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UK Approach to Ops

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Elizabeth Millwater

on 16 June 2016

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Transcript of UK Approach to Ops

UK Approach to Ops
JNCO CLM
Explain how the characteristics of conflict impact on the Army.
Explain how the Army operates within Joint Forces
Explain how UK forces operate within the UK Government's Comprehensive Approach
Explain how UK forces operate within coalitions/alliances.
Objectives
Conventional Warfare
1. Conflict is not a precise science - it is an unpredictable and uniquely human activity.

2. Conflict will remain focused on influencing people

3. Maintaining public support is essential for success on ops.

4. Qualitative advantage may no longer be assumed in the future.
Future Character of Conflict
Conflict
A state of opposition or hostilities
Oxford English Dictionary
Two or more entities in a state of hostility

Cultural / territorial disputes
Violent / non-violent
State vs State
State vs Non-State actors
Enduring vs Adaptive
The Situation at Hand
The Evolution of Conflict
How has conflict evolved?
Where scissors beat paper
State
vs
State
The enemy was clear
The battle lines were clear
The Rules of Engagement were followed
Conventional tactics

Unconventional Warfare = Untraditional Warfare
Who is the enemy?
How do you fight them?
Who is the target?
What are the civilians doing?
Why are they doing this?
Future Character of Conflict
'No matter how clearly one thinks, it is impossible to anticipate precisely the character of future conflict. The key is to not be so far off the mark that it becomes impossible to adjust once that character is revealed.'
Produced by the DCDC (Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre)
Published on 3rd February 2010
Syndicate Activity
Read the document summaries that have been given, consider how the Army structure and focus has changed during your time in the Army.

Has this affected your unit? if so how?
Has this affected your job? if so how? that you have been.
The Threat Drivers
UK Geo-Strategic
Perspective
Climate Change
Demography
Globalisation
& its impact
Failed &
Failing States
Ideology
Energy Resources
Reduction in heavy armour & artillery
Increased Intelligence
Reduction in Army's size by 2015
Strategic Edge
Withdrawal from Germany
1. Understand the specific problem
2. Achieve an asymmetric edge - gain and maintain the initiative
3. Allocate resources &
prioritise
Objectives
Joint Ops & the Comprehensive Approach
The collaboration of two or more of the MOD services.

&

The collaboration of civil organisations with the military
Working in Partnership
Coalition Quiz
How well do you know your coalition partners?

Assign the roles and responsibilities to the correct coalition partner/alliance.
UN Security Council, NATO, Anglo-French Security Council
Advantages
Increased legitimacy.
Reduced burden on resources.
Ability to project a larger force.
Ability for smaller nations to contribute to military action.
Sharing of knowledge and innovation.
Coalition/Alliance Roles
NATO
Safeguarding freedom
Collective defence (Article 5)
The Transatlantic link
Crisis management
Co-operative security
UN
Maintenance of International Peace & Security.
Investigation of any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction;
Legitimises the use of military force.
Anglo-French Cooperation Agreements
Maximise the UK's military capabilities.
Obtain greater value for money from our investment in Defence.
Increase interoperability.
Media, Social Media & Conflict
Syndicate Activity
Group 1: Royal Navy
Group 2: The Stabilisation Unit
Group 3: Royal Air Force
Group 4: Land Forces

Research

What is their role and function?

What do they contribute to Joint Operations?

Class Activity
Using the Post it notes on your desk:
write down the different operations (name and country/location) you have been a part of (one post it note)
What was the task/role of your unit?
Come up and stick them on the whiteboard at the front of the room
Army
Defeat of other land forces
Security of terrain
Direct influence on populations
Enable security for other agencies to operate
Evidence of political commitment
Greatest show of force as a deterrent
ROYAL NAVY
Access - through sea mobility to areas that aviation may not be able to land.
Sustained Reach - the ability to maintain position in theatre for extended periods of time
Versatility - can provide offensive/defensive support, transportation, reconnaissance etc.
Lift - Fleet Air Arm capability and troop/equipment transportation.
Amphibious Action in coastal areas through naval gunfire

The Stabilisation Unit (SU) is a cross-government unit supporting UK government efforts to tackle instability overseas.
It supports integrated co-ordination of UK government activities in fragile and conflict-affected states by acting as a centre of expertise on conflict, stabilisation, security and justice.

It recruits, trains and deploys qualified and experienced civilian experts (‘Deployable Civilian Experts’) to support UK government activities in fragile and conflict-affected states, and to multilateral missions on behalf of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

It also captures and analyses evidence from practical experience to identify and share best practice, inform the UK government’s strategy and policy development.
Stabilisation Unit
RAF
Control of the Air - allowing freedom of movement across the physical environment.
Air Mobility - supporting deployment, sustainment and manoeuvre.
Intelligence and Situational Awareness - enabled by high vantage points and fields of view.
Airbourne Action - such as air interdiction and close air suppor.
Coalitions and Alliances
A more formal and long standing agreement
An ad hoc arrangement between two or more nations for a common action, with a clear lead nation.
vs
Legitimises the use of military force.
Safeguarding freedom
Maximise the UK's military capabilities.
Collective defence (Article 5)
Provides a Transatlantic link.
Maintenance of International Peace & Security.
Obtain greater value for money from our investment in Defence.
Investigation of any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction;
Increase interoperability.
Crisis management
Co-operative security
Disadvantages
Explain how the characteristics of conflict impact on the Army.
Explain how the Army operates within Joint Forces
Explain how UK forces operate within the UK Government's Comprehensive Approach
Explain how UK forces operate within coalitions/alliances.
Necessity to seek ally approval for action.
Different ROE/Constraints.
Unequal partnerships may result in one playing 'second fiddle' or having to support the other.
Alliances with one nation may provoke tensions with another.
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