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Transcript of GRAFFITI HISTORY
There are many ways to look at the "start" of graffiti. . .
"graffiti" comes from the Italian word
this is applied (along with the word sgraffito) to works of art that have been scratched to reveal an image
World War II
"Kilroy was here"
Graffiti (that we know) starts!
Graffiti was primarily used by political activists and gang members before the mid-1960s
In the late 1960s, in Philadelphia we saw two of the first "writers" start gaining attention by BOMBING their names all throughout the city.
WRITER: Someone who writes graffiti
BOMB: To cover a large area
with your tag
"THE FATHER OF MODERN GRAFFITI"
& KOOL EARL
they brought FAME to graffiti artists!
we start to see graffiti artists popping up all over NYC
One thing NYC had,
TAKI 183 is one of the most influential graffiti writers. His "tag" was short for Demetaki, a Greek alternative for his birth-name Demetrius, and the number 183 came from his address on 183rd Street in Washington Heights. He worked as a foot messenger in New York City and would write his nickname around the New York streets that he frequented during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
first to combine words to create a "logo"
the end of pioneering, "one-liners" & "tags" begin to start being more complex
The "masterpiece", a designed name, (usually running from the bottom of the window to the undercarriage of the train), is the foundation for the evolution of style.
- Whole cars (graffiti done on an entire train car) made a resurgence with CLIFF 159, BLADE, TRACY 168, KINDU and others doing their names with cartoon characters.
Barbara 62 and Eva 62 were also important early graffiti artists in New York, and are the first known females to write graffiti.
LATE 1970s-EARLY 1980s
You start to see a decline in the massive bombing and tagging in the late 1970s and early 1980s
streets more dangerous
more patrol to stop graffiti
CLEAN TRAIN MOVEMENT
The Clean Train Movement started in May, 1989, when New York attempted to remove all of the subway cars found with graffiti on them out of the transit system.
During this period many graffiti artists have taken to displaying their works in galleries and owning their own studios.
Graffiti as an art form has been ever-changing and still is today!
1964: The Sharpie Marker is introduced to the world! First pen-style permanent marker ever!!