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The Plymouth Colony

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J P

on 8 February 2014

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Transcript of The Plymouth Colony

-Last effort of the Indians in Southern New England to drive out the English Settlers
- Led by Metacom, the Pokunoket cheif
- Lasted 14 months and destroyed 12 frontier towns
-Ended when Metacom was beheaded
-The Win showed the English that God was with them
-The English used the time following the war to expand their land into former Indian land

The Plymouth Colony
Where is Plymouth? Is it safe?
A Tour to Plymouth Colony!
Government of Plymouth Colony
- Mayflower Compact was used to govern the colony. (Mainly self-governance)

Key Term: Mayflower Comapact: Rules and plans of government for Pilgrims to choose leaders and government (Having the right or power of self-government. For I.E, William Bradford.)

How was the location in Plymouth Colony?
-Separatists wanted to create a new community based on their
religious beliefs.


-Wanted to escape persecution that they faced in England.

-Wanted to create a sustaining colony. (Brought their whole families to make the colony last and worked together to achieve success.)

KEY TERM
: Separatist -> People who wanted to separate from The Anglican Church of England.
Why did Plymouth Colony Begin?
-Since people relied on environment, there was no need for money.

-As new settlers arrived, people started trading
crops and furs with the Dutch.
Economy of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
New People, New Tribes?
-With the Native Americans' greet, "Welcome Englishmen" (Samoset) , the Indians quickly became good friends with the Puritains.

-Signed peace treaty with Wampanoag tribe, which lasted over 50 years. Some of the conditions included:

1)Neither party would harm each other

2)Leave weapons behind when meeting

3)Serve as allies in time of war
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-mayflower-plymouth-massachusetts-bay-colony.html#lesson
For Greed and Money
Shelter in Plymouth
- Built tents.

-Later built huts

- In the long run, learned to build cabins from Swedish people.


* Only one room in the house

William Bradford
Born- March 1590 in Yorkshire, England

Religion- Protestant

Imigrated over to Norh America on the Mayflower in 1620

Helped create the Mayflower Compact

In 1621 elected 2nd governor of Plymouth Colony


King Phillip's War Broke Out!
-> It is located in the Cape Cod Bay.
-> It is South of Salem and Boston.

-Rolling hills
-Fertile valleys

Natural resources: fishing for cod, whaling, hunting, trees, , gravel, stone, lime, and clays.

The first settlers got to Plymouth at the begining of winter. --> Couldn't plant crops as almost half of them died from starvation, malnutrition, and disease.
MLA Bibliography
-When more people from England came, thought they were religiously better than the natives. (For God, Glory and Money!)

-As a result, they started to push the Natives to the West, taking their land.



Watch how Pilgrims Settled
Plymouth Families
-> Men mainly worked in the fields, hunted, and tended to livestock.

-> Women mainly worked on household needs such as cooking, cleaning, taking care of the children, and tended to the chickens

-> On average, each family had 8-9 children born (only about 3 survived)

Positive Effects
- Close to Cape Cod (Fish production)
- Many trees for firewood
-Abandoned Wampanoag Community with cleared fields
-Location was on a hill for easy protection

Negative Effects
- Around 1 to 8 month growing season (Plantation difficulty)
-Rocky Soil made it hard to farm
-Harsh winter killed many Pilgrims.
-Earned commission in English army supporting Dutch Protestants.

-Positioned the buildings of Plymouth in a strategic order to protect the colony

-Built a fence around the settlement to protect from an indian attack

- Part of Puritan Congregation

Who were some important people?

John Carver was the first governor after John Carter died. He was governor for less than a year before he died.
Learn more about the Separatists
Heinsohn, Robert Jennings. "Pilgrims and Wampanoag: The Prudence of Bradford and Massasoit." Sail 1620. Web February 6th, 2014. <www.sail1620.org/history/articles/119-pilgrims-wampanoag.html>

History Coroporations. "Plymouth Colony." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/plymouth>

Deez, Patricia Scott. "The Plymouth Colony Archive Project." The Plymouth Colony Archive Project. J Eric Deez, July 1998. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. <http://www.histarch.illinois.edu/plymouth/> ㅒㅡ

-Kelly, Martin. "Plymouth Colony." About.com American History. Martin Kelly (About.com), Apr. 2005. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
<http://americanhistory.about.com/od/colonyprofiles/a/Plymouth-Colony.htm>

Johnson, Caleb. "MayflowerHistory.com." MayflowerHistory.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.

"William Bradford." William Bradford. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nndb.com/people/611/000048
Pilgrims wanted to have religious freedom and profits!
They later had a feast,
Thanksgiving!
Did you get all the information? Still struggling? Click here to see the summary!

William Brewster
-Financed the the seperatists move to Holland

-Influencial in the planning of the Plymouth Colony, but stayed in Holland

-Helped William Bradford and Edward Winslow in leading the Plymouth Colony (success)
-He was trading with Indians in beaver furs for making hats.
*Established good realations with the Indians. HOWEVER...
Terje Sojerd. "Loving God & Neighbors." Loving God Neighbors. Nov.-Dec. 2004. Terje Sojerd. 07 Feb. 2014 <http://ifeldp.wordpress.com/2011/11/24/my-story-the-crusaders-and-thethanksgiving-day/>.
Press, World. "The New England and Southern Colonies, Page 7." American History. N.p., 1 Mar. 2003. Web. 07 Feb. 2014.Press, World. "The New England and Southern Colonies, Page 7." American History. N.p., 1 Mar. 2003. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://aventalearning.com/content168staging/2008AmHistA/unit1/html/section_5_page_7.html>
Kern, Bill. "The New England and Southern Colonies, Page 7." American History. N.p., 6 July 2006. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15038628>
US Publications. "Index of /waite/ancestry-brewster/brewster-fam-picts." Index of /waite/ancestry-brewster/brewster-fam-picts. US History, 2 Mar. 2001. Web. 07 Feb. 2014.
History, Mayflower. "MayflowerHistory.com." MayflowerHistory.com. 2 Mar. 2001. Mayflower History. 06 Feb. 2014 <http://mayflowerhistory.com/standish-myles/>
J, Patrick M. "Historical Digression." Historical Digression. 2 Apr. 2004. History Digression. 07 Feb. 2014 <http://historicaldigression.com/tag/king-philips-war/>.
Soylent. "William Bradford." William Bradford. 2 May 2014. Soylent Commiuncations. 06 Feb. 2014 <http://www.nndb.com/people/611/000048467/>.
Staggs, Matt. "The Native Americans Thought That The Pilgrims Were Filthy, Irritating and Incompetent." Disinformation. Matt Staggs, 2 Feb. 2000. Web. 08 Feb. 2014. <https://disinfo.com/2013/11/native-americans-thought-pilgrims-filthy-irritating-incompetent/>
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