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Similarities between Byzantine and Kiev

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on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Similarities between Byzantine and Kiev

Byzantine's Politics, Culture, and Religion Politics Byzantine Politics Was an empire ruled by an emperor Emperor ruled as an Autocrat Single ruler of the empire Had power of church was considered Christ's co-ruler on Earth One Exception Justinian's co-ruler Theodora Capital was Constantinople Off the Bosporus a strategic place to build a city Could control the trade route into the Mediterranean Crown was passed from father to son Kiev Politics Was a monarchy Had a king, queen, princes, princess Was cause of decline Rival families battled for the throne Was not called an empire Was called the Kievan State Kiev was the capitol Was on the river Dnieper A direct trade route to Constantinople Why the Byzantine Emperor had so much effect on Kiev They Spoke: a Slavic based language Spoke Greek and Latin Similarities Two leaders of each converted to Christianity Both to control the church To control the church is to control the people Both Rulers ruled the church and the state Supremacy Both were the only ruler Kiev ruler most likely did this to make himself more like Byzantines Culture Byzantine Arts Mosaics Music Dress Architecture Domes Very elaborate decorations inside Written Language Greek Kiev Arts Adapted their music Adapted their art Adapted their dress Architecture Onion Domes Adaption of Byzantine domes Well decorated outside Painted very elaborately Written Language Cyrillic alphabet A language made by two greek monks Based off their Slavic language Similarities Most of the Kievan's: Art, Music, and Dress is adapted from the Byzantines The Onion domes Kiev is known for is an adaptation from Byzantines domes The Kievan written language come from Greek Monks in the Byzantine Empire Religion Byzantine Byzantine's religion was Christianity Until the Great Schism Was the first division of the church Happened when the Patriarch of Constantinople convinced the emperor of Byzantine that the people worshiping icons was a problem Then the people went to the pope who told them it was not a problem After this the pope and patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other This was called the Great Schism Biggest Differences were: Also called Supremacy who rules the church Byzantine Christians rejected the pope Byzantine clergy were allowed to marry Byzantine Christians spoke Greek in church Roman Catholics accept the pope Roman Catholics Clergy are not allowed to marry Roman Catholics spoke Latin in church Byzantine Christian's main holiday was Easter Roman Catholics main holiday is Christmas Kiev Originally Kiev's religion was a pagan religion Then in 957 AD Princess Olga converted to Byzantine Christianity was not until her grandson converted that it really started being popular In 988 AD King Vladimir converted to Byzantine Christianity He also married the sister of the Byzantine Emperor This meant that everyone had to convert Brought in Greek Priests to do mass baptisms Had all the same rules as the Byzantine Christians had Answer Basic Information Byzantine Kiev Period of Kiev is 700's- 1100's Period of Byzantine is 330- 1613 Is the eastern side of the old Roman Empire Capitol is Constantinople Considered themselves the Holy Roman Empire Was an advanced society Located in Southern Russia Main city is Kiev Located on the Dnieper River Was the heart of the trade society Was less advanced then Byzantine Direct trade route to Byzantine Got most of their culture by cultural diffusion from Byzantine In the 700's, the city of Kiev was developing on the Dnieper River, which connected directly to Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. As a result of its location, most of Kiev's culture had Byzantine roots. Kiev, also known as the Kievan State, developed a monarchy that also ruled the church, much like the Byzantine emperor. In Kiev's golden age under Yaroslav, the rule was much like Justinian's, and a written law code similar to Justinian's was developed to improve justice. Kiev adapted Byzantine art, music, and dress, and elaborated on their domes, calling their version "onion domes." Kiev's language, the Cyrillic alphabet, was created by two Byzantine monks, Cyril and Methodius. Kiev started out as a pagan religion, but soon converted to Byzantine Christianity when Princess Olga and King Vladimir did. They were held to the same standards as Byzantine Christians were and followed the same rules. Kiev eventually developed their form of Byzantine Christianity, the Russian Orthodox Church. The monarchs of Kiev ruled the Russian Orthodox Church, and made it dependent on the government for support. Kiev eventually declined when as families battled for throne and Mongol invaders finally overran the city. Constantinople Byzantine Mosaics Byzantine Dress Byzantine Domes Inside of Byzantine Church (Dome) Greek Alphabet Onion Dome Cyrillic Alphabet Byzantine Church While Western Europe was suffering through the chaotic period of invasion, the Eastern Empire was expanding and developing unique political, cultural, and religious systems. Describe the impact of Byzantine Culture on the growth and development of Kiev.
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