criticism. 2010. Photograph. Kerry61693. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://larrattkerry09.blogspot.com/>.
Mary Wollstonecraft and Feminism. N.d. Photograph. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.jettandjahn.com/tag/e-michael-jones/>. What Male leader would you compare Mary wollstonecraft to and why? What is Feminism? Who was Mary Wollstonecraft? How do you think are project incorporates Feminism? How did the girls feel about the segregation between boys and girls? How did the boys feel? What was Mary Wollstonecraft's relationship to frakenstein?