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Order, Power, and SNAF as Ideological Code
Transcript of Order, Power, and SNAF as Ideological Code
Our social worlds are organized by texts, discourse,
language that has meaning, and guides us through our
Traditional social science has viewed the ruling
relations as discrete forms or units of organization
- state, bureaucracy, formal organization,
mass communications, science, popular culture, etc.
--Dorothy E. Smith, pg 157.
The "Truth" is a problematic for post-modern approaches to knowledge and power.
In reference to "the beginning": To this very common wish, the institution's reply is ironic, since it solemizes beginnings, surrounds them with a circle of attention and silence, and imposes ritualized forms on them, as if to make them more easily recognizable from a distance.
-- Michel Foucault, pg. 1154.
Since the (ruling) relations of this (institutional) complex are based in and mediated by texts, important functions of coordination are performed by ideologies, concepts, theories, and the like, that insert their ordering capacities into specialized sites operating otherwise independently.
--Smith, pg. 157
The Standard North American Family (hereafter SNAF)...is the conception of The Family as a legally married couple sharing a household. The adult male is in paid employment; his earnings provide the economic basis of the family-household. The adult female may also earn and income, but her primary responsibility is to the care of husband, household, and children. The adult male and female may be parents (in whatever legal sense)of children also resident in the household.
--Smith, pg. 159.
In other words, it is the policies
of the state, schools, the law,
churches, the media - the language used
by organizations of bureaucratic power
that restricts and shapes our experiences
in our social worlds.
Why do ideas and images of families, like the one below, survive the imagination, despite our experiences? Are these ideas so powerful?
Discourse is part of an ORDER - a way of understanding the world that takes over as Truth - so that concepts like "law" become realities. Gravity is an example.
Foucault states that "discourse is not simply that which
translates struggles or systems of domination,
but is the thing for which and by which there is struggle, discourse is the power which is to be seized.
--Foucault, pg. 1155.
Discourse is powerful - shaping the understandings of our everyday lives...
Smith writes: "...as our work progressed, we became increasingly aware of the ordinary ways in which our thinking and our telling of experience were structured by text-mediated discourse."
So...where does GENDER fit into a discourse?
What about RACE?
What ABOUT AGE?
"...is an analogy to 'genetic code.'
"...is a schema that replicates its organization in multiple and various sites..."
"...is a constant generator of procedures for selecting syntax, categories, and vocabulary in the writing of texts and the production of talk and for interpreting sentences, written or spoken, ordered by it."
--Smith, pg. 159.