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Subject and Verb Agreement

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by

Julianna D'Urzo

on 20 April 2014

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Transcript of Subject and Verb Agreement

Subject/Verb Agreement
chapter 13
By:Julianna and kiana
WHAT IS
SUBJECT AND VERB AGREEMENT?


The idea of subject and verb agreement are to ensure that your ideas are clearly and logically expressed in your sentence. To stress that the noun and verb of the sentence agrees.
Subject - The subject is always the noun of the sentence : the person, place, thing or idea which the sentence is about
Verb-Tells what the subject is doing or does (the action)
Example :The
dog

chases
the cat.

-dog being the
subject (noun)
because that is who you are talking about
-chases being the
verb
as that is the action of the subject

The
women

hurried
.

-women is the
subject
-hurried being the
verb
3 Rules to Remember
RUlE

A
singular
subject must have a
singular
verb.
A
plural
subject must have a
plural
verb.

For the subject and verb to agree both must be singular or both must be plural.

Singular
Subject =
Singular
Verb
Plural
Subject =
Plural
Verb

When in the present tense, nouns and verbs for plurals in opposite ways.

Nouns

ADD
a
S
to the singular form
Verbs

REMOVE
the
S
from the singular form

The dog chase
s
the cat.
The dog
s
chase the cat.
Reminder- It is the subject which determines the verb.

To ensure that a verb agrees with its subject :
1.Identify the subject
2.Verify if the subject is singular or plural
3.Select the verb which agrees with the subject
R u l e
A phrase or clause which intervenes with a subject and its verb does not affect subject-verb agreement.

Basically, DO NOT let words confuse you in between the subject and verb as they do not affect the agreement.
The subject will always determine the verb.
Example:

The girl, who is running in stilettos, (is, are) usually a slow runner.


Rule
Compound subjects joined by
and
is generally plural and must use a plural verb.

When two subjects are joined by
and
they need a plural verb.

The dog and the cat (is,are) jumping over the moon.
EXCEPTIONS
If the compound subject are the same thing or considered as one item a singular verb is needed.

Germany’s capital and largest city is Berlin.

(Since Berlin is both Germany’s capital and largest city, a singular verb is used)

If the words every or each is in front of a compound subject, a singular verb is used.

Every piece of chocolate and candy is sweet.


Top 3 Reminders:

-
Singular
Subject =
Singular
Verb
-
Plural
Subject =
Plural
Verb

-The subject will always determine the verb.

-Helping verbs must agree in number with the subject
Example - Great Lawyers is coming.
Great lawyers are coming.
Uncle Stanley and his turtle, Hubert, is coming to visit me next weekend. I wished I have a turtle. Every time they come over, Hubert stay in his little den and sleeps while Uncle Stanley tell me his childhood stories. There is only about three story in his entire repertoire, and, even though he himself finds them amusing, neither his stories nor his jokes are funny. I tries to get him to talk about other topics but economics are his real interest. I don’t find this topics very interesting. I hate to admit it, but I hope the days they spend with me passes quickly.
Everyone who have ever been to a graduation know how exciting it can be for the graduates. In our town, nearly the whole population come each year. There is one thing that both graduates and guests enjoys: the awarding of scholarships. This ceremony, along with the closing exercises, make attending the graduation worthwhile. Several of the students who receives awards plan to attend the community college. Many former graduates is grateful for opportunities that such an award provide.

Uncle Stanley and his turtle, Hubert, are coming to vista me next weekend. I wished I had a turtle. Every time they come over, Hubert stays in his little den and sleeps while Uncle Stanley tells me his childhood stories. There are only about three stories in his entire repertoire, and, even though he himself finds them amusing, neither his stories nor his jokes are funny. I try to get him to talk about other topics but economics are his real interest. I don’t find these topics very interesting. I hate to admit it, but I hope the days they spend with me pass quickly.
Everyone who has ever been to graduation knows how exciting it can be for the graduates. In our town, nearly the whole population comes each year. There is one thing that both graduates and guests enjoy: the awarding of scholarships. This ceremony, along with the closing exercises, makes attending the graduation worthwhile, Several of the students who receive awards plan to attend the community college. Many former graduates are grateful for opportunities that such an award provides.
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