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Mind Map of the French Revolution and Reign of Napoleon
Transcript of Mind Map of the French Revolution and Reign of Napoleon
The Reign of Napoleon Louie XIV, the Sun King King from 1643 to 1715
Centeralizes the French government
Leads France in three major European wars
Is remembered most for turning France into
Europe's leading superpower King from 1715 to 1774
Lost New France to Britain
Spends massive amounts of money funding the American War of Independance, bankrupting France Louie XV, the Beloved King from 1774 to 1792
Executed in 1793
Botched handling of internal problems in France, notably mass famine, mass poverty, extraordinary disparities, and a rapidly expanding population directly lead to the French Revolution, in which Louie would be executed vie guillotine. Louie XVI The French Revolution proved to be a turning point in the world's history. For the first time in then modern-day Europe, a country had risen up united under one banner, and eliminated the ruling monarch. Unique to the revolution though, the people of France installed a democractic government based on the ideals of equality, liberty, and fraternity. This sent waves of nationalistic, and liberalistic feelings throughout all of Europe, and set the foundations for our current system of government in Canada, America, and throughout most of Europe. The French Revolution The Enlightenment The Enlightenment was a period in France dominated by the rise of liberalism, and nationalism. It was a time when people were encouraged to form opinions of their own, rather then blindly following whatever the monarch or clergy told them. The Last Kings of France Events Leading up to the Revolution The Estates General Louie XVI, in a desperate attempt to pull France out of it's spiralling problems of banruptcy and civil unrest, call together the Estates General, a committee consisting of an equal representatives from each of the three estates, in order to find a solution to the problem. The Tennis Court Oath One day, the representatives of the Third Estate attempted to enter the building where the proceedings were being held, only to find that they had been locked out. For them, this was the last straw, and gathering in a nearby tennis court, swore that they were truly representative of the people of France, and would not rest until their demands were met. This resulted in the creation of the National Assembly Napoleon's Second Exile After once again suffering defeat at the hands of his enemies, Napoleon was sentenced to exile for a second time, this time to an island called St.Helena's, in the middle of the Pacfic Ocean. Here napoleon spent the rest of his days, eventally succumbing to stomach cancer, though some dissenters believe hs was poisoned with arsenic by one of his servants. The National Assembly The National Assembly was led by Maxamillion Robspierre. It's self-proclaimed role was to represent the people of Frace, because Louie XVI was not. When Louie was removed from the throne, it was the National Assembly that took control of France The Fall of the Bastille One month after the Third Estate made the Tennis Court Oath, and formed the National Assembly, the people of Paris rebelled, and stormed a political prison called the Bastille, where they obtained a large amount of gunpowder for their guns. After the Bastille had fallen, the people dismantled the stone monolith brick by brick. Louie, when he was told of the fall of the bastille, was said to have asked: "Is it a rebellion?" and was told, "No sir, it is a revolution." Declaration of the Rights of Man A month after the fall of the Bastille, the national Assembly drafted and institued the Declaration of the Rights of Man, which guaranteed the equality of all men, and formally removed the old system of "Estates" which were used to divide the country into the rich, the poor, and the clergy . The Rise of the Republic Three years later, in 1792, after Versaille was stormed and the monarchy transported to London, King Louie XVI was officially removed from the government of France, oficially making France a Republic, turning the national Assembly into the National Committee. This year also marks the beginning of the Revolutionary wars, in which Prussia and Austria sought to invade France, and restore Louie XVI to the throne. Death and Terror Revolution Begins In 1793, Robespierre came to realize that so long as the remnants of the royal family still existed, the Revolution could never attain all it needed to. This resulted in the trial, and subsequent execution of LouisXVI. Louis' execution also marks the beginning of what is now known as th Reign of Terror, a time when the National Committee, now the Committe of Public Safety, suspended the Declaration of the Rights of Man, and executed suspected traitors with impudence bordering on whimsy. The Fall of Terror For nearly two years, the Reign of Terror grew worse and worse. Robespierre had his political rivals, most prominant among was Danton, executed with prejeducy, and suspicious began circulating that Robespierre was not quite sane, after he outlawed religion and started his own cult for "The Great Being". After mishandling a particularly sensitive announcment of further treachery within the Public Committee of Safety, Robespierre was accused of treason, and executed. The Reign of Terror was over, and an age of limbo, called th Directory, began. The Rise and Fall of Napoleon In 1799, rising star of the French Army Napoleon Bonaparte staged a military coup, and institued a new government, under his control as Consul. Napoleon began a series of internal reforms to France, including a centralization of government, creation of the Bank of France, the institution of a new set of civil laws called the Napoleonic Code, and the introduction of a federally funded pblic school system. The Rise of Napoleon Emperor Napoleon Rides to War After declaring himself Emperor in 804, Napoleon begins a series of wars, known as the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon eventually captures all of mainland Europe, including Italy and Spain, as well as conquering Egypt. Embargo Goes Awry After suffering some setbacks in Egypt, Napoleon is forced to delay his intended invasion of mainland Britain. He settles instead for placing an embargo on the island, though after a period of time, Russia dismisses the embargo, which leaves Napoleon one coice if he wishes to defeat Britain any time soon.
Invade Russia. Failure in Russia Napoleon's Russian campaign fails miserably, and results in the destruction of most of his army. Soon after, Napoleon's enemies muster, invade France, and take Paris. Naploeon's First Exile It is decided by Napoleon's enemies that he should be exiled to a small island. This is done, but ten months later Napoleon escapes, and reclaims hte title of Emperor in France 100 Days and Waterloo Napoleon resumes his wars upon return to France. This lasts for one hundred days, before he engages th british army at Waterloo. The British, after weathering a blistering French offensive, route napoleon with help from Russian and Prussian reinforcments. Napoleon is defeated, for the last time.