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Imperialism in Africa (Nigeria)
Transcript of Imperialism in Africa (Nigeria)
"He should go and completely drive out the inferior race" (Pearson Section 2). Imperialists: We shall first bring Christianity and education to these native peoples and then we shall conquer. They are too weak for us.
"We find that the law of the survival of the fitter is the true of mankind" (Pearson Section 3). Imperialists: "Africa is still lying ready for us it is our duty to take it. It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race more of the best the most human, most honourable race the world possesses" (Cecil Rhodes, Confessions of Faith, Paragraph 4). Native: "One day, when all our people were gone out to their works as usual...two men and a woman got over our walls, and in a moment seized us both; and... they stopped our mouths, and ran off with us into the nearest wood. Here they tied our hands, and continued to carry us as far as they could... We were then unbound; but were unable to take any food; and, being quite overpowered by fatigue and grief, our only relief was some sleep, which allayed our misfortune for a short time" (Equiano, 48). The Slave Trade in Nigeria Trade began in the late 15th century and Europeans were trading cowries (seashells used as money) for enslaved Africans. Eventually, the Europeans gained possession of guns and gunpowder. Native: We are being treated like we are items not people. We are being sent over the ocean to different countries to do work for those white people. Nigeria Begins To Corrupt Due to problems with conflicting nations, Lagos signed a treaty with Britain in 1851 which handed over control of parts of the city. The treaty also allowed for British to spread their culture into Nigeria. Imperialist: "Yet their intertribal struggles have not yet produced a civilization in the least comparable with the western European...in which a high state of civilization has been produced, namely, the struggle of race with race, and the survival of the physically and mentally fitter race" (Pearson, Section 1). Britain Controls Palm-Oil Trade Britain arrests King Jaja for blocking the trade routes for the palm-oil trade and is sent to jail. Imperalist: "You may hope for a time...when American and German and English traders shall no longer compete in the markets in the world for their raw material..." (Pearson Section 3). Britain Steals Lagos Britain takes advantage of Lagos and ends up capturing the whole region. However, they gave the land back to the Nigerians through the legal route. Natives: We are now even. Now you white people understand what it is like to have land taken from you.
"The easy, ungrudged praise comes now, to search your manhood through all the thankless years" (Kipling Stanza 7). Nigerian Women Fight Against Taxes Since the British have taken over, Nigerians are paying taxes, paying taxes, and paying more taxes. As a result, the women protested for the removal of the "wife tax." Natives: It is about time we fight for the injustices because we have been working, cleaning, and paying too much now. The Anglo-Aro War The big battle between Britain and Nigeria came in 1901 and 1902. The Aro Confederacy fought the Anglo-Saxons in Southeastern Nigeria. However, the confederacy lost and it was destroyed. Imperialist: This war is caused: "'To abolish slave trade which is secretly carried on throughout the entire territories belonging to...to abolish the fetish of the Aros...and to establish throughout the territories a labour market to take the place of slavery'" (Sir Ralph Moore, the high Commissioner of Nigerian Coast Proctectorate). Northern and Southern Nigeria Combine Into One In 1914, Northern and Southern Nigeria had a formal amalgamation and combined to geographically form the present day Nigeria. Also, the people were now known as Nigerians. Native: "'The amalgamation was devoid of a formal agreement between the constituent parts...'" (Soyinka Paragraph 3). Nigeria Decolonizes Nigeria Holds Its First Conference Nigeria Has Its First National Election Nigeria Gains Independence from Great Britain On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained its independence from Great Britain and there were two conservative parties: the Nigerian People's Congress and the Igbo and Christian. Natives: "We are not a conquered people. We are not, and have never been a conquered people. True, there are portions within that geographical space known as Nigeria that have fallen under the yoke of conquest by alien, imperial forces, as well as areas that have known conquest from aggressive and expansionist sections from within that same geographical space now known as Nigeria" (Soyinka Paragraph 1). Nigerian nationalism continues to grow and grow due to their part in World War II. Their self-government grows and they have their first ever election in 1957. Natives: We are, today, free people. Free at last! Free at last! Free at last! Brandon Lew
Taylor Crowder Reforms began occuring and other leaders followed his example including those in Nigeria from 1946-1960. They gained more power, and worked to shape the cultural, political, and economic character of the postcolonial state. Imperialist: They have gained power and gained rights from us. They are forming nations against our empire. Nigeria has a political conference in 1957 to discuss about gaining independence from the British. Natives: We must do whatever it takes to get freedom from the whites. We must stay united. We must discuss issues.