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The Plymouth Colony
Transcript of The Plymouth Colony
- Led by Metacom, the Pokunoket cheif
- Lasted 14 months and destroyed 12 frontier towns
-Ended when Metacom was beheaded
-The Win showed the English that God was with them
-The English used the time following the war to expand their land into former Indian land
The Plymouth Colony
Where is Plymouth? Is it safe?
A Tour to Plymouth Colony!
Government of Plymouth Colony
- Mayflower Compact was used to govern the colony. (Mainly self-governance)
Key Term: Mayflower Comapact: Rules and plans of government for Pilgrims to choose leaders and government (Having the right or power of self-government. For I.E, William Bradford.)
How was the location in Plymouth Colony?
-Separatists wanted to create a new community based on their
-Wanted to escape persecution that they faced in England.
-Wanted to create a sustaining colony. (Brought their whole families to make the colony last and worked together to achieve success.)
: Separatist -> People who wanted to separate from The Anglican Church of England.
Why did Plymouth Colony Begin?
-Since people relied on environment, there was no need for money.
-As new settlers arrived, people started trading
crops and furs with the Dutch.
Economy of Plymouth Colony
New People, New Tribes?
-With the Native Americans' greet, "Welcome Englishmen" (Samoset) , the Indians quickly became good friends with the Puritains.
-Signed peace treaty with Wampanoag tribe, which lasted over 50 years. Some of the conditions included:
1)Neither party would harm each other
2)Leave weapons behind when meeting
3)Serve as allies in time of war
For Greed and Money
Shelter in Plymouth
- Built tents.
-Later built huts
- In the long run, learned to build cabins from Swedish people.
* Only one room in the house
Born- March 1590 in Yorkshire, England
Imigrated over to Norh America on the Mayflower in 1620
Helped create the Mayflower Compact
In 1621 elected 2nd governor of Plymouth Colony
King Phillip's War Broke Out!
-> It is located in the Cape Cod Bay.
-> It is South of Salem and Boston.
Natural resources: fishing for cod, whaling, hunting, trees, , gravel, stone, lime, and clays.
The first settlers got to Plymouth at the begining of winter. --> Couldn't plant crops as almost half of them died from starvation, malnutrition, and disease.
-When more people from England came, thought they were religiously better than the natives. (For God, Glory and Money!)
-As a result, they started to push the Natives to the West, taking their land.
Watch how Pilgrims Settled
-> Men mainly worked in the fields, hunted, and tended to livestock.
-> Women mainly worked on household needs such as cooking, cleaning, taking care of the children, and tended to the chickens
-> On average, each family had 8-9 children born (only about 3 survived)
- Close to Cape Cod (Fish production)
- Many trees for firewood
-Abandoned Wampanoag Community with cleared fields
-Location was on a hill for easy protection
- Around 1 to 8 month growing season (Plantation difficulty)
-Rocky Soil made it hard to farm
-Harsh winter killed many Pilgrims.
-Earned commission in English army supporting Dutch Protestants.
-Positioned the buildings of Plymouth in a strategic order to protect the colony
-Built a fence around the settlement to protect from an indian attack
- Part of Puritan Congregation
Who were some important people?
John Carver was the first governor after John Carter died. He was governor for less than a year before he died.
Learn more about the Separatists
Heinsohn, Robert Jennings. "Pilgrims and Wampanoag: The Prudence of Bradford and Massasoit." Sail 1620. Web February 6th, 2014. <www.sail1620.org/history/articles/119-pilgrims-wampanoag.html>
History Coroporations. "Plymouth Colony." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/plymouth>
Deez, Patricia Scott. "The Plymouth Colony Archive Project." The Plymouth Colony Archive Project. J Eric Deez, July 1998. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. <http://www.histarch.illinois.edu/plymouth/> ㅒㅡ
-Kelly, Martin. "Plymouth Colony." About.com American History. Martin Kelly (About.com), Apr. 2005. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
Johnson, Caleb. "MayflowerHistory.com." MayflowerHistory.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
"William Bradford." William Bradford. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nndb.com/people/611/000048
Pilgrims wanted to have religious freedom and profits!
They later had a feast,
Did you get all the information? Still struggling? Click here to see the summary!
-Financed the the seperatists move to Holland
-Influencial in the planning of the Plymouth Colony, but stayed in Holland
-Helped William Bradford and Edward Winslow in leading the Plymouth Colony (success)
-He was trading with Indians in beaver furs for making hats.
*Established good realations with the Indians. HOWEVER...
Terje Sojerd. "Loving God & Neighbors." Loving God Neighbors. Nov.-Dec. 2004. Terje Sojerd. 07 Feb. 2014 <http://ifeldp.wordpress.com/2011/11/24/my-story-the-crusaders-and-thethanksgiving-day/>.
Press, World. "The New England and Southern Colonies, Page 7." American History. N.p., 1 Mar. 2003. Web. 07 Feb. 2014.Press, World. "The New England and Southern Colonies, Page 7." American History. N.p., 1 Mar. 2003. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://aventalearning.com/content168staging/2008AmHistA/unit1/html/section_5_page_7.html>
Kern, Bill. "The New England and Southern Colonies, Page 7." American History. N.p., 6 July 2006. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15038628>
US Publications. "Index of /waite/ancestry-brewster/brewster-fam-picts." Index of /waite/ancestry-brewster/brewster-fam-picts. US History, 2 Mar. 2001. Web. 07 Feb. 2014.
History, Mayflower. "MayflowerHistory.com." MayflowerHistory.com. 2 Mar. 2001. Mayflower History. 06 Feb. 2014 <http://mayflowerhistory.com/standish-myles/>
J, Patrick M. "Historical Digression." Historical Digression. 2 Apr. 2004. History Digression. 07 Feb. 2014 <http://historicaldigression.com/tag/king-philips-war/>.
Soylent. "William Bradford." William Bradford. 2 May 2014. Soylent Commiuncations. 06 Feb. 2014 <http://www.nndb.com/people/611/000048467/>.
Staggs, Matt. "The Native Americans Thought That The Pilgrims Were Filthy, Irritating and Incompetent." Disinformation. Matt Staggs, 2 Feb. 2000. Web. 08 Feb. 2014. <https://disinfo.com/2013/11/native-americans-thought-pilgrims-filthy-irritating-incompetent/>