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Developmental Milestones

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dolores ridgell

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Developmental Milestones

Developmental Milestones
Intellectual Disabilities
Physical Disabilities
Result from diseases or disorders affecting normal development or functioning. All students vary in the levels of physical abilities, strength and stamina. Commonly referred to as orthopedic impairments.
Emotional or Behavioral Disorders
Exhibits one or more characteristics over a long period of time that affects the child's performance.
Inability to learn that cannot be explained intellectually, sensory, educational performance
Inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
Common Health Impairments
1. Seizure Disorder
2. Diabetes
3. Asthma
4. Cystic Fibrosis
5. Sickle Cell Anemia
6. Childhood Cancer

Other Health Impairments
A milestone marks a significant change or stage in the different stages of development.
Everyone is unique and everyone doesn't reach their developmental milestones at the same time.
Children and adults respond well to praise and encouragement. Build on their strengths. Learning new skills will increase success.
Affects how information is received and processed.
6 common problems types involved with learning disability
Learning disabilities differ from child to child
Learning Disabilities
Direct instruction
Administer probes
Use diagrams, graphics, and pictures to augment what they say in words.
Structure tasks
Pair with a study buddy
Listen to audio recordings instead of reading text.
Repeat directions
Maintain daily routines
6 Classifications of EBD
Conduct Disorder
Socialized Aggression
Attention Problems-Immaturity
Anxiety Withdrawal
Psychotic Behavior
Motor Excess
1. Keep classroom rules simple and clear
2. Reward Positive behavior
3. Allow mini breaks
4.Fair treatment for all
5. Use motivational strategies
Types of Physical Disabilities
1. Acquired Brain Injury
2. Amputation
3. Cerebral Pulsy
4. Muscular Dystrophy
5. Parkinsons Disease
Set classroom so everyone can move around easily
Use a buddy system
Use computers & audio visual aids
Allow extra time to complete tasks
Encourage communication to prevent isolation
Diagnosed with the use of physical exams, blood work, and specialized tests.
Modify assignments only as needed
Arrange room to accomodate students equipment
Break tasks into small parts
Make appropriate arrangements to accomodate students schedule regarding personal needs
Have an understanding of medication needs of students
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Developmental disability affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interactions, repetitive activities, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines.
Characteristics Associated with Autism
Difficulty relating to others
Difficulty relating to objects
Unusual reactions to events
Unusual communication
Abnormal responses to sensations
Self stimulation
Self injurious behaviors
Be concise with verbal directions
Be consistent
Use pictures of words to reflect daily routines or instructions
Avoid Sarcasm and Idioms
Full transcript